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Merriwether, Raymond (1924–2011)

Photo Courtesy of Clyde Merriwether
Raymond (Ray) Merriwether, prominent Seattle, Washington African American architect, real estate developer, and newspaper owner, was born in Taylor, Texas on June 19, 1924 to Colie and Annie Merriwether.  After graduating from high school Merriwether attended barber school and served a short time in the United States Navy.

In 1943, Merriwether entered Howard University where he became president of Omega Psi Phi Fraternity.  He earned a Civil Engineering degree from Howard in 1947.  Later that year he moved to Seattle, Washington and began his career with the City of Seattle’s Building Department as a Structural Plan Examiner.  Merriwether was the third black engineer to work in Seattle.  In 1949, at the age of 25, Merriwether built his first new apartment building, the 18-unit Chrystal Arms followed by the Chrystal Plaza, and another 18 units the next year.  Both buildings were named for his daughter, Chrystal.  These were soon followed by three more apartment buildings with a total of 54 units.

In 1952, Merriwether bought The Pacific Leader, a newspaper serving the black community, from City Councilman Sam Smith.  As editor of the paper Merriwether teamed with National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) attorney Phillip Burton, to challenge racial discrimination in the city.  The Pacific Leader and the NAACP led a successful campaign to get local banks to hire the first black bank teller.  They also pressured the Tradewell chain of grocery stores to hire black clerks and persuaded the owners of a central Seattle office building to rent to black professionals.

Deciding to return to school to gain more skills to further his career, Merriwether enrolled at the University of Washington and Washington State University from 1955 to 1960 and earned a degree in Architecture and a graduate degree in Urban Planning.  Merriwether moved from Seattle to Kirkland, Washington, one of its suburbs in 1962.

After becoming a registered Architect and a registered Civil and Structural Engineer, Merriwether joined Raymond Peck in establishing the firm of Peck & Merriwether, Architects & Engineers.  The firm had a broad range of designs that included custom homes, office buildings, hospitals, nursing homes, restaurants, apartments, warehouses, etc.  Peck & Merriwether designed and built projects that contained over 260 apartment units and 630 nursing home beds for their own account.  Several of the apartment buildings were named in honor of black personalities: Carver House, Bethune Manor, Langston House, Charles Drew and Kings Court.  All of the convalescent home buildings—Merri-Haven, Merri-Vista, Merri-Crest, and Merri-Acre—were named for Merriwether.  To assist young African American businessmen to pursue larger business opportunities, Merriwether leased the multi-million dollar convalescent homes to three young black men who later bought them and enjoyed several years of successful operation.  In 1971, Merriwether bought Peck’s interest and founded a new firm, Ray Merriwether & Associates, which was headquartered in Bellevue, Washington.

Merriwether then retired to manage his own affairs and pursue his hobbies: golf, bridge and traveling.  He and his wife, Barbara, in their 31 years of marriage traveled around the world.  Raymond Merriwether died in Seattle on May 23, 2011.  He was 87.

Sources:
Merriwether Family Records;  Interview, Clyde Merriwether, Seattle, Washington, January 14, 2008; Interview, Chrystal Weinberg, Redmond, Washington, January 16, 2008; Clyde Merriwether, Reliant, Inc., (Seattle: Privately Published, 1987).

Contributor:

Antioch University Seattle

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