(1997) Kweisi Mfume, “A Shining and Powerful Dream”

Kweisi Mfume, born Frizzel Gray in Baltimore, Maryland, represented that city in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1986 to 1996 and rose to become Chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus.  On February 15, 1996, he stepped down to become President of the National Association … Read More(1997) Kweisi Mfume, “A Shining and Powerful Dream”

(1995) Louis Farrakhan, “A Million Men Marching On”

Image Ownership: Public Domain In 1995 Minister Louis Farrakhan was the leader of the Nation of Islam.  That year his organization became the driving force in the Million Man March, a call for African American men to come to Washington D.C. on October 17, 1995, … Read More(1995) Louis Farrakhan, “A Million Men Marching On”

(1993) Nelson Mandela, “Nobel Peace Prize Address”

In 1993 South African political activist Nelson Mandela shared the annual Nobel Peace Prize with South African President F.W. de Klerk.  Mandela’s Nobel Peace Prize address on December 10, 1993 in Oslo, Norway appears below. Your Majesty the King, Your Royal Highness, Honourable Prime Minister, … Read More(1993) Nelson Mandela, “Nobel Peace Prize Address”

(1962) Nelson Mandela, “Address at the Conference of the Pan-African Freedom Movement of East and Central Africa”

In January 1962, Nelson Mandela, the emerging leader of the South African campaign against apartheid, spoke at a convention of Pan African advocates meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.  In that speech he outlined the history of the freedom struggle that he would one day personify. … Read More(1962) Nelson Mandela, “Address at the Conference of the Pan-African Freedom Movement of East and Central Africa”

(1980) Samora Machel, “Transform the State Apparatus into an Instrument of Victory”

Samora Machel, the leader of the Mozambique Liberation Front and first president of independent Mozambique (1975-1986), was a Marxist-Leninist.  In the speech below, given in Maputo, the capital, on February 7, 1980, he describes the use of the state bureaucracy in fashioning his version of … Read More(1980) Samora Machel, “Transform the State Apparatus into an Instrument of Victory”

(1983) Samora Machel “Every Revolution is a Contribution to Marxism”

In the following address given in Berlin, East Germany on April 11, 1983 at celebrations marking the centennial of the death of Karl Marx, Samora Machel, discusses the relevance of Marxist struggle to the Third World and especially to his nation, Mozambique. Dear comrades, with … Read More(1983) Samora Machel “Every Revolution is a Contribution to Marxism”

(1949) Nnamdi Azikiwe Speaks at a Rally for Nigerian Independence at Trafalgar Square, London

In 1949 it was far from clear as to whether or when Great Britain would grant independence to Nigeria.  Nonetheless 45 year old Nnamdi Azikiwe had already emerged as one of the leaders in the Nigerian independence campaign.  He and other Nigerian nationalists took that … Read More(1949) Nnamdi Azikiwe Speaks at a Rally for Nigerian Independence at Trafalgar Square, London

(1959) Nnamdi Azikiwe Speaks on the Role of Nigeria and other African States in World Politics

On July 31, 1959, Nigeria was slightly more than a year away from full independence from Great Britain.  On that day Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, Premier of Eastern Nigeria and National President of the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC), gave a speech to … Read More(1959) Nnamdi Azikiwe Speaks on the Role of Nigeria and other African States in World Politics

(1949) Nnamdi Azikiwe Speaks before the British Peace Conference in London

Nigerian independence leader Nnamdi Azikiwe appeared before the Plenary Session of the British Peace Congress held in London on  October 23, 1949.  He used that occasion to educate his audience about Nigeria and Africa. He also used the opportunity to remind the peace advocates that … Read More(1949) Nnamdi Azikiwe Speaks before the British Peace Conference in London

(1955) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “The University of Nigeria Speech”

On May 18, 1955 the Eastern House of Assembly, the regional legislature for Eastern Nigeria, moved a resolution to established the first university in Eastern Nigeria.  Nnamdi Azikiwe gave a speech seconding the motion introduced by the Eastern Region Minister of Education. That eastern university … Read More(1955) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “The University of Nigeria Speech”