Anthony “Sir Mix-A-Lot” Ray (1963- )

Sir Mix-A-Lot, pioneering Pacific Northwest rapper and producer, was born Anthony Ray in Seattle, Washington on August 12, 1963.  He grew up in Seattle’s Central District and graduated from Roosevelt High School in 1981.  Early on, Mix-A-Lot had an ear and a passion for music.  Soon after high school he began DJing parties at local community centers.

When the song “Rapper’s Delight” by The Sugar Hill Gang was released in the fall of 1979, it brought rap music to the world outside New York City for the first time.  In Seattle, the first performers to become known for doing hip-hop was a group called the Emerald Street Boys, who were both rappers and breakdancers in the early 1980s.  Sir Mix-A-Lot, inspired by the Emerald Street Boys, was soon making his own music using drum machines and synthesizers he had learned to play himself.

By 1983 Mix-A-Lot had begun playing weekends regularly at the Rainier Vista Boys and Girls Club in South Seattle. Soon he moved locations and started throwing his parties at the Rotary Boys and Girls Club in the Central District. It was there that he met ‘Nasty’ Nes Rodriguez, a local radio DJ and host of Fresh Tracks, the West Coast’s first rap radio show on Seattle station KKFX (KFOX).

Rodriguez invited Mix-A-Lot onto his show to air his music, and Mix-A-Lot quickly became the station’s most requested artist.  The duo teamed up to start NastyMix Records, and in 1987 released Sir Mix-A-Lot’s first hit single “Posse on Broadway.”  The song featured several Seattle neighborhoods and was an early example of a city besides New York using hip-hop to export culture.  Mix-A-Lot followed this up in 1988 with the release of his debut album Swass, which would sell over a million copies and be certified platinum.

In 1989 Mix-A-Lot released his second album, Seminar.  Soon after a financial dispute between NastyMix Records and Mix-A-Lot led to a court battle and ended with Mix-A-Lot leaving the company.  He then signed with Def American Records, a new label founded by Rick Rubin, who had co-founded Def Jam Records along with Russell Simmons.

Sir Mix-A-Lot is best known for the single “Baby Got Back” from his 1992 album Mack Daddy.  The song was about his preference for women with curves, and MTV would air the video only at night because of its suggestive nature.  Although Mix-A-Lot offered a critique of traditional European standards of beauty and body shape in the song, there were also those who were offended.  At concerts he was picketed by women’s groups that accused him of exploitation by disparaging one group of women to build up another.

The controversy helped make the song more popular.  “Baby Got Back” sold over two million copies, was the number one song on the pop chart for five weeks, and won the 1993 Grammy Award for Best Solo Rap Performance.

Sir Mix-A-Lot remained active musically, releasing three more albums; Chief Boot Knocka (1994), Return of the Bumpasaurus (1996), and Daddy’s Home (2003).  He has also collaborated with Seattle grunge bands Mudhoney and The Presidents Of The United States Of America.  In addition to performing live shows Mix-A-Lot is still licensing “Baby Got Back” for use in numerous commercials and movies.  He lives outside Seattle,
has never been married and has no children.

Dr. Daudi Abe is a Seattle-based professor, writer and historian who has taught courses on culture, race, gender, communication, education, hip-hop and sports for over 20 years. He is the author of the book 6 ‘N the Morning: West Coast Hip-Hop Music 1987-1992 & the Transformation of Mainstream Culture (2013) and From Memphis and Mogadishu: The History of African Americans in Martin Luther King County, Washington, 1858-2014 at www.BlackPast.org. He has spoken in schools and prisons, written articles for The Stranger and the op-ed page of The Seattle Times, and appeared on national media such as MSNBC and “The Tavis Smiley Show.” Dr. Abe holds a PhD in Education from the University of Washington. His forthcoming book is Emerald Street: A History of Hip-Hop in Seattle.