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Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) People Hidden No More

Gloria Hixson
Gloria Hixon Conducting a Zoology Class
at Howard University, 1945

The 2016 book, Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Who Helped Win the Space Race, and the subsequent film by the same name released later that year, introduced the world to three remarkable women, Katherine Johnson, Dorothy Vaughan, and Mary Jackson, all mathematicians for NASA who in the early 1960s helped put the first U.S. astronauts in space. There are hundreds of other little known pioneers in mathematics and other STEM fields who are now profiled on BlackPast.org. Our goal is the end their obscurity. Many of those little-known women and men are listed below in their respective fields. Learn about their lives and accomplishments in their profiles. There are far more individuals who only await volunteers to write their profiles. Please help bring their stories to the general public by writing about them for BlackPast. If you are interested please contact us at volunteer [at] blackpast [dot] org.




 

 

Science

Agronomy:

George Washington Carver, 1864?-1943

Anatomy:

Ruth Smith Lloyd, 1917-1995

Astrophysics:

Arthur Bertram Cuthbert Walker, Jr., 1936-2001

 

Biology:

Alfred Coffin. 1861-?

Ernest E. Just, 1883-1941

Roger Arliner Young, 1889-1964

William Montague Cobb, 1904-1990

Samuel Milton Nabrit. 1905-2003

James Monroe Jay, 1927-2008

Jewel Plumber Cobb, 1924-

Robert Kent Trench, 1940-

 

Botany:

O’Neil Ray Collins, 1931-1989

 

Chemistry:

Saint Elmo Brady, 1884-1966

Alice Augusta Ball, 1892-1916

Percy Lavon Julian, 1899-1975

William Jacob Knox, Jr., 1904-1995

Angie Lena Turner King, 1905-2004

Thomas Nelson Baker, Jr., 1906-1977

Lawrence Howland Knox. 1906-1966

Nathaniel Olgesby Calloway, 1907-1979

Harold Bethuel Evans, 1907-1995

George Sherman Carter, 1911-1998

Moddie Daniel Taylor,1912-1976

James Ellis Lu Valle, 1912-1993

Edwin Roberts Russell, 1913-1996

Lloyd Ferguson, 1918-

Lloyd Albert Quarterman, 1918-1982

Samuel Proctor Massie, 1919-2005

Harold Delaney, 1919-1994

Marie Maynard Daly, 1921-1994

Ralph Alexander Gardner, 1922-

Bertram Oliver Fraser-Reid, 1934-

Fillmore Freeman, 1936-

Phillip O. Crews, 1943-

Robert Louis Shepard, 1947-

 

Environmental Studies:

John Francis, 1946-

 

Geology:

Marguerite Thomas Williams, 1895-1991

Geophysics:

Randolph Wilson Bromery, 1926-2013

Meteorology:

Warren Morton Washington, 1936-

 

Medical Research:

Solomon Carter Fuller, 1872-1953

Louis Tompkins Wright, 1891-1952

William Montague Cobb, 1904-1990

Jane Cooke Wright, 1919-

Otis Webb Brawley, 1959-

 

Oceanography:

Edward Lancelot Miles, 1936-2016

Samuel George Harker Philander, 1942-

 

Physics:

Edward Alexander Bouchet, 1852-1918

Elmer Samuel Imes, 1883-1941

Jasper Brown Jeffries, 1912-1994

Walter Samuel McAfee, 1914-1995

Ronald Elbert Mickens, 1943-

George Campbell Jr., 1945-

Warren Buck, 1946-

Sylvester James Gates, 1950-

Arlie O. Petters, 1964-

 

Zoology:

Charles Henry Turner, 1867-1923

 

Technology

 

Computer Science:

Mark Dean, 1957-

 

Graphic Design:

George Elliot Olden, 1920-1975

 

Inventions/Innovations:

Thomas L. Jennings, 1791-1856

Norbert Rillieux, 1806-1894

Judy W. Reed, c.1826-?

Benjamin Bradley, 1830-?

Elijah McCoy, 1843-1929

Lewis H. Latimer, 1848-1928

Jan Ernst Matzeliger, 1852-1887

Sarah Elisabeth Goode, c.1855?-1905

Granville T. Woods, 1856-1910

Hamilton Hatter, 1856-1942

Miriam Elizabeth Benjamin, 1861-1947

Alfred L. Cralle, 1866–1920

Garrett A. Morgan, Sr., 1877?-1963

Richard Spikes, 1878-1965

William Chester Ruth, 1882-1971

Henry Binga Dismond, 1891-1956

Frederick McKinley Jones, 1893-1961

David Nelson Crosthwait Jr., 1898-1976

Otis Frank Boykin, 1920-1982

Marie Van Brittan Brown, 1922–1999

Emmett Chappelle, 1925-

Henry Thomas Sampson, Jr., 1934-

George Carruthers, 1939-

Patricia Era Bath, 1942-

Janet Emerson Bashen, 1957-

Mark Dean, 1957-

Robert F. Smith, 1962-

 

Video Game Design:

Gerald “Jerry” Anderson Lawson, 1940-2011

 

Engineering

 

General:

National Society of Black Engineers, 1975-

 

Aerospace:

Gordon Alexander McHenry, 1921-2001

 

Architectural:

Archie Alphonso Alexander, 1888-1958

 

Chemical:

Virgil Garnett Trice, Jr., 1926-1997

Jennie R. Patrick, 1949-

Lisa Perez Jackson, 1962-

 

Civil:

Henry O. Flipper, 1856-1940

Frederick McDonald Massiah, 1886–1975

John Slaughterm, 1933-

 

Industrial:

Charles Harrison, 1931-

 

Mechanical:

Robert Robinson, 1906-1994

James Henry Williams, 1941-

 

Nuclear:

Henry Thomas Sampson, 1934-

 

Mathematics

General:

Thomas Fuller, 1710–1790

Benjamin Banneker, 1731-1806

Kelly Miller, 1863-1939

Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes, 1890-1980

Dorothy Johnson Vaughan, 1910–2008

Sylvanus Alexander Tyler, 1914-1986

Marjorie Lee Browne, 1914–1979

Katherine Goble Johnson, 1918-

Mary Winston Jackson, 1921–2005

Evelyn Boyd, 1924-

Albert Turner Bharucha-Reid, 1927-1985

Charles Bernard Bell, Jr., 1928-2010

Etta Zuber Falconer, 1933–2002

 

Statistics:

David Harold Blackwell, 1919-2010

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