Charlotte Hinger

Independent Historian

Charlotte Hinger, is a novelist and Western Kansas Historian. She earned an MA in history at Fort Hays State University. Her historical novel, Come Spring, (Simon and Schuster, 1986) won the Western Writers of America Medicine Pipe Bearer’s award. She was the editor of two comprehensive hardcover volumes of family and county narratives. (Sheridan County, Kansas; A History of Faith and Labor, 1984,1985) She has served on the board of the Kansas State Historical Society and is on the editorial board of Heritage of the Great Plains.  

Hinger has published a number of mystery short stories, and historical articles focusing on the American West. Her article, “’The Colored People Hold The Key’: Abram Thompson Hall, Jr.’s Campaign to Organize Graham County,” (Kansas History, Spring 2008) won first place in the Westerners International 2008 articles contest. Deadly Descent, the first book in a new mystery series was published by Poisoned Pen Press in 2009. She is working on her second mystery and an academic book about 19th century African American politicians in Kansas and their impact on the settlement of the West.  

Clarence Clyde Ferguson, Jr. (1924-1983)

Clarence Clyde Ferguson was appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Uganda on March 17, 1970 by President Richard Nixon. He presented his credentials June 30, 1970 and terminated his mission on July 19, 1972. Ferguson was born November 4, 1924 in Wilmington, North Carolina to … Read MoreClarence Clyde Ferguson, Jr. (1924-1983)

Samuel Z. Westerfield (1920-1972)

Ambassador Samuel Westerfield, his wife, Helene, and Their Son, Samuel Westerfield III in Monrovia, ca. 1971. Samuel Z. Westerfield, Jr., a Career Foreign Service Officer, was appointed ambassador to Liberia July 8, 1969 with the title of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. He died of a … Read MoreSamuel Z. Westerfield (1920-1972)

Gail Dennise Mathieu (1951?- )

Ambassador Gail Dennise Mathieu with Niger Officials in Niamey, Niger, 2003 “Image Ownership: Public Domain” Gail Dennise Mathieu, a career member of the Senior Foreign Service, was appointed United States Ambassador to Niger by President George W. Bush in 2002. She remained in Niamey, the … Read MoreGail Dennise Mathieu (1951?- )

John Wayne Niles (1842 — ?)

Nicodemus Street Scene, ca. 1885 "Image Ownership: Public Domain" John W. Niles was one of the founders of Nicodemus, Kansas, the first black community on the High Plains. Niles was born into slavery in Mississippi in 1842 to a European father and a black mother … Read MoreJohn Wayne Niles (1842 — ?)

Abram Thompson, Jr. Hall (1851-1951)

Nicodemus, ca. 1880 "Image Ownership: Public Domain" Abram Thompson Hall, Jr., a northern journalist, forced the organization of Graham County after arriving in Nicodemus, Kansas, the first all-black community on the high plains. The county’s rapidly increasing white population objected, but Kansas Governor John Pierce … Read MoreAbram Thompson, Jr. Hall (1851-1951)

William Lewis Eagleson (1835-1899)

William Lewis Eagleson published the Colored Citizen, the first black-owned newspaper in Kansas. He was born a slave August 9, 1835 in St. Louis, Missouri. The Colored Citizen originated at Fort Scott, Kansas, January 1878. Eagleson moved the paper to Topeka, Kansas in July1878 because … Read MoreWilliam Lewis Eagleson (1835-1899)

Kansas Emancipation League (1862)

Image Ownership: Public Domain The Kansas Emancipation League’s primary goal was “to bring about emancipation throughout the whole land.” It was initiated at the First Baptist Church in Leavenworth, Kansas in 1862. It also pledged to “support the war until its successful termination,” put an … Read MoreKansas Emancipation League (1862)

William Bolden Townsend (1854-1917)

Image courtesy of Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The New York Public Library William Bolden Townsend, journalist, educator, lawyer, and politician gained fame through his campaigns against racist violence. He was born into slavery at Huntsville, Alabama … Read MoreWilliam Bolden Townsend (1854-1917)

Racial Uplift, Black Power, and Reparations on the Kansas Frontier: Abram T. Hall, Edward P. McCabe, and John W. Niles

Nicodemus Kansas, 1885 "Image Courtsey of Kansas Historical Society" In the article below independent historian Charlotte Hinger explores the concept of racial uplift, black electoral power and reparations for slavery in the ideals of three early citizens of Nicodemus, the most famous 19th Century black … Read MoreRacial Uplift, Black Power, and Reparations on the Kansas Frontier: Abram T. Hall, Edward P. McCabe, and John W. Niles