(1919) W.E.B. DuBois, “Returning Soldiers,” Editorial from The Crisis

In a July 1918 editorial in The Crisis, W.E.B. DuBois urged African Americans to set aside their differences with their countrymen over the nation’s treatment of its black citizens and “close ranks” in the war against Imperial Germany and its Allies. Ten months later, after … Read More(1919) W.E.B. DuBois, “Returning Soldiers,” Editorial from The Crisis

(1918) W.E.B. Du Bois, “Close Ranks,” Editorial from The Crisis

In July 1918, W.E.B. Du Bois, editor of The Crisis, the official publication of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, wrote the editorial below titled “Close Ranks” in which he urged African Americans to forget “our special grievances” and support the World … Read More(1918) W.E.B. Du Bois, “Close Ranks,” Editorial from The Crisis

(1901) William Hooper Councill’s Letter to the White People of Alabama

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” Most scholars of today imagine Booker T. Washington as the major accommodationist and black political conservative of the era.  There were others including Professor William Hooper Councill, the founder and  first President of the Huntsville Normal School which today is Alabama … Read More(1901) William Hooper Councill’s Letter to the White People of Alabama

(1998) Anne Wortham, “Martin Luther King’s Flawed Dream”

In the speech below conservative critic Anne Wortham challenges the central theme of universal brotherhood as promoted in Dr. Martin Luther King’s often quoted “I Have A Dream Speech.”  She argues that King failed to recognize individual success and failure as the causes of racial … Read More(1998) Anne Wortham, “Martin Luther King’s Flawed Dream”

(1901) William Hannibal Thomas on the American Negro

“Image Ownership: Pubilc Domain” Nineteenth Century black conservative William Hannibal Thomas was a Civil War veteran, Reconstruction era South Carolina politician, and U.S. counsel to Portuguese Southwest Africa (Angola).  He is most famous however as the author of the 1901 book, The American Negro: What … Read More(1901) William Hannibal Thomas on the American Negro