Independent Historian

Nicole Campbell is a graduating high school senior with plans to major in Neuroscience and minor in French. After graduation, she hopes to continue to promote social justice through the medical profession. As a writer for BlackPast, she looks forward to illuminating the contributions of the diverse African American figures whose work impacts and inspires us, today and into the future.

Michael D.L. Johnson (1982- )

Dr. Michael Johnson, microbial biologist and immunobiology professor at the University of Arizona, is currently researching the efficacy of copper as an inhibitor of coronavirus’ spread and replication. Johnson was born in 1982 into a single-parent household in Chicago, Illinois. His academic journey began at … Read MoreMichael D.L. Johnson (1982- )

The Saltwater Railroad (1821-1861)

The “Saltwater Railroad” refers to the coastal waterway followed by many enslaved people escaping from the Southern slave states into the British-controlled Bahamas. The saltwater railroad served a similar function as the Underground Railroad, a land pathway, that allowed enslaved people to flee to northern … Read MoreThe Saltwater Railroad (1821-1861)