(1885) General Act of the Conference of Berlin

General Act of the Conference of Berlin Berlin, Germany Signed February 26, 1885 CHAPTER I DECLARATION RELATIVE TO FREEDOM OF TRADE IN THE BASIN OF THE CONGO, ITS MOUTHS AND CIRCUMJACENT REGIONS, WITH OTHER PROVISIONS CONNECTED THEREWITH Article I The trade of all nations shall … Read More(1885) General Act of the Conference of Berlin

(1890) George Washington Williams’s Open Letter to King Leopold on the Congo

  Image Ownership: Public Domain George Washington Williams, “An Open Letter to His Serene Majesty Leopold II, King of the Belgians and Sovereign of the Independent State of Congo By Colonel, The Honorable Geo. W. Williams, of the United States of America,” 1890 Good and … Read More(1890) George Washington Williams’s Open Letter to King Leopold on the Congo

(1900) The Uganda Agreement

The Uganda Agreement of 1900 We, the undersigned, to wit, Sir Henry Hamilton Johnston, K.C.B., Her Majesty’s Special Commissioner, Commander-in-Chief and Consul-General for the Uganda Protectorate and the adjoining Territories, on behalf of Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India, … Read More(1900) The Uganda Agreement

(1947) W.E.B. DuBois, “An Appeal to the World : A Statement of Denial of Human Rights to Minorities…”

(1947) W.E.B. DuBois, “An Appeal to the World : A Statement of Denial of Human Rights to Minorities in the Case of citizens of Negro Descent in the United States of America and an Appeal to the United Nations for Redress.” Introduction There are in … Read More(1947) W.E.B. DuBois, “An Appeal to the World : A Statement of Denial of Human Rights to Minorities…”

(1948) United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights

PREAMBLE Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world, Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which … Read More(1948) United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights

(1960) Patrice Lumumba’s Last Letter to Pauline Lumumba

My beloved companion, I write you these words not knowing whether you will receive them, when you will receive them, and whether I will still be alive when you read them. Throughout my struggle for the independence of my country, I have never doubted for … Read More(1960) Patrice Lumumba’s Last Letter to Pauline Lumumba

(1963) Founding Charter of the Organization of African Unity

Founding Charter of the Organization of African Unity May 25, 1963 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia We, the Heads of African States and Governments assembled in the City of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Convinced that it is the inalienable right of all people to control their own destiny, … Read More(1963) Founding Charter of the Organization of African Unity

(1967) Biafra’s Declaration of Independence

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu Declaration of Biafra Fellow countrymen and women, you, the people of Eastern Nigeria: Conscious of the supreme authority of Almighty God over all mankind, of your duty to yourselves and posterity; Aware that you can no longer be protected in your lives … Read More(1967) Biafra’s Declaration of Independence