Gaston Monnerville (1897–1991)

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" Born in Cayenne, French Guiana to parents Marc Saint-Yves Monnerville and Marie-Françoise Orville, Gaston Monnerville was the grandson of a slave. His family was from Case-Pilote in Martinique, but moved to French Guiana where two sons were born: Pierre and Gaston. … Read MoreGaston Monnerville (1897–1991)

Gilbert Haven Jones (1881-1966)

Image Courtesy of Edwin Robinson In 1909 Gilbert Haven Jones became the first African American to receive a Ph.D. from a German university. After completing his doctoral studies in philosophy, Jones returned to the United States to take up teaching and administrative positions, primarily at … Read MoreGilbert Haven Jones (1881-1966)

William Thomas Fontaine (1909-1968)

  Image courtesy of University Archives & Records Center, University of Pennsylvania William Thomas Fontaine taught philosophy at Lincoln University, Southern University, Morgan State College, and for twenty years at the University of Pennsylvania. He was born in Chester Pennsylvania on December 2, 1909, the … Read MoreWilliam Thomas Fontaine (1909-1968)

Léopold Sédar Senghor (1906-2001)

  Image Ownership: Public Domain Scholar, African traditionalist poet, and Senegal’s first president, Léopold Sédar Senghor was born on October 9, 1906 in Joal, Senegal. His father, Basie Diogoye Senghor, was a Malinké landowner. His mother, Gnilane Bakhoum, came from a Christian Fulani family. They … Read MoreLéopold Sédar Senghor (1906-2001)

Garland Anderson (1886-1939)

Image Ownership: Public Domain A pioneer playwright and moralistic philosopher of constructive thinking, Garland Anderson was the first African American known to have a serious full-length drama produced on Broadway in New York. Active in the theatre for over 10 years during the 1920s and … Read MoreGarland Anderson (1886-1939)

Richard I. McKinney (1906-2005)

Image Ownership: Public Domain African American philosopher Richard I. McKinney was born on August 8, 1906 in Live Oak, Florida on the college campus of Farmer Institute (later named Florida Memorial College). The son of educators, he graduated from Morehouse College in 1931 with a … Read MoreRichard I. McKinney (1906-2005)