The 1972 Southern University Shooting

Southern University, in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, is the largest historically Black college in the nation. In 1970, over 10,000 Black students attended the university. Although the school president and most of the administration were Black, the university itself was under the control of the Louisiana … Read MoreThe 1972 Southern University Shooting

The Birmingham Children’s Crusade (May 1963)

Early in 1963, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) leaders, Dr. Martin Luther King, Reverend Ralph Abernathy, and local Birmingham leader of the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights Fred Shuttlesworth came together to lead a campaign to desegregate Birmingham, Alabama, a city notorious for its … Read MoreThe Birmingham Children’s Crusade (May 1963)

Mississippi Black Codes, 1865-1866

Following the passage of the 13th Amendment on January 31, 1865, slavery was officially ended throughout the United States, including in the eleven former Confederate States. Almost immediately governments in these states began a process to reestablish white supremacy in the law. The result was … Read MoreMississippi Black Codes, 1865-1866

Formation of the Buffalo Soldiers, 1866

On July 28, 1866, the Thirty-Ninth Congress passed the Act to increase and fix the Military Peace Establishment of the United States; thus the federal government created six all-Colored Army Regiments. The units identified as the 9th and 10th Colored Cavalry Regiments and the 38th, … Read MoreFormation of the Buffalo Soldiers, 1866