The Italo-Abyssinian War (1889–1896)

Ethiopian Soldiers in the Italian-Ethiopian War, 1889-1896 Image Ownership: Public Domain” Following the Partition of Africa during the Berlin Conference of 1885, Prime Minister Francesco Crispi of Italy began his nation’s colonization in Africa. Italy focused on the Red Sea because of its trade routes … Read MoreThe Italo-Abyssinian War (1889–1896)

Boko Haram (2002- )

School Girls Kidnapped By Boko Haram, 2014 "Image Ownership: Public Domain" Nigerian militant Islamist group Boko Haram was founded by Mohammed Yusuf in the north-eastern city of Maiduguri in 2002.The official Arabic name of the group is Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati wal-Jihad, which means “People … Read MoreBoko Haram (2002- )

Thomas Mboya (Joseph Odhiambo) (1930-1969)

Image Ownership: Public Domain Tom Mboya, born on August 15, 1930 in Kilimambogo, Kenya on a sisal plantation estate, was a Kenyan nationalist, trade union leader, and government minister. His parents were Luo agricultural workers who, as recently converted Catholics, sent him to mission schools … Read MoreThomas Mboya (Joseph Odhiambo) (1930-1969)

Obafemi Awolowo (1909-1985)

Chief Obafemi Awolowo in Washington, D.C., March 20, 1956 Image ©Jim Mahan/Bettmann/Corbis Nigerian nationalist, politician, lawyer, statesman, and chancellor, Chief Jeremiah Obafemi Awolowo was born on March 6, 1909 in Ogun State, Nigeria, where he commenced his political career. Awolowo attended various local schools in Ogun … Read MoreObafemi Awolowo (1909-1985)

Haitian Invasions and Occupation of Santo Domingo (1801-1844)

  Image Ownership: Public Domain The Spanish colony of Santo Domingo (now the Dominican Republic) would be the target of aggression from its Hispaniola neighbor, French-ruled Saint-Domingue (now Haiti), in the early nineteenth century culminating in a twenty-two year occupation which would have long term … Read MoreHaitian Invasions and Occupation of Santo Domingo (1801-1844)

Jean-Bédel Bokassa (1921-1996)

  Image courtesy of ©Bettmann-Corbis Jean-Bédel Bokassa, longtime dictator and military leader of the Central African Republic, was born in Bobangui, Oubangui-Chari, French Equatorial Africa (present-day Central African Republic) on February 22, 1921. Bokassa’s father, a village chief of the Mbaka people, was murdered in … Read MoreJean-Bédel Bokassa (1921-1996)

John Chilembwe (c. 1871-1915)

John Chilembwe and Family Image Ownership: Public Domain John Chilembwe was a Baptist educator and political leader who organized an uprising against British colonial rule in Nyasaland (today Malawi). Though details about Chilembwe’s early life are largely undocumented, it is believed that he was born … Read MoreJohn Chilembwe (c. 1871-1915)