25th Infantry Regiment (1866-1947)

When the U.S. Army was reorganized on July 28, 1866 for peacetime service after the American Civil War, six regiments were set aside for black enlisted men.  These included four infantry regiments, numbered 38th through 41st.  The 25th Infantry was created during a reduction in March 1869 by … Read More25th Infantry Regiment (1866-1947)

Battle of Lake Okeechobee (1837)

On Christmas Day, 1837, during the Second Seminole War, the Africans and Native Americans comprising Florida’s Seminole Nation defeated a superior US fighting force. In more than half a century of Florida invasions, this was the worst defeat the Seminole Nation inflicted on the American … Read MoreBattle of Lake Okeechobee (1837)

William Robison (1821-1899)

Image Ownership: Public Domain California pioneer, expressman, and civil rights worker William Robison was born a slave in Gloucester County, Virginia on August 28, 1821.  He may have gained his freedom by fighting in the Seminole War in 1836.  He would have been 15 at … Read MoreWilliam Robison (1821-1899)

24th Infantry Regiment (1866-1951)

Twenty-Fourth Infantry Soldiers at Yosemite Park Image Ownership: Public Domain When the U.S. Army was reorganized on July 28, 1866 for peacetime service after the American Civil War, six regiments were set aside for black enlisted men.  These included four infantry regiments, numbered 38th through … Read More24th Infantry Regiment (1866-1951)

10th Cavalry Regiment (1866–1944)

Image Ownership: Public Domain The 10th Cavalry was one of the original six regiments of the regular army set aside for black enlisted men.  These were authorized by Congress in the act of July 28, 1866 reorganizing the army for post-Civil War service, mainly against … Read More10th Cavalry Regiment (1866–1944)

Pompey Factor (1849–1928)

  Image Ownership: Public Domain Pompey Factor, former slave, scout for the United States Army and Congressional Medal of Honor winner, was born in Arkansas in 1849 to Hardy Factor, a black Seminole chief and an unknown Biloxi Indian woman. By the end of that … Read MorePompey Factor (1849–1928)

Texas Seminole Scouts

Image Ownership: Public Domain The Texas Seminole Scouts were descendants of runaway slaves who fled into Florida before the Civil War.  The offer of freedom by the Spanish greatly encouraged South Carolina and Georgia slaves to vote for freedom with their feet.  The blacks cooperated … Read MoreTexas Seminole Scouts

John Horse (1812?-1882)

John Horse, also known as Juan Caballo, John Cowaya, or Gopher John was the dominant personality in Seminole Maroon affairs for half a century.  He counseled Seminole leaders, served as an agent of the U.S. government, and became a Mexican Army officer.  He served the … Read MoreJohn Horse (1812?-1882)