25th Infantry Regiment (1866-1947)

When the U.S. Army was reorganized on July 28, 1866 for peacetime service after the American Civil War, six regiments were set aside for black enlisted men.  These included four infantry regiments, numbered 38th through 41st.  The 25th Infantry was created during a reduction in March 1869 by … Read More25th Infantry Regiment (1866-1947)

25th Infantry Bicycle Corps (1896-97)

The 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps was a unit of black soldiers commanded by a white officer, Lt. James A. Moss, which was formed in 1896 to test the combat viability of bicycle-mounted troops by riding from Missoula, Montana to Saint Louis, Missouri. Moss, a West Point graduate and … Read More25th Infantry Bicycle Corps (1896-97)

Jerome R. Riley (1840-1929)

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" Jerome R. Riley, medical doctor, author, political and civil rights activist, was born in St. Catharines, Canada West on March 17, 1840 to Isaac and Catherine Riley. His father and mother were runaway slaves who made their way from Perry County, … Read MoreJerome R. Riley (1840-1929)

Ida Gray Nelson Rollins (1867-1953)

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” Ida Gray Nelson Rollins, the first African American Woman dentist, was born in Clarksville, Tennessee, on March 4, 1867.  She became an orphan when her mother, Jennie Gray, died in her early teens.  Rollins’ white father, whose name is not known, … Read MoreIda Gray Nelson Rollins (1867-1953)

James Edwards (1871-1951)

James Edwards was one of the most successful African American homesteaders in the state of Wyoming.  Born in Ohio on February 14, 1871, local tradition in Wyoming suggests that prior to venturing west, Edwards had served in an African American cavalry unit in Cuba, though … Read MoreJames Edwards (1871-1951)

24th Infantry Regiment (1866-1951)

Twenty-Fourth Infantry Soldiers at Yosemite Park Image Ownership: Public Domain When the U.S. Army was reorganized on July 28, 1866 for peacetime service after the American Civil War, six regiments were set aside for black enlisted men.  These included four infantry regiments, numbered 38th through … Read More24th Infantry Regiment (1866-1951)

10th Cavalry Regiment (1866–1944)

Image Ownership: Public Domain The 10th Cavalry was one of the original six regiments of the regular army set aside for black enlisted men.  These were authorized by Congress in the act of July 28, 1866 reorganizing the army for post-Civil War service, mainly against … Read More10th Cavalry Regiment (1866–1944)

9th Cavalry Regiment (1866-1944)

Ninth Cavalry at Fort Davis, Texas, ca. 1877 Image Ownership: Public Domain The 9th Cavalry was one of the original six regiments of the regular U.S. Army set aside for black enlisted men.  These were authorized by Congress in the act of July 28, 1866 … Read More9th Cavalry Regiment (1866-1944)