(1949) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “A Denunciation of European Imperialism”

As the post-World War II campaign for African independence heated up, young leaders such as Nigeria’s Nnamdi Azikiwe (who would eventually become the first President of Nigeria), carried their arguments to Great Britain.  On October 23, 1949 Azikiwe spoke at the Plenary Session of the … Read More(1949) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “A Denunciation of European Imperialism”

(1949) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “Address to the Ibo People”

In the following address given eleven years before Nigerian independence, Nnamdi Azikiwe calls for self-determination for the Ibo as they along with other ethnic groups march toward an inevitably free Nigeria.  This address was delivered at  the Ibo State Assembly held at Aba, Nigeria, on … Read More(1949) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “Address to the Ibo People”

(1953) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “Speech on Secession”

In 1953 when Northern Nigerians were beginning to consider secession from the Nigerian colony that would soon be a nation, Nnamdi Azikiwe gave a speech before the caucus of his political party, the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC) in Yaba, Nigeria on … Read More(1953) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “Speech on Secession”

(1955) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “The University of Nigeria Speech”

On May 18, 1955 the Eastern House of Assembly, the regional legislature for Eastern Nigeria, moved a resolution to established the first university in Eastern Nigeria.  Nnamdi Azikiwe gave a speech seconding the motion introduced by the Eastern Region Minister of Education. That eastern university … Read More(1955) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “The University of Nigeria Speech”

(1957) Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “First Speech as Prime Minister”

By 1957 Nigeria was clearly on the path toward independence.  In preparation the British Government named Abubakar Tafawa Balewa the first Prime Minister of the soon to be independent nation in a power sharing agreement among the colony’s three major political parties.  In the following … Read More(1957) Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “First Speech as Prime Minister”

(1957) Alhaji Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “Unity and Diversity in Independence”

In 1957 the Nigerian House of Representatives passed a motion requesting Independence from Great Britain and calling on that colonial power to officially set the date for that Independence as October 1, 1960.  After the motion was passed, Alhaji Abubakar Balewa, a member of the … Read More(1957) Alhaji Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “Unity and Diversity in Independence”

(1958) Patrice Lumumba, “Speech at Accra”

On December 11, 1958, 34 year old Patrice Lumumba, president of the Congolese National Movement, spoke at the Assembly of African Peoples, an international Pan African Conference sponsored by Kwame Nkrumah, the Prime Minister of newly independent Ghana.  His remarks appear below.  Two years later … Read More(1958) Patrice Lumumba, “Speech at Accra”

(1959) Nnamdi Azikiwe Addresses the NAACP Convention on the Organization’s 50th Anniversary

Nnamdi Azikiwe, by the 1950s the best know nationalist leader from Nigeria, addressed the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) at its 50th anniversary celebration at the Polo Grounds, New York City, July 19, 1959. His speech appears below. I am greatly … Read More(1959) Nnamdi Azikiwe Addresses the NAACP Convention on the Organization’s 50th Anniversary

(1959) Nnamdi Azikiwe Honors Kwame Nkrumah on his Visit to Eastern Nigeria

In 1957 Ghana became the first nation in sub-Saharan Africa to win its independence from a colonial power (Great Britain).  The independence struggle was led by Kwame Nkrumah who became the nation’s first Prime Minister.  Nkrumah visited Nigeria in 1959.  He specifically toured Eastern Nigeria … Read More(1959) Nnamdi Azikiwe Honors Kwame Nkrumah on his Visit to Eastern Nigeria

(1959) Nnamdi Azikiwe Speaks on the Role of Nigeria and other African States in World Politics

On July 31, 1959, Nigeria was slightly more than a year away from full independence from Great Britain.  On that day Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, Premier of Eastern Nigeria and National President of the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC), gave a speech to … Read More(1959) Nnamdi Azikiwe Speaks on the Role of Nigeria and other African States in World Politics