(1993) Nelson Mandela, “Address to the Nation”

After Nelson Mandela was released from prison in 1990, he and representatives of the African National Congress (ANC) began a public period of negotiations in preparation for majority rule in that nation.  The negotiations were set back however when ANC leader Chris Hani was assassinated.   … Read More(1993) Nelson Mandela, “Address to the Nation”

(1990) Nelson Mandela, “We Have Waited Too Long For Our Freedom”

In 1990 the South African government released Nelson Mandela from Victor Verster Prison in Paarl, South Africa after more than 28 years of incarceration including more than 20 years in South Africa’s most notorious prison, Robben Island.  Here is the speech he gave in Cape … Read More(1990) Nelson Mandela, “We Have Waited Too Long For Our Freedom”

(1964) Nelson Mandela, “I Am Prepared To Die”

In 1962, Nelson Mandela, leader of Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the Nation) the armed wing of the African National Congress, was convicted by a South African court of traveling outside the country without a passport and inciting workers to strike.  He was sentenced to … Read More(1964) Nelson Mandela, “I Am Prepared To Die”

(1963) Es’kia (Ezekiel) Mphahlele, “On Negritude in Literature”

Es’kia Mphahlele was a South African writer, professor, and political activist who was critical of the nation’s apartheid regime.  He subsequently spent twenty years in exile from South Africa between 1957 and 1977.  In the speech below, given in Johannesburg, South Africa in June, 1963, … Read More(1963) Es’kia (Ezekiel) Mphahlele, “On Negritude in Literature”

(1936) Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia, “Appeal to the League of Nations”

Emperor Haile Selassie Speaking Before the League of Nations, June 30, 1936  Without warning, Italian armed forces invaded Ethiopia on October 3, 1935, quickly defeated the Ethiopian Army, and forced Emperor Haile Selassie into exile first in Palestine and eventually in Great Britain.  On June … Read More(1936) Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia, “Appeal to the League of Nations”

(1863) Alexander Crummell, “Emigration, an Aid to the Evangelization of Africa”

Image Ownership: Public Domain In a sermon to Barbadian Emigrants, at Trinity Church, Monrovia, Liberia, West Africa on May 14th, 1863, Alexander Crummell calls on persons of African ancestry around the world to be actively engaged in the religious, economic and social development of the … Read More(1863) Alexander Crummell, “Emigration, an Aid to the Evangelization of Africa”

(1863) Alexander Crummell, “The Responsibility of the First Fathers of a Country for its Future Life and Character”

Image Ownership: Public Domain African American intellectual Alexander Crummell lived in Monrovia, Liberia for nineteen years between 1853 and 1872.  While there he taught at Liberia College.  In a speech delivered in Monrovia on December 1, 1863, Crummell discusses the role educated young Liberian men … Read More(1863) Alexander Crummell, “The Responsibility of the First Fathers of a Country for its Future Life and Character”

(1858) Mary Ann Shadd, “Break Every Yoke and Let The Oppressed Go Free”

Mary Ann Shadd (1823-1893) was born into an affluent free black family in Wilmington, Delaware. Nonetheless after the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act in 1850, Shadd joined thousands of other African Americans in emigrating to Canada. She briefly taught the children of the emigrants … Read More(1858) Mary Ann Shadd, “Break Every Yoke and Let The Oppressed Go Free”