(1890) Disenfranchisement Clause, The Mississippi Constitution of 1890

ARTICLE 12 – FRANCHISE Sec. 240. All elections by the people shall be by ballot. Sec. 241. Every male inhabitant of this State, except idiots, insane persons and Indians not taxed, who is a citizen of the United States, twenty-one years old and upwards, who … Read More(1890) Disenfranchisement Clause, The Mississippi Constitution of 1890

The Jaybird-Woodpecker War (1888-1889)

The Jaybird-Woodpecker War was a conflict between two political factions in Fort Bend County, Texas. The origin of the conflict can be traced back to Reconstruction when African Americans who comprised 80% of the population in the county, dominated politics. That domination was reflected in … Read MoreThe Jaybird-Woodpecker War (1888-1889)

Rufus Buck Gang (1895-1896)

The Rufus Buck Gang was an outlaw gang whose members included African Americans, mixed-race (black and Indian), and Native American teenagers and young adults from the Creek (Muscogee) Nation. The group’s brief but horrific crime spree occurred in the Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) between July … Read MoreRufus Buck Gang (1895-1896)