(1997) Kweisi Mfume, “A Shining and Powerful Dream”

Kweisi Mfume, born Frizzel Gray in Baltimore, Maryland, represented that city in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1986 to 1996 and rose to become Chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus.  On February 15, 1996, he stepped down to become President of the National Association … Read More(1997) Kweisi Mfume, “A Shining and Powerful Dream”

(2013) President Barack Obama, Inaugural Address

On January 21, President Barack Hussein Obama was inaugurated as President of the United States, beginning his second term in office.  His inauguration address appears below. Vice President Biden, Mr. Chief Justice, Members of the United States Congress, distinguished guests, and fellow citizens: Each time … Read More(2013) President Barack Obama, Inaugural Address

(1864) Abraham Lincoln “Address at a Sanitary Fair”

During the Civil War Northerners organized sanitary fairs to raise funds on behalf of the United States Sanitary Commission, a charitable relief organization which promoted the welfare of Union Soldiers.  President Abraham Lincoln addressed one such fair in Baltimore, Maryland on April 18, 1864.  The … Read More(1864) Abraham Lincoln “Address at a Sanitary Fair”

(1963) George Wallace, “Segregation Now, Segregation Forever”

By 1963 Alabama Governor George Corley Wallace had emerged as the leading opponent to the growing civil rights movement.  Six months later he gained international notoriety for his stand in the door of the University of Alabama to block the entrance of two black students, … Read More(1963) George Wallace, “Segregation Now, Segregation Forever”

(1964), Dr. Martin Luther King, “Receiving the Nobel Peace Prize”

On December 10, 1964, Dr. Martin Luther King became only the second African American (after Ralph Bunche) to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.  His acceptance speech appears below. Your Majesty, Your Royal Highness, Mr. President, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen: I accept the Nobel Prize for … Read More(1964), Dr. Martin Luther King, “Receiving the Nobel Peace Prize”

(1861) Alexander H. Stephens, “Cornerstone Speech”

Image Ownership: Public Domain On March 21, 1861, after seven states had seceded from the United States, two weeks after the inauguration of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, but three weeks before the firing on Fort Sumter, Confederate Vice President Alexander H. Stephens delivered what would … Read More(1861) Alexander H. Stephens, “Cornerstone Speech”

(1995) William Jefferson Clinton, “the Job of Ending Discrimination in This Country is Not Over”

Image Ownership: Public Domain In July 1995, President Bill Clinton delivered a major speech at the White House  in defense of Affirmative Action programs across the nation at a time when many critics were calling for their repeal.  He argued that such programs were still needed … Read More(1995) William Jefferson Clinton, “the Job of Ending Discrimination in This Country is Not Over”

(1981) Audre Lorde, “The Uses of Anger: Women Responding to Racism”

In June 1981, Audre Lorde gave the keynote presentation at the National Women’s Studies Association Conference, Storrs, Connecticut. Her presentation appears below. Racism. The belief in the inherent superiority of one race over all others and thereby the right to dominance, manifest and implied. Women … Read More(1981) Audre Lorde, “The Uses of Anger: Women Responding to Racism”

(1982) Audre Lorde, “Learning from the 60s”

In February, 1982, Audre Lorde delivered the address, “Learning from the 60s” as part of the celebration of the Malcolm X weekend at Harvard University.  Her presentation appears below. MALCOLM X is a distinct shape in a very pivotal period of my life. I stand … Read More(1982) Audre Lorde, “Learning from the 60s”