(1953) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “Speech on Secession”

In 1953 when Northern Nigerians were beginning to consider secession from the Nigerian colony that would soon be a nation, Nnamdi Azikiwe gave a speech before the caucus of his political party, the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC) in Yaba, Nigeria on … Read More(1953) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “Speech on Secession”

(1959) Nnamdi Azikiwe Honors Kwame Nkrumah on his Visit to Eastern Nigeria

In 1957 Ghana became the first nation in sub-Saharan Africa to win its independence from a colonial power (Great Britain).  The independence struggle was led by Kwame Nkrumah who became the nation’s first Prime Minister.  Nkrumah visited Nigeria in 1959.  He specifically toured Eastern Nigeria … Read More(1959) Nnamdi Azikiwe Honors Kwame Nkrumah on his Visit to Eastern Nigeria

(1959) Nnamdi Azikiwe Addresses the NAACP Convention on the Organization’s 50th Anniversary

Nnamdi Azikiwe, by now the best know nationalist leader in Nigeria, addressed the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) at its 50th anniversary celebration at the Polo Grounds, New York City, July 19, 1959. His speech appears below. I am greatly indebted … Read More(1959) Nnamdi Azikiwe Addresses the NAACP Convention on the Organization’s 50th Anniversary

(1949) Nnamdi Azikiwe Addresses Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity at its 35th Annual Convention in Washington, D.C.

Here Nnamdi Azikiwe, future first President of Nigeria, delivers an address to his fellow fraternity members at the Banneker High School Auditorium, Washington, D.C., on December 27, 1949, at the 35th Anniversary of the Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity. I have travelled 8,500 miles in order … Read More(1949) Nnamdi Azikiwe Addresses Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity at its 35th Annual Convention in Washington, D.C.

(1949) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “Address to the Ibo People”

In the following address given eleven years before Nigerian independence, Nnamdi Azikiwe calls for self-determination for the Ibo as they along with other ethnic groups march toward an inevitably free Nigeria.  This address was delivered at  the Ibo State Assembly held at Aba, Nigeria, on … Read More(1949) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “Address to the Ibo People”

(1963) Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “Chancellor’s Address at the University of Ibadan”

On November 17, 1948 the University of Ibadan became the first modern institution of higher education in Nigeria when it began as an external college of the University of London.  Fifteen years later the University became independent of all ties with the British university.   Sir … Read More(1963) Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “Chancellor’s Address at the University of Ibadan”

(1963) Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “Addis Ababa”

What follows is the speech by Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa on the occasion of the creation of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) at Addis Abba, Ethiopia, on May 24, 1963. Your Imperial Majesty, Mr. President, Your Excellencies, First, I want to express the thanks … Read More(1963) Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “Addis Ababa”

(1960) Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “Independence Day”

On Saturday, October 1, 1960, Nigeria became an independent nation.  What follows is Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa’s speech delivered at Tafawa Balewa Square in Lagos at the Independence Ceremony.   Today is Independence Day. The first of October 1960 is a date to which for … Read More(1960) Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “Independence Day”

(1957) Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “First Speech as Prime Minister”

By 1957 Nigeria was clearly on the path toward independence.  In preparation the British Government named Abubakar Tafawa Balewa the first Prime Minister of the soon to be independent nation in a power sharing agreement among the colony’s three major political parties.  In the following … Read More(1957) Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “First Speech as Prime Minister”

(1960) Patrice Lumumba, “National Radio Address”

  The political situation in the Congo deteriorated rapidly after it gained independence on June 30, 1960.  By July Belgian paratroopers had arrived in Stanleyville, the capital of Katanga province, attacking the Congolese army and police in a bid to aid the province in resisting … Read More(1960) Patrice Lumumba, “National Radio Address”