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The Memphis Red Sox (1920-1960)

The Memphis Red Sox were a Negro League baseball team based out of Memphis, Tennessee. They are one of just a handful of teams that spanned over thirty years of operation. The team was initially owned by local barber Arthur Peterson Martin, and were called … Read MoreThe Memphis Red Sox (1920-1960)

The Jacksonville Red Caps (1938-1945)

The Jacksonville Red Caps were a Negro League baseball team based in Jacksonville, Florida. The team played out of Durkee Field, the city’s first municipal recreation field. Dr. Jay Durkee, owner of the land, donated the property to the Jacksonville Baseball Association. The Red Caps … Read MoreThe Jacksonville Red Caps (1938-1945)

The Hilldale Athletic Club (1910-1932)

The Hilldale Athletic Club was a professional Negro League baseball team based in Darby, Pennsylvania. Austin D. Thompson, a 19-year-old ballplayer, established the team in 1910 as an amateur youth club. By the end of the year, Ed Bolden, a local black businessman and postal … Read MoreThe Hilldale Athletic Club (1910-1932)

The Atlanta Black Crackers (1919-1939)

The Atlanta Black Crackers were a professional Negro League baseball team that played mostly as a minor league team but were briefly a major negro league team as well. The team was originally formed as the Atlanta Cubs, a semi-professional team made of college students … Read MoreThe Atlanta Black Crackers (1919-1939)

The Bacharach Giants (1916-1929) (1931-1941)

The Bacharach Giants was a Negro league baseball team first based in Atlantic City, New Jersey. The team originally were the Duval Giants out of Jacksonville, Florida but relocated to Atlantic City in 1916. They were named after the city’s mayor Harry Bacharach, and were … Read MoreThe Bacharach Giants (1916-1929) (1931-1941)

The Indianapolis ABCs (1907-1942)

The history of the Indianapolis ABCs is complicated by the fact that five separate teams operated under the same name between 1917 and 1942. The 1907-1926 team played both as an independent team and were the charter members of the Negro National League, formed in … Read MoreThe Indianapolis ABCs (1907-1942)

Brooklyn Royal Giants (1905-1942)

The Brooklyn Royal Giants were a top-ranked east coast Negro League team, originally formed in 1905 by John Wilson Connor, owner of the Brooklyn Royal Cafe, and managed by William Parker. They were organized as a “barnstorming club,” meaning they traveled through several states, playing … Read MoreBrooklyn Royal Giants (1905-1942)

The Chicago American Giants (1911-1956)

The Chicago American Giants were a Chicago-based Negro league baseball team, owned and managed from 1910 to 1926 by player-manager Andrew “Rube” Foster, known as the father of the Negro League Baseball. From 1910 until the mid-1930s, the American Giants were the most dominant team in Black baseball. Some of the most … Read MoreThe Chicago American Giants (1911-1956)

The Chicago Unions (1887-1904)

The Chicago Unions was an independent team formed in 1887 and one of the first professional, Black baseball teams to last more than a year prior to the Negro Leagues era beginning in 1920. In 1887, before the start of the 1888 baseball season, William S. Peters joined other Chicago … Read MoreThe Chicago Unions (1887-1904)