Dalit Panther Movement (1972-1977)

Educated youth from the slums of Mumbai, India started the Dalit Panther Movement (DPM) in June 1972, inspired by Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar and the U.S. Black Panthers.  Dalits (“downtrodden”) are the lowest “untouchable” caste in Hinduism.  Hinduism views Dalits as sinners in their prior lives who can only redeem themselves … Read MoreDalit Panther Movement (1972-1977)

British Black Panther Party (1968-1973)

Inspired by the Black Power movement in the U.S., the Nigerian playwright, Obi Egbuna, founded the British Black Panthers (BBP) in 1968 in London’s Notting Hill.  In Britain, people of Caribbean, African, or South Asian descent, who were mainly immigrants from former British colonies, were considered to be “black.”  The tripling of Britain’s black population from … Read MoreBritish Black Panther Party (1968-1973)

Israeli Black Panther Party (1971-1977)

In 1969, Sa’adia Marciano and Charlie Biton—along with four other Moroccan-Jewish youth living in the poor Moroccan-Jewish section of Jerusalem, Israel—started meeting to discuss North African Jews’ experiences of joblessness, police beatings, housing and education discrimination, and exclusion from government political offices and positions.  When they read … Read MoreIsraeli Black Panther Party (1971-1977)

Interahamwe (1992- )

Mass Grave, Rwandan Genocide, 1994 Image Ownership: Public domain Interahamwe, translated from Kinyarwanda to English as “those who work/ fight together,” is an African paramilitary and terrorist group currently based in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda. Composed mainly of young Hutu men, Interahamwe was one … Read MoreInterahamwe (1992- )

Revolutionary United Front (1991–2002)

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" The Revolutionary United Front (RUF) was a rebel army that fought in the Sierra Leone Civil War, 1991–2002. The RUF was created by Foday Sankoh along with allies that included Abu Kanu, Rashid Mansaray, and most of the Mende ethnic group … Read MoreRevolutionary United Front (1991–2002)

Canadian Expeditionary Force No. 2 Construction Battalion (1914–1918)

No. 2 Canadian Construction Battalion, November 1916 "Image Ownership: Public Domain" When the First World War began in 1914, black Canadian men responded to the call to arms. Like other loyal citizens who flocked to recruiting centers, they wanted to do their part for king … Read MoreCanadian Expeditionary Force No. 2 Construction Battalion (1914–1918)

Al-Shabaab (2006- )

Al Shabaab Fighters in Somalia "Image Ownership: Public Domain" Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahideen, more commonly known as Al-Shabaab (meaning youth), is a clan-based jihadist terrorist group in East Africa. Originating as the militant youth wing of the Somali Council of Islamic Courts (ICU), which took over … Read MoreAl-Shabaab (2006- )

The Almoravids/al-Murabitun (1040CE–1147CE)

The Almoravid Empire "Image Ownership: Public Domain" The Almoravids, or al-Murabitun as they called themselves, were an Islamic Berber dynasty that established an empire in Morocco and eventually took it over a wide region of Northwest Africa including modern Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania, and part … Read MoreThe Almoravids/al-Murabitun (1040CE–1147CE)

Boko Haram (2002- )

School Girls Kidnapped By Boko Haram, 2014 "Image Ownership: Public Domain" Nigerian militant Islamist group Boko Haram was founded by Mohammed Yusuf in the north-eastern city of Maiduguri in 2002.The official Arabic name of the group is Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati wal-Jihad, which means “People … Read MoreBoko Haram (2002- )

Gays and Lesbians of Zimbabwe (GALZ) (1990- )

Gays and Lesbians of Zimbabwe (GALZ), founded in 1990, is one of the earliest and highly regarded LGBTI (Lesbian-Gay-Bisexual-Transgender-Intersex) advocacy organizations in Southern Africa. GALZ is the country’s only gay rights group and the first one in the nation to start HIV/AIDS awareness campaigns. The … Read MoreGays and Lesbians of Zimbabwe (GALZ) (1990- )