Toussaint L’Ouverture (1742-1803)

Known to his contemporaries as “The Black Napoleon,” Toussaint L’Ouverture was a former slave who rose to become the leader of the only successful slave revolt in modern history that created an independent state, the Haitian Revolution. Born into slavery on May 20, 1743 in the French colony of Saint … Read MoreToussaint L’Ouverture (1742-1803)

Castries, St. Lucia (1650 – )

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” Castries, capital of St. Lucia, is also the largest city on the island.  The latest estimates show its population as about 20,000.  St. Lucia with a total population of 163,362 (July 2014 est.) is part of the Windward Islands chain which … Read MoreCastries, St. Lucia (1650 – )

Bamako, Mali (11th Century– )

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” Bamako, with a population of 1.8 million, is the largest city in the Republic of Mali. It serves as Mali’s seat of government and the country’s economic and cultural center. The city is located in the southwestern corner of Mali, along … Read MoreBamako, Mali (11th Century– )

Maputo, Mozambique (1721- )

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” Maputo, (formerly known as “Delagoa Bay” and “Lourenco Marques”) is the largest city in the Republic of Mozambique and the country’s political and economic center. The city is located along the south Indian Ocean coast of Mozambique and has a population … Read MoreMaputo, Mozambique (1721- )

Mbabane, Swaziland (1887- )

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” Mbabane is the capital of Swaziland and is located on the Mbabane River and its tributary the Polinjane River in the Mdimba Mountains. It is the second largest city in the country. The city’s name comes from an African Chief, Mbabane … Read MoreMbabane, Swaziland (1887- )

Maseru, Lesotho (1869- )

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” Maseru is the capital of Lesotho as well as its largest city. Maseru, a Sesotho word, means “place of the sandstone.” The city is situated along the west central border between Lesotho and South Africa on the Calderon River.  The 2006 … Read MoreMaseru, Lesotho (1869- )

Harare, Zimbabwe (1890- )

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” Harare (formerly known as “Fort Salisbury” or “Salisbury”) is the largest city in Zimbabwe with a population of 1.6 million. It serves as Zimbabwe’s seat of government and Zimbabwe’s commercial and industrial center.  The city is located in Northern Zimbabwe in … Read MoreHarare, Zimbabwe (1890- )

Boko Haram (2002- )

School Girls Kidnapped By Boko Haram, 2014 "Image Ownership: Public Domain" Nigerian militant Islamist group Boko Haram was founded by Mohammed Yusuf in the north-eastern city of Maiduguri in 2002.The official Arabic name of the group is Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati wal-Jihad, which means “People … Read MoreBoko Haram (2002- )