Independent Historian

Nick Manos was born on July 5th 1983 in Seattle, Washington. Nick began his academic career at St. Joseph’s elementary and middle school which he would attend for nine years until high school. In 1998 he enrolled at Bishop Blanchet and then transferred to Roosevelt High School to finish his AA degree at Seattle Central Community College while in the Running Start program. Nick eventually enrolled at the University of Washington where he is currently pursuing a degree in History while working as a catering manager for the Seattle Aquarium.

Christopher J. Perry (1854-1920)

Christopher J. Perry, a pioneering black businessman who championed racial equality, established the Philadelphia Tribune in 1884.  The Tribune is the oldest continuously published African American newspaper in the nation. Perry was born in Baltimore, Maryland on September 11, 1854 to parents who were free. … Read MoreChristopher J. Perry (1854-1920)

Harry Pace (1884-1943)

Harry Herbert Pace was the founder of the first black record company, Pace Phonograph Corporation which sold recordings under the Black Swan Records label. He was born on January 6, 1884 in Covington, Georgia the son of Charles Pace and Nancy Ferris Pace. His father, … Read MoreHarry Pace (1884-1943)

Birmingham 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing (1963)

The 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing took place on September, 15 1963, just 19 days after Dr. Martin Luther King gave his “I Have A Dream” speech at the March on Washington, in Washington, D.C. Four young girls, Denise McNair, age 11, and Cynthia Wesley, … Read MoreBirmingham 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing (1963)

Orangeburg Massacre (1968)

The Orangeburg Massacre took place in Orangeburg, South Carolina at South Carolina State University on February 8, 1968. This horrific incident ended with three young men killed, Samuel Hammond, Henry Smith, and Delano Middleton, and twenty-seven other students wounded. It was the worst example of … Read MoreOrangeburg Massacre (1968)