The Black Lives Matter Movement (2013- )

Black Lives Matter Protest in Tel Aviv, Israel, 2015
Black Lives Matter Protest in Tel Aviv, Israel, 2015
Image Ownership: Public domain

The Black Lives Matter Movement has grown into the largest black-led protest campaign since the 1960s. While specific goals and tactics vary by city and state, overall the movement seeks to bring attention to police violence against African Americans and in particular the use of deadly force against mostly unarmed civilians. While the issue of police brutality and unnecessary deadly force has been a focus point of black anger and frustration through much of the 19th and all of the 20th centuries, the violent death of 17-year-old Trayvon Martin at the hands of neighborhood watch captain George Zimmerman in 2012 galvanized various efforts into a single national movement.

This page begins with an article by Professor Herb Ruffin describing the founding (and founders) of the movement. The entries that follow identify incidents both before and after 2012 which have inspired the activism of Black Lives Matter members and supporters.

We at know this is an incomplete list. While we are aware of at least sixty other names that should be included and are constantly adding profiles, we ask your help in identifying and writing profiles of these and other individuals not yet covered. If you are interested in contributing to this list, please contact us at

Black Lives Matter: Founding a Movement

Alicia Garza
Patrisse Cullors
Opal Tometi

Berry Lawson Case, 1938
The Groveland Four, 1949
Johnny Robinson, 1963
Bobby Hutton, 1968
Eula Mae Love, 1979
Rodney King, 1991
Latasha Harlins, 1991
Abner Louima, 1997
Amadou Diallo, 1999
Roger Owensby, Jr., 2000
Timothy DeWayne Thomas, Jr., 2001
Orlando Barlow, 2003
Henry Glover, 2005
Sean Elijah Bell, 2006
Deaunta T. Farrow, 2007
Tarika Wilson, 2008
Oscar Juliuss Grant III, 2009
Kiwane Albert Carrington, 2009
Aiyana Stanley-Jones, 2010
Derrick Jones, 2010
Reginald Doucet, 2011
Alonzo Ashley, 2011
Kenneth Chamberlain, Sr., 2011
Anthony Lamar Smith, 2011
Ramarley Graham, 2012
Trayvon Martin, 2012
Wendell James Allen, 2012
Shereese Francis, 2012
Rekia Boyd, 2012
Tamon Robinson, 2012
Sharmel Edwards, 2012
Shantel Davis, 2012
Reynaldo Cuevas, 2012
Jordan Russell Davis, 2012
Malissa Williams, 2012
Timothy R. Russell, 2012
Deion Fludd, 2013
Carlos Alcis, 2013

The Black Lives Matter Movement is Founded

Andy Lopez, 2013
Eric Garner, 2014
John Crawford III, 2014
Michael Brown, Jr., 2014
Ezell Ford, 2014
Laquan McDonald, 2014
Akai Kareem Gurley, 2014
Tamir Rice, 2014
Natasha McKenna, 2015
Walter Lamar Scott, 2015
Freddie Gray, Jr., 2015
Sandra Bland, 2015
Christian Taylor, 2015
Jamar O’Neal Clark, 2015
Gregory Gunn, 2016
Philando Castile, 2016
Sylville Smith, 2016
Terence Crutcher, 2016
Keith Lamont Scott, 2016
Jocques Clemmons, 2017
Charleena Lyles, 2017
Charles Smith, Jr., 2018

Related Pages:

Racial Violence in the United States Since 1660
Lynching in the United States Since 1865
Race, Crime, and Incarceration in the United States