(1959) Nnamdi Azikiwe Honors Kwame Nkrumah on his Visit to Eastern Nigeria

In 1957 Ghana became the first nation in sub-Saharan Africa to win its independence from a colonial power (Great Britain).  The independence struggle was led by Kwame Nkrumah who became the nation’s first Prime Minister.  Nkrumah visited Nigeria in 1959.  He specifically toured Eastern Nigeria … Read More(1959) Nnamdi Azikiwe Honors Kwame Nkrumah on his Visit to Eastern Nigeria

(1959) Nnamdi Azikiwe Addresses the NAACP Convention on the Organization’s 50th Anniversary

Nnamdi Azikiwe, by now the best know nationalist leader in Nigeria, addressed the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) at its 50th anniversary celebration at the Polo Grounds, New York City, July 19, 1959. His speech appears below. I am greatly indebted … Read More(1959) Nnamdi Azikiwe Addresses the NAACP Convention on the Organization’s 50th Anniversary

(1949) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “Address to the Ibo People”

In the following address given eleven years before Nigerian independence, Nnamdi Azikiwe calls for self-determination for the Ibo as they along with other ethnic groups march toward an inevitably free Nigeria.  This address was delivered at  the Ibo State Assembly held at Aba, Nigeria, on … Read More(1949) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “Address to the Ibo People”

(1963) Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “Chancellor’s Address at the University of Ibadan”

On November 17, 1948 the University of Ibadan became the first modern institution of higher education in Nigeria when it began as an external college of the University of London.  Fifteen years later the University became independent of all ties with the British university.   Sir … Read More(1963) Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “Chancellor’s Address at the University of Ibadan”

(1963) Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “Addis Ababa”

What follows is the speech by Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa on the occasion of the creation of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) at Addis Abba, Ethiopia, on May 24, 1963. Your Imperial Majesty, Mr. President, Your Excellencies, First, I want to express the thanks … Read More(1963) Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “Addis Ababa”

(1960) Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “Independence Day”

On Saturday, October 1, 1960, Nigeria became an independent nation.  What follows is Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa’s speech delivered at Tafawa Balewa Square in Lagos at the Independence Ceremony.   Today is Independence Day. The first of October 1960 is a date to which for … Read More(1960) Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “Independence Day”

(1957) Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “First Speech as Prime Minister”

By 1957 Nigeria was clearly on the path toward independence.  In preparation the British Government named Abubakar Tafawa Balewa the first Prime Minister of the soon to be independent nation in a power sharing agreement among the colony’s three major political parties.  In the following … Read More(1957) Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “First Speech as Prime Minister”

(1960) Patrice Lumumba, “National Radio Address”

The political situation in the Congo deteriorated rapidly after it gained independence on June 30, 1960.  By July Belgian paratroopers had arrived in Stanleyville, the capital of Katanga province, attacking the Congolese army and police in a bid to aid the province in resisting the … Read More(1960) Patrice Lumumba, “National Radio Address”

(1959) Patrice Lumumba, “African Unity and National Independence”

By 1959 Patrice Lumumba was the most prominent nationalist and independence leader in the Congo.  His fame was also spreading beyond the nation’s boundaries as reflected in this speech given at the closing session of the International Seminar organized by the Congress for the Freedom … Read More(1959) Patrice Lumumba, “African Unity and National Independence”

(1927) Lamine Senghor, “The Negro’s Fight for Freedom”

Lamine Senghor was an early Senegalese nationalist.  Born in Kaolack, Senegal in 1889, he served in the French Army between 1915 and 1919 and returned to Paris in 1922.  Senghor joined the French Communist Party and ran as a ran as Communist Party candidate in … Read More(1927) Lamine Senghor, “The Negro’s Fight for Freedom”