The Double V Campaign (1942-1945)

The Double V campaign was a slogan championed by The Pittsburgh Courier, then the largest black newspaper in the United States, that promoted efforts toward democracy for civilian defense workers and for African Americans in the U.S. military. The Pittsburgh Courier newspaper, founded in 1907, … Read MoreThe Double V Campaign (1942-1945)

Nashville Student Movement (1959-1964)

The Nashville Student Movement (NSM) was a civil rights organization in Nashville, Tennessee. The NSM was established when Rev. James Lawson and the Nashville Christian Leadership Council (NCLC) hosted nonviolent workshops at his church, Clark Memorial United Methodist Church, in 1959. The NSM challenged racial … Read MoreNashville Student Movement (1959-1964)

Nashville Christian Leadership Council (1958-1964)

The Nashville Christian Leadership Council (NCLC) was a civil rights organization based in the capital city of Tennessee. The NCLC was created on January 18, 1958 following a meeting by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in Atlanta, Georgia where a Nashville representative was in attendance. … Read MoreNashville Christian Leadership Council (1958-1964)

Tent Cities of Fayette and Haywood Counties (1960-1962)

The Tent Cities of Fayette and Haywood Counties in Tennessee were the result of early efforts to register African American voters in those counties between 1959 and 1962. When John McFerren of Fayette County and other activists began their voter registration drive, many of the … Read MoreTent Cities of Fayette and Haywood Counties (1960-1962)

The National Black Political Convention, Gary Indiana (1972)

In 1972, Gary, Indiana hosted the National Black Political Convention. With over 10,000 attendees, it was the largest independent black political gathering in U.S. history. Planning for the convention began in 1970. Organizers had a difficult time finding a city that was willing to host … Read MoreThe National Black Political Convention, Gary Indiana (1972)