Independent Historian

Joseph Bernardo received a Ph.D. in History at the University of Washington, Seattle in 2014, focusing on Asian American history, race in the American west, and Philippine history.  He earned a BA in Global & International Studies from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 2001 and an MA in Asian American Studies from San Francisco State University in 2003.  After graduating from San Francisco State, he worked for four years at the Office of Los Angeles City Council President Eric Garcetti.

Negro Actors Guild of America (1937- )

The Negro Actors Guild of America was founded by African American actors in 1937.  The organization was established to try to eliminate the stereotyping of African Americans in theatrical and cinematic performances.  It also stressed the need for more realistic roles for people of color, … Read MoreNegro Actors Guild of America (1937- )

Negro Victory Committee (1941-1945)

The Los Angeles Negro Victory Committee was organized in 1941 to protest racial discrimination in industries throughout the city that barred African American workers.    Reverend Clayton Russell of the People’s Independent Church of Christ in South Central Los Angeles and Charlotta Bass, publisher of the … Read MoreNegro Victory Committee (1941-1945)

National Negro Business League (1900 – )

The National Negro Business League (NNBL) was founded by Booker T. Washington in Boston, Massachusetts in 1900.  The league, which predated the United States Chamber of Commerce by 12 years, strives to enhance the commercial and economic prosperity of the African American community. The NNBL … Read MoreNational Negro Business League (1900 – )