Andrew Ward

Independent Historian

Andrew Ward is the author of several award winning historical works including River Run Red: The Fort Pillow Massacre in the American Civil War; Our Bones Are Scattered: The Cawnpore Massacres in the Indian Mutiny of 1857;and Dark Midnight When I Rise: The Story of the Fisk Jubilee Singers. A former contributing editor and essayist at the Atlantic Monthly, commentator for NPR’s All Things Considered, and columnist for the Washington Post, Ward has also written numerous articles for American Heritage and National Geographic, and documentary screenplays for WGBH and the Hallmark Channel.

America W. Robinson (ca 1855-post 1920)

Image Courtesy of Fisk University Special Collections Fisk Jubilee Singer and educator America W. Robinson was born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee in 1855. Though America’s father was his master’s half brother, he enjoyed no special privileges; when his white relations ran into financial difficulty, they sold … Read MoreAmerica W. Robinson (ca 1855-post 1920)

Jennie Jackson (1852 –1910)

Image Courtesy of Andrew Ward Jennie Jackson, Fisk Jubilee Singer, folklorist & impresario, was the granddaughter of President Andrew Jackson’s almost lifelong body servant. Jackson’s mother had been born a slave, and her father, George, also enslaved, had died before Jennie was born. But because … Read MoreJennie Jackson (1852 –1910)

Frederick J. Loudin (1840-1904)

Image Courtesy of Fisk University Franklin Library’s Special Collections Frederick J. Loudin, teacher, impresario, manufacturer and Fisk Jubilee Singer, had a bass voice the likes of which no one would hear again until the emergence of Roland Hayes and Paul Robeson. At thirty-four, he would … Read MoreFrederick J. Loudin (1840-1904)