Dalit Panther Movement (1972-1977)

Educated youth from the slums of Mumbai, India started the Dalit Panther Movement (DPM) in June 1972, inspired by Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar and the U.S. Black Panthers.  Dalits (“downtrodden”) are the lowest “untouchable” caste in Hinduism.  Hinduism views Dalits as sinners in their prior lives who can only redeem themselves … Read MoreDalit Panther Movement (1972-1977)

Revolutionary United Front (1991–2002)

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" The Revolutionary United Front (RUF) was a rebel army that fought in the Sierra Leone Civil War, 1991–2002. The RUF was created by Foday Sankoh along with allies that included Abu Kanu, Rashid Mansaray, and most of the Mende ethnic group … Read MoreRevolutionary United Front (1991–2002)

Canadian Expeditionary Force No. 2 Construction Battalion (1914–1918)

No. 2 Canadian Construction Battalion, November 1916 "Image Ownership: Public Domain" When the First World War began in 1914, black Canadian men responded to the call to arms. Like other loyal citizens who flocked to recruiting centers, they wanted to do their part for king … Read MoreCanadian Expeditionary Force No. 2 Construction Battalion (1914–1918)

The Almoravids/al-Murabitun (1040CE–1147CE)

The Almoravid Empire "Image Ownership: Public Domain" The Almoravids, or al-Murabitun as they called themselves, were an Islamic Berber dynasty that established an empire in Morocco and eventually took it over a wide region of Northwest Africa including modern Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania, and part … Read MoreThe Almoravids/al-Murabitun (1040CE–1147CE)

Boko Haram (2002- )

School Girls Kidnapped By Boko Haram, 2014 "Image Ownership: Public Domain" Nigerian militant Islamist group Boko Haram was founded by Mohammed Yusuf in the north-eastern city of Maiduguri in 2002.The official Arabic name of the group is Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati wal-Jihad, which means “People … Read MoreBoko Haram (2002- )

Gays and Lesbians of Zimbabwe (GALZ) (1990- )

Ignatius Muhambi & Ellen Chademana, Employees of GALZ, Arrive in Court in Harare, Zimbabwe After Their Arrest in 2011 Image Ownership: Public Domain Gays and Lesbians of Zimbabwe (GALZ), founded in 1990, is one of the earliest and highly regarded LGBTI (Lesbian-Gay-Bisexual-Transgender-Intersex) advocacy organizations in … Read MoreGays and Lesbians of Zimbabwe (GALZ) (1990- )

The Mano River Women’s Peace Network (2001-)

Liberian Women’s Peace Group Image Ownership: Public Domain The Mano River Women’s Peace Network (MARWOPNET) was one of the first female led peace negotiating teams in the region of West Africa and they organized a system of diplomacy between the Liberian, Guinean and Sierra Leonean … Read MoreThe Mano River Women’s Peace Network (2001-)

The Nigerian Youth Movement (1934-1951)

Nnamdi Azikiwe as a Member of the Nigerian Youth Movement Image Ownership: Public Domain J.C. Vaughn, Ernest Ikoli, H.O. Davies, and Samuel Akinsanya founded the Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM) in 1934. Although based in Lagos, the NYM was the first Nigerian nationalist organization to promote … Read MoreThe Nigerian Youth Movement (1934-1951)

Movimento Negro Unificado (1978– )

Movimento Negro Unificado March, ca. 2000 Image Ownership: Public Domain The Movimento Negro Unificado (MNU) or Unified Black Movement, the most notable black civil rights movement in Brazil, was founded in São Paulo, Brazil in 1978 by Thereza Santos and Eduardo Oliveira de Oliveira. The … Read MoreMovimento Negro Unificado (1978– )

Tonton Macoutes (Milice Volontaires de la Securite Nationale – MSVN)

The Milice Volontaires de la Sécurité Nationale (MVSN), or the (Militia of) National Security Volunteers was a Haitian paramilitary force founded in 1958 to defend the autocratic and corrupt regime of François “Papa Doc” Duvalier. The MVSN, commonly known as the Tonton Macoutes, was notorious … Read MoreTonton Macoutes (Milice Volontaires de la Securite Nationale – MSVN)