(1932) Angelo Herndon Addresses His Jury

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” Angelo Herndon was an African-American Communist organizer who, after working on behalf of poor and unemployed blacks and whites in Atlanta, Georgia, was charged with “insurrection” in 1932. In his defense, Herndon spoke directly to the all-white jury and, though he … Read More(1932) Angelo Herndon Addresses His Jury

(1950) Ralph Bunche, “Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech”

In 1950 Ralph Bunche, a political scientist by training and then an official of the United Nations, became the first African American to win the Nobel Peace Prize.  His brief acceptance address delivered on December 10, 1950 in Oslo, Norway appears below. Your Majesty, Your Royal … Read More(1950) Ralph Bunche, “Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech”

(1934) W.E.B. Du Bois, “A Negro Nation Within a Nation”

W.E.B Du Bois, a founding member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) through most of his life was a staunch integrationist.  In 1934 however he advanced the argument that since integration would not happen in the nation any time soon, … Read More(1934) W.E.B. Du Bois, “A Negro Nation Within a Nation”

(1948) Hubert Humphrey, “No Compromises”

Hubert Humphrey Speaking at the 1948 Democratic Convention Image Courtesy of ©Bettmann/CORBIS In 1948 Hubert H. Humphrey, then Mayor of Minneapolis, was named one of  the 119 members of the Platform Committee at the 1948 Democratic National Convention held in Philadelphia.  Humphrey, a relatively unknown … Read More(1948) Hubert Humphrey, “No Compromises”

(1923) Marcus Garvey, “A Last Word Before Incarceration”

In 1923 Marcus Garvey was convicted on federal charges of mail fraud in connection with the sale of stock in the Universal Negro Improvement Association’s Black Star Line.  Sentenced to prison, Garvey delivered his last address before a crowd at Liberty Hall in New York … Read More(1923) Marcus Garvey, “A Last Word Before Incarceration”

(1903) W.E.B. Du Bois, “Training Negroes for Social Power”

In this 1903 article published in The Outlook, a New York magazine, W.E.B. Du Bois, then teaching at Atlanta University, describes his educational philosophy and in the process, contrasts his views with those of the Tuskegee educator Booker T. Washington who was then at the … Read More(1903) W.E.B. Du Bois, “Training Negroes for Social Power”

(1928) Henry F. Coleman, “The Philosophy of the Race Problem (From a Negro’s Viewpoint)”

Very little is known about Henry F. Coleman including the actual date of his 1928 speech which appears below.  Nonetheless, it is included because it is a good example of the “defense of the race” speech so common in the late 19th and early 20th … Read More(1928) Henry F. Coleman, “The Philosophy of the Race Problem (From a Negro’s Viewpoint)”

(1921) Marcus Garvey “Address to the Second UNIA Convention”

By 1921 the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) was well on its way to becoming the largest predominately black organization in the world.  Marcus Garvey, the UNIA’s founder, however, already recognized W.E.B. Du Bois and the NAACP as its chief rival.  In his closing night … Read More(1921) Marcus Garvey “Address to the Second UNIA Convention”

(1948) Hubert Humphrey, “Speech at the Democratic National Convention”

Hubert Humphrey Shortly After Giving His Civil Rights Speech at the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia in 1948. When the Democratic National Convention met in Philadelphia in July, 1948, Minneapolis, Minnesota’s 37  year old mayor, Hubert H. Humphrey, was a candidate for the U.S. Senate.  … Read More(1948) Hubert Humphrey, “Speech at the Democratic National Convention”