The Evolution of Slavery in Virginia, 1619 to 1661

As you will see below, historians agree that the first twenty Africans landed in Virginia in 1619. What is in dispute is their exact status. Were they enslaved people from the beginning of their arrival or did they have some other status? Historian Malik Simba … Read MoreThe Evolution of Slavery in Virginia, 1619 to 1661

In the Heat of the West: Woody Strode, Sergeant Rutledge, and the Buffalo Soldier

In the article below independent historian Clarence Spigner analyzes Sergeant Rutledge and the other major films of the college football star, early National Football League player, and actor Woody Strode. Sergeant Rutledge is a 1960 western film from Warner Brothers and the director John Ford … Read MoreIn the Heat of the West: Woody Strode, Sergeant Rutledge, and the Buffalo Soldier

The Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies: A Brief History

In the article below, attorney and Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies Contributor Robert Gray describes the founding and early history of the oldest Black think tank in the United States. The Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies (formerly the Joint Center for … Read MoreThe Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies: A Brief History

Thaddeus H. Spratlen: Scholar and Philanthropist Generating Economic Change in Black America

On May 18, 2021, longtime University of Washington Professor Emeritus Thaddeus Spratlen died in Seattle, Washington at the age of 90. Few people knew his name, but his work transformed black economics in the United States. In the article below, Professor William Bradford, former Dean … Read MoreThaddeus H. Spratlen: Scholar and Philanthropist Generating Economic Change in Black America

CRITICAL RACE THEORY: A Brief History

In the article below, legal scholar Malik Simba explains the development of Critical Race Theory, the legal concept that has now become one of the most hotly debated topics in the ongoing cultural wars in the United States between political conservatives and political liberals. The … Read MoreCRITICAL RACE THEORY: A Brief History

We Can Best Honor Our Past by Not Burying It: The Tulsa Race Massacre of 1921

In the article that follows Syracuse University historian Herbert G. Ruffin II takes us back in time to describe the Tulsa Race Massacre of 1921 on the eve of its 100-year anniversary. African American life and the passing down of wealth from one generation to … Read MoreWe Can Best Honor Our Past by Not Burying It: The Tulsa Race Massacre of 1921

Go Anyplace But Here, Please: The Fight to Train Black Nurses in San Diego

In the article below, independent historian Robert Fikes describes a little-known civil rights campaign in the late 1920s to desegregate the nursing staff in San Diego area hospitals. The campaign for racial justice in San Diego and the United States is often portrayed as a … Read MoreGo Anyplace But Here, Please: The Fight to Train Black Nurses in San Diego

Manet Harrison And Stephen Fowler: The First Black Power Couple?

While scholars debate the first Power Couple of the 20th Century who were African American, Richard Selcer, a historian of the Fort Worth, Texas region, makes the case for the little-known couple, Manet and Stephen Fowler, of Fort Worth and New York City. See his … Read MoreManet Harrison And Stephen Fowler: The First Black Power Couple?

Dana, Wyoming, A Black Town in the Coal Mining West

In the following article Wyoming historian Brigida R. Blasi explores the history of now nearly forgotten Dana, a small predominately black coal mining town about 150 miles west of Cheyenne. Here is her account. The town of Dana has largely been forgotten in the history … Read MoreDana, Wyoming, A Black Town in the Coal Mining West

Injustice in Alaska Territory: The World War II Court-martial of Ten Black Soldiers Who Helped Build the ALCAN Highway

In their latest book on the Black soldiers who helped build the Alcan Highway during World War II, authors Christine and Dennis McClure encountered a story of injustice in the frigid north. See a description of their new book, A Different Race, to get a … Read MoreInjustice in Alaska Territory: The World War II Court-martial of Ten Black Soldiers Who Helped Build the ALCAN Highway