Leo Lythel Robinson (1937–2013)

“Image Courtesy of David Bacon” A rank-and-file activist in the International Longshore & Warehouse Union (ILWU), Leo Robinson was best known for fighting apartheid by helping lead a massive boycott of South African cargo that galvanized anti-apartheid movement in California‘s San Francisco Bay Area in … Read MoreLeo Lythel Robinson (1937–2013)

William H. Chester (1914-1985)

Dr. Martin Luther King with Bill Chester, January 25, 1963 “Image Courtesy of Anne Rand Library, International Longshore and Warehouse Union” William “Bill” Chester, Vice President and Assistant to Harry Bridges, President of the International Longshoremen and Warehouse Union (ILWU), was the highest ranking African … Read MoreWilliam H. Chester (1914-1985)

Kingston, Jamaica (1692– )

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" Kingston, the capital of Jamaica, was founded in July 1692 when an earthquake destroyed the nearby city of Port Royal. The most recent census puts its population at 937,700. Today Kingston is the center of trade, manufacturing, and shipping for the … Read MoreKingston, Jamaica (1692– )

Thomas Mboya (Joseph Odhiambo) (1930-1969)

Image Ownership: Public Domain Tom Mboya, born on August 15, 1930 in Kilimambogo, Kenya on a sisal plantation estate, was a Kenyan nationalist, trade union leader, and government minister. His parents were Luo agricultural workers who, as recently converted Catholics, sent him to mission schools … Read MoreThomas Mboya (Joseph Odhiambo) (1930-1969)

Obafemi Awolowo (1909-1985)

Chief Obafemi Awolowo in Washington, D.C., March 20, 1956 Image ©Jim Mahan/Bettmann/Corbis Nigerian nationalist, politician, lawyer, statesman, and chancellor, Chief Jeremiah Obafemi Awolowo was born on March 6, 1909 in Ogun State, Nigeria, where he commenced his political career. Awolowo attended various local schools in Ogun … Read MoreObafemi Awolowo (1909-1985)

James v. Marinship (1944)

Marinship Workers, ca. 1943 Image Ownership: Public Domain James v. Marinship was a California Supreme Court decision that ruled that jobs requiring labor union membership could not exclude blacks or other racial groups.  The Marinship Corporation operated various shipyards and was involved in the building … Read MoreJames v. Marinship (1944)