Tirailleurs Sénégalais in the Indochina War (1947-1954)

Battle of Dien Bien Phu, 1954 Image Ownership: Public Domain The Indochina War (1947-1954) pitted the French Colonial government against the Vietminh, the Communist Vietnamese devoted to the liberation of their country from French colonial rule.  During that conflict the French used thousands of Tirailleurs … Read MoreTirailleurs Sénégalais in the Indochina War (1947-1954)

African Democratic Rally (1946- )

African Leaders at RDA Conference at Bamako, 1957 Image Ownership: Public Domain The African Democratic Rally, known as Rassemblement Démocratique Africain (RDA), was the first French-speaking Pan-African organization.  Created in 1946 at Bamako, Sudan (now Mali), it emerged when African nationalist and anti-colonialist movements were … Read MoreAfrican Democratic Rally (1946- )

Pan Africanist Congress of Azania

Pan Africanist Congress 2008 Commemoration of the 32nd Anniversary of the Soweto Uprising Image Ownership: Public Domain The Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) was officially established on April 5-6, 1959 with the goal of ending white domination in South Africa and returning the land to its … Read MorePan Africanist Congress of Azania

South African Students’ Organization (SASO)

Steve Biko, Founder of the South African Students Association Image Ownership: Public Domain The South African Students’ Organization (SASO) emerged as a unique group that re-established opposition to the South African government’s apartheid system "aboveground," as opposed to other black resistance movements that previously had … Read MoreSouth African Students’ Organization (SASO)

Tirailleurs Senegalais

Tirailleurs Senegalais in World War I France Image Ownership: Public Domain The Tirailleurs Senegalais were West African Colonial Army troops who fought for the French during World War I, World War II, and in numerous conquest, police, and colonial counterinsurgency operations. Despite the name, the … Read MoreTirailleurs Senegalais

Ligue Universelle pour la Défense de la Race Noire (1924)

George Marke, Prince Kojo Tovalou-Houenou, and Marcus Garvey, 1924 Image Ownership: Public Domain The Ligue Universelle pour la Défense de la Race Noire (LUDRN) was a Pan-African association created on April 30, 1924, by Kojo Tovalou Houénou known as Tovalou, descendant of the last King … Read MoreLigue Universelle pour la Défense de la Race Noire (1924)

Partido de Independiente de Color (Cuba, 1908-1912)

Members of the Partido de Independiente de Color de Cuba Image Ownership: Public Domain Founded in August of 1908 by veterans of Cuba’s War for Independence, El Partido de Independiente de Color (PIC) became the Caribbean’s first 20th century black political party.  Created to support … Read MorePartido de Independiente de Color (Cuba, 1908-1912)

Operation Crossroads Africa (1958- )

Building a School Near Kitale, Kenya, Crossroads Africa, 1980 Image Ownership: Public Domain Operation Crossroads Africa (OCA), founded in 1958 by Dr. James H. Robinson, is a non-profit organization which provides individuals with a seven-week experience in Africa. Founded on the principle that cultural immersion … Read MoreOperation Crossroads Africa (1958- )