African American History: Bibliography

The books listed below are excellent sources of general information for research on African American history.


Pauli Murray, States’ Laws on Race and Color (1950)

Herbert Aptheker, ed., A Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States: From Colonial Times to 1910 (1951)

Joanne Grant, Black Protest: History, Documents, and Analyses, 1619 to the Present, (1969)

Richard Bardolph, ed., The Civil Rights Record: Black Americans and the Law, 1849-1970 (1970)

Martin E. Dann, ed., The Black Press 1827-1890: The Quest for National Identity (1971)

August Meier, Elliott Rudwick, and Francis L. Broderick, eds., Black Protest Thought in the Twentieth Century, (1971)

Gerda Lerner, ed., Black Women in White America: A Documentary History (1972)

Howard University Library, Moorland Foundation, Dictionary Catalog of the Jesse E. Moorland Collection of Negro Life and History (12 vols.) (1976)

Lawrence Levine, Black Culture and Black Consciousness: Afro-American Folk Thought from Slavery to Freedom, (1977)

New York Public Library, Schomburg Collection of Negro Literature and History, Dictionary Catalogue of the Schomburg Collection (15 vols.) (1977)

John Blassingame, et. al. eds., The Frederick Douglass Papers. Series One: Speeches, Debates and Interviews (3 vols.) (1979-1985)

Joel Williamson, New People: Miscegenation and Mulattoes in the United States (1980)

Vincent Harding, There is a River: The Black Struggle for Freedom in America, (1981)

Mary F. Berry and John W. Blassingame, Long Memory: The Black Experience in America (1982)

Ira Berlin, et. al. eds., Freedom: A Documentary History of Emancipation 1861-1867: Selected from the Holdings of the National Archives of the United States (3 vols.) (1982-1990)

Mary F. Berry and John W. Blassingame, Long Memory: The Black Experience in America (1982)

Russell C. Brignano, ed., Black Americans in Autobiography: An Annotated Bibliography of Autobiographies and Autobiographical Books Written Since the Civil War (1984)

Vincent Franklin, Black Self-Determination: A Cultural History of the Faith of the Fathers, (1984)

Jacqueline Jones, Labor of Love: Black Women, Work and Family From Slavery to the Present, (1985)

Milton C. Sernett, ed., Afro-American Religious History: A Documentary Witness (1985)

Darlene Clark Hine, ed, The State of Afro-American History: Past, Present and Future (1986)

Thomas R. Frazier, ed., Afro-American History: Primary Sources (1988)

Leon Litwack and August Meier, ed., Black Leaders of the Nineteenth Century, (1988)

Portia James, The Real McCoy: African American Invention and Innovation, 1619-1930 (1989)

Darlene Clark Hine, Black Women in United States History (12 vols.) (1990)

Forrest G. Wood, The Arrogance of Faith: Christianity and Race in America from the Colonial Era to the Twentieth Century, (1991)

Herbert Aptheker, Anti-Racism in U.S. History: The First Two Hundred Years (1992)

Jacqueline Goggin, Carter G. Woodson: A Life in Black History (1992)

David McBride, From TB to AIDS: Epidemics Among Urban Blacks Since 1900 (1992)

Herbert Hill and James E. Jones, eds., Race in America: The Struggle for Equality (1993)

John Hope Franklin and Alfred A. Moss, Jr., From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African Americans (1997)

Philip S. Foner and Robert James Branham, eds., Lift Every Voice: African American Oratory, 1787-1900 (1998)

Cathy J. Cohen, The Boundaries of Blackness: AIDS and the Breakdown of Black Politics (1999)

Philip A. Klinkner with Rogers M. Smith, The Unsteady March: The Rise and Decline of Racial Equality in America (1999)

Mia Bay, The White Image in the Black Mind: African American Ideas about White People, 1830-1925 (2000)

Robin D. G. Kelly and Earl Lewis, eds., To Make Our World Anew: A History of African Americans (2000)

Adam Fairclough, Better Day Coming: Blacks and Equality, 1890-2000 (2001)

Charles M. Payne and Adam Green, Time Longer Than Rope: A Century of African American Activism, 1850-1950 (2003)

Darlene Clark Hine, William C. Hine and Stanley Harrold, The African American Odyssey (2006)

Nell Irvin Painter, Creating Black Americans: African-American history and Its Meanings, 1619 to the Present (2006)

Harriet A. Washington, Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present (2006)

Catherine Ellis and Stephen Drury Smith, Say It Plain: A Century of Great African American Speeches (2007)   


The African Diaspora:

W.E.B. DuBois, The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America (1896)

Elizabeth Donnan, ed., Documents Illustrative of the History of the Slave Trade to America, 4 vols. (1930)

Eric Williams, Capitalism and Slavery, (1944)

Basil Davidson, The African Slave Trade (1961)

Paul Edwards, ed., Equiano’s Travels (1967)

Philip Curtin, The Atlantic Slave Trade, A Census (1969)

Suzanne Miers and Igor Kopytoff, eds., Slavery in Africa (1977)

Herbert S. Klein, The Middle Passage: Comparative Studies in the Atlantic Slave Trade (1978)

Jay Coughtry, The Notorious Triangle: Rhode Island and the African Slave Trade (1981)

Daniel C. Littlefield, ed., Rice and Slaves: Ethnicity and the Slave Trade in South Carolina (1981)

James A. Rawley, The Transatlantic Slave Trade: A History (1981)

Claire C. Robertson and Martin A. Klein, eds., Slavery in Africa (1983)

John K. Thornton, The Kingdom of Kongo: Civil War and Transition, 1641-1718 (1983)

Edward Reynolds, Stand the Storm: A History of the Atlantic Slave Trade (1985)

David W. Galenson, Traders, Planters, and Slaves: Market Behavior in Early English America (1986)

Paul E. Lovejoy, Africans in Bondage: Studies in Slavery and the Slave Trade (1986)

Vincent Bakpetu Thompson, The Making of the African Diaspora in the Americas, 1441-1900 (1987)

Suzanne Miers and Richard Roberts, The End of Slavery in Africa (1988)

Barbara Bush, Slave Women in Caribbean Society, 1650-1838, (1990)

Bernard Lewis, Race and Slavery in the Middle East: An Historical Enquiry (1990)

John Thornton, Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400-1680 (1992)

Joseph E. Inikori and Stanley L. Engerman, eds., The Atlantic Slave Trade: Effects on Economies, Societies, and Peoples in Africa, the Americas, and Europe (1993)

Sue Peabody, “There are No Slaves in France”: The Political Culture of Race and Slavery in the Ancien Regime (1996)

Rosemarie Robotham, ed., Spirits of the Passage: The Transatlantic Slave Trade in the Seventeenth Century (1997)

Boubacar Barry, Senegambia and the Atlantic Slave Trade (1998)

Sylvaine A. Diouf, Servants of Allah: African Muslims Enslaved in the Americas (1998)

Jane Landers, Black Society in Spanish Florida (1999)

Alexandre Popvic, The Revolt of Africa Slaves in Iraq in the 3rd/9th Century (1999)

David Eltis, The Rise of African Slavery in the Americas (2000)

Verene Shepherd and Hilary McD. Beckles, eds., Caribbean Slavery in the Atlantic World (2000)

Madge Dresser, Slavery Obscured: The Social History of the Slave Trade in an English Provincial Port (2002)

Linda M Heywood, ed., Central Africans and Cultural Transformations in the American Diaspora (2002)

James H. Sweet, Recreating Africa: Culture, Kinship and Religion in the African-Portuguese World, 1441-1770 (2003)

Randy Sparks, Two Princes from Calabar: An Eighteenth Century Atlantic Odyssey (2004)

Stephanie Smallwood, Saltwater Slavery: A Middle Passage from Africa to the American Diaspora (2007)


Colonial America:

Lorenzo J. Greene, The Negro in Colonial New England, 1620-1776 (1942)

Edgar J. McManus, Negro Slavery in New York (1966)

Winthrop Jordan, White Over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550-1812, (1968)

Gary Nash, The Great Fear: Race in the Mind of America, (1970)

Gerald W. Mullen, Flight and Rebellion: Slave Resistance in Eighteenth Century Virginia (1974)

Peter Wood, Black Majority: Negroes in Colonial South Carolina from 1670 through the Stono Rebellion, (1974)

David Kobrin, The Black Minority in Early New York (1975)

Edmund S. Morgan, American Slavery, American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia (1975)

A. Leon Higginbotham, In the Matter of Color: Race and the American Legal Process: The Colonial Period (1978)

Daniel F. Littlefield, Rice and Slaves: Ethnicity and the Slave Trade in Colonial South Carolina (1981)

James A. Rawley, The Transatlantic Slave Trade: A History (1981)

Bruce A. Glasrud and Alan M. Smith, eds., Race Relations in British North America, 1607-1783 (1982)

Orlando Patterson, Slavery and Social Death: A Comparative Study (1982)

Betty Wood, Slavery in Colonial Georgia, 1730-1775 (1984)

Thomas J. Davis, A Rumor of Revolt: The Great Negro Plot in Colonial New York (1985)

Julia Floyd Smith, Slavery and Rice Culture in Low Country Georgia, 1750-1860 (1985)

Terry Alford, Prince Among Slaves (1986)

Alan Kulikoff, Tobacco and Slaves: The Development of Southern Culture in the Chesapeake, 1690-1800 (1986)

David Eltis, Economic Growth and the Ending of the Transatlantic Slave Trade (1987)

Gary Nash, Forging Freedom: The Formation of Philadelphia’s Black Community, 1720-1840 (1988)

William D. Piersen, Black Yankees: The Development of an Afro-American Sub-Culture in Eighteenth-Century New England (1988)

Norrece T. Jones, Jr., Born a Child of Freedom, Yet A Slave: Mechanisms of Control and Strategies of Resistance in Antebellum South Carolina (1989)

Mechal Sobel, The World They Made Together: Black and White Values in 18th Century Virginia (1989)

Timothy H. Silver, A New Face on the Countryside: Indians, Colonists and Slaves in the South Atlantic Forests, 1500-1800  (1990)

Billy G. Smith and Richard Wojtowicz, Blacks Who Stole Themselves: Advertisements for Runaways in the Pennsylvania Gazette, 1720-1790, (1990)

Ira Berlin and Philip D. Morgan, ed., The Slaves’ Economy: Independent Production by Slaves in the Americas (1991)

Shane White, Somewhat More Independent: The End of Slavery in New York City, 1770-1810 (1991)

Roger D. Abrahams, Singing the Master: The Emergence of African American Culture in the Plantation South (1992)

Maryse Conde, I, Tituba, Black Witch of Salem (1992)

Leland Ferguson, Uncommon Ground: Archaeology and Colonial African America (1992)

Gwendolyn Midlo Hall, Africans in Colonial Louisiana: The Development of Afro-Creole Culture in the Eighteenth Century (1992)

Karen Hess, The Carolina Rice Kitchen: The African Connection (1992)

Michael Mullin, Africa in America: Slave Acculturation and Resistance in the American South and the British Caribbean, 1736-1831 (1992)

Jack D. Forbes, Africans and Native Americans: The Language of Race and the Evolution of Red-Black Peoples (1993)

Graham Russell Hodges and Alan Edward Brown, eds., "Pretends to be Free": Runaway Slave Advertisements from Colonial and Revolutionary New York and New Jersey (1994)

Alden T. Vaughn, Roots of American Racism: Essays on the Colonial Experience (1995)

Graham Russell Hodges, Slavery and Freedom in the Rural North: African Americans in Monmouth County, New Jersey (1996)

Marvin L. Michael Kay and Lorin Lee Cary, Slavery in North Carolina, 1748-1775 (1996)

Robin Blackburn, The Making of New World Slavery: From the Baroque to the Modern, 1492-1800 (1997)

Kimberly S. Hanger, Bounded Lives, Bounded Places: Free Black Society in Colonial New Orleans, 1769-1803 (1997)

Oscar Reiss, Blacks in Colonial America (1997)

Ira Berlin, Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America (1998)

Michael A. Gomez, Exchanging our Country Marks: The Transformation of African Identities in the Colonial and Antebellum South (1998)

Philip D. Morgan, Slave Counterpoint: Black Culture in the Eighteenth Century Chesapeake and Low Country (1998)

Pamela Newkirk, A Love no Less: More than Two Centuries of African American Love Letters (2003)

Thelma Willis Foote, Black and White Manhattan: The History of Racial Formation in Colonial New York City (2004)


Slavery and the American Revolution:

William Cooper Nell, The Colored Patriots of the American Revolution (1855)

Benjamin Quarles, The Negro in the American Revolution (1961)

Staughton Lynd, Class Conflict, Slavery and the United States Constitution (1967)

M. A. Richmond, Bid The Vassal Soar: Interpretive Essays on the Life and Poetry of Phillis Wheatley and George Moses Horton (Washington, D.C., 1974)

David Brion Davis, The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution (1975)

Duncan J. MacLeod, Slavery, Race and the American Revolution (1975)

Edmund Morgan, American Slavery, American Freedom (1975)

William H. Robinson, Phillis Wheatley in the Black American Beginnings (Detroit, 1975)

Ellen Gibson Wilson, The Loyal Blacks (1976)

Jack P, Greene, All Men are Created Equal: Some Reflections on the Character of the American Revolution (1976)

Jeffrey J. Crow, The Black Experience in Revolutionary North Carolina (1977)

Donald Robinson, Slavery and the Structure of American Politics (1979)

Ira Berlin and Roland Hoffman, Slavery and Freedom in the Age of the American Revolution, (1983)

Robin Blackburn, The Overthrow of Colonial Slavery, 1776-1848 (1988)

Phillis Wheatley, [John C. Shields, ed.,] The Collected Works of Phillis Wheatley (1988)

Sidney Kaplan and Emma N. Kaplan, The Black Presence in the Era of the American Revolution (1990)

Gary B. Nash, Race and Revolution (1990)

Julian D. Mason, Jr., The Poems of Phillis Wheatley (1991)

Sylvia Frey, Water from the Rock: Black Resistance in a Revolutionary Age (1992)

Paul Finkelman, Slavery and the Founders: Race and Liberty in the Age of Jefferson (1996)

Henry Louis Gates, The Trials of Phillis Wheatley (2004)

Simon Schama, Rough Crossings: Britain, The Slaves and the American Revolution (2006)


Antebellum Slavery:

George H. Moore, Notes on the History of Slavery in Massachusetts (1866)

Ulrich B. Philips, American Negro Slavery: A Survey of the Supply, Employment and Control of Negro Labor as Determined by the Plantation Regime (1918)

Helen Tunnicliff Catterall, ed., Judicial Cases Concerning American Slavery and the Negro (1936)

C.L.R. James, The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Overture and the San Domingo Revolution, (1938)

Melville Herskovits, The Myth of the Negro Past (1941)

Barnett Hollander, Slavery in America: Its Legal History (1962)

Joseph C. Halasz, Rattling Chains: Slave Unrest and Revolt in the Antebellum South, (1966)

Richard C. Wade, Slavery in the Cities: The South, 1820-1860 (1967)

Lionel Kennedy and Thomas Parker, The Trial Record of Denmark Vesey (1970)

George P. Rawick, The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography, 19 volumes, (1971)

John Blassingame, The Slave Community, (1973)

Stephen B. Oates, The Fires of Jubilee: Nat Turner’s Fierce Rebellion (1975)

Eugene Genovese, Roll Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made,(1976)

Claudia D. Goldin, Urban Slavery in the American South, 1820-1860: A Quantitative History (1976)

Willie Lee Rose, ed., A Documentary History of Slavery in North America (1976)

John W. Blassingame, ed., Slave Testimony: Two Centuries of Letters, Speeches, Interviews and Autobiographies (1977)

Nathan Huggins, Black Odyssey: The Afro-American Ordeal in Slavery, (1977)

Leslie Howard Owens, This Species of Property: Slave Life and Culture in the Old South (1977)

Albert Rabateau, Slave Religion: The Invisible Institution in the Antebellum South, (1978)

Todd L. Savitt, Medicine and Slavery: The Diseases and health Care of Blacks in Antebellum Virginia (1978)

Thomas L. Webber, Deep Like the Rivers: Education in the Slave Quarter Community, 1831-1865, (1978)

William L. Van Deburg, The Slave Drivers: Black Agricultural Labor Supervisors in the Ante-Bellum South, (1979)

John Lofton, Denmark Vesey’s Revolt: The Slave Plot that Lit a Fuse to Fort Sumter (1983)

Charles Joyner, Down by the Riverside: A South Carolina Slave Community, (1984)

Barbara Jeanne Fields, Slavery and Freedom on the Middle Ground: Maryland during the Nineteenth Century (1985)

Paul Finkelmann, ed., Slavery in the Courtroom: An Annotated Bibliography of American Cases (1985)

Deborah Gray White, Ar’n’t I a Woman? Female Slaves in the Plantation South, (1985)

Paul Finkelmann, The Law of Freedom and Bondage: A Casebook (1986)

Gary Okihiro, ed., In Resistance: Studies in African, Afro-Caribbean and Afro-American History (1986)

Howard Jones, Mutiny on the Amistad: The Saga of a Slave Revolt and its Impact on American Abolition, Law, and Diplomacy (1987)

Margaret Washington Creel, "A Peculiar People": Slave Religion and Community Culture Among the Gullah (1988)

Robert W. Fogel, Without Consent or Contract: The Rise and Fall of American Slavery, (1989)

Peter Parish, Slavery History and Historians (1989)

Randolph B. Campbell, An Empire for Slavery: The Peculiar Institution in Texas, 1821-1865, (1990)

Joseph E. Holloway, ed. Africanisms in American Culture (1990)

Randall Miller, ed., Dear Master: Letters of a Slave Family, (1990)

Thomas D. Morris, Southern Slavery and the Law, 1619-1860 (1990)

John Michael Vlach, Back of the Big House: The Architecture of Plantation Slavery (1990)

Ronnie W. Clayton, ed., Mother Wit: The Ex-Slave Narratives of the Louisiana Writers’ Project (1991)

Melton McLaurin, Celia, A Slave (1991)

Mary A. Twining and Keith E. Baird, Sea Island Roots: African Presence in the Carolinas and Georgia (1991)

Janet Duitsman Cornelius, When I Can Read My Title Clear: Literacy, Slavery and Religion in the Antebellum South (1992)

Walter F. Pitts, Old Ship of Zion: The Afro-Baptist Ritual in the African Diaspora (1992)

Jon Michael Spencer, Black Hymnody: A Hymnological History of the African American Church (1992)

Albert E. Stone, The Return of Nat Turner: History, Literature, and Cultural Politics in Sixties America (1992)

Ira Berlin and Philip D. Morgan, eds., Cultivation and Culture: Labor and the Shaping of Slave Life in the Americas (1993)

Douglas R. Egerton, Gabriel’s Rebellion: The Virginia Slave Conspiracies of 1800 and 1802 (1993)

Peter Kolchin, American Slavery, 1619-1877 (1993)

Howard McGary and Bill E. Lawson, Between Slavery and Freedom: Philosophy and American Slavery (1993)

William D. Piersen, Black Legacy: America’s Hidden Heritage [on Africanisms] (1993)

Larry E. Hudson, Jr., ed., Working Toward Freedom: Slave Society and Domestic Economy in the American South (1994)

Ann Patton Malone, Sweet Chariot: Slave Family and Household Structure in Nineteenth-Century Louisiana (1994)

Freddie L. Parker, Stealing a Little Freedom: Advertisements for Slave Runaways in North Carolina, 1791-1840 (1994)

Sterling Stuckey, Going Through the Storm: The Influence of African American Art in History (1994)

Samuel A. Floyd, Jr., The Power of Black Music: Interpreting its History from Africa to the United States (1995)

Wilma King, Stolen Children: Slave Youth in the 19th Century (1995)

Sean Wilentz, ed, David Walker’s Appeal (1995)

Betty Wood, Women’s Work, Men’s Work: The Informal Slave Economies of Lowcountry Georgia (1995)

Jennifer Fleischner, Mastering Slavery: Memory, Family and Identity in Women’s Slave Narratives (1996)

David Barry Gaspar and Darlene Clark Hine, eds., More Than Chattel: Black Women and Slavery in the Americas (1996)

Patricia Morton, ed., Discovering the Women in Slavery: Emancipating Perspectives on the American Past (1996)

Brenda Stevenson, Life in Black and White: Family and Community in the Slave South (1996)

Mary Turner, ed., From Chattel Slaves to Wage Slaves: The Dynamics of Labour Bargaining in the Americas (1996)

Martha Hodes, White Women, Black Men: Illicit Sex in the Nineteenth-Century South (1997)

John R. McKivigan, and Mitchel Snay, eds., Religion and the Antebellum Debate over Slavery (1998)

Douglas R. Egerton, He Shall Go Out Free: The Lives of Denmark Vesey (1999)

Walter Johnson, Soul by Soul: Life Inside the Antebellum Slave Market (1999)

Midori Takagi, “Rearing Wolves to Our Own Destruction”: Slavery in Richmond, Virginia, 1782-1865 (1999)

Dylan C. Penningroth, The Claims of Kinfolk: African American Property and Community in the Nineteenth Century South (2003)

Jennifer Morgan, Laboring Women: Reproduction and Gender in New World Slavery (2004)

Nikki M. Taylor, Frontiers of Freedom: Cincinnati’s Black Community, 1802-1868 (2004)

Anthony E. Kaye, Joining Places: Slave Neighborhoods in the Old South (2007)


The Anti-Slavery Campaign:

Issac Neale, ed., Cases Adjudged in the Supreme Court of New Jersey; Relative to the Manumission of Negroes and Others Holden in Bondage (1794)

Charles Emory Stevens, Anthony Burns: A History (1856)

James Redpath, The Roving Editor, or Talks With Slaves in the Southern States (1859)

William Still, The Underground Railroad, (1872)

Frederick Douglass, The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass, (1881)

Wilbur H. Siebert, The Underground Railroad from Slavery to Freedom (1898)

Carter G. Woodson, ed., The Mind of the Negro As Reflected in Letters Written During the Crisis, 1800-1860 (1925)

Arthur Huff Fauset, Sojourner Truth: God’s Faithful Pilgrim (1938)

Arthur Zilversmit, The First Emancipation: The Abolition of Slavery in the North (1967)

Howard H. Bell, A Survey of the Negro Convention Movement, 1831-1861 (1969)

William E. Farrison, William Wells Brown: Author and Reformer, (1969)

Aileen Kraditor, Means and Ends in American Abolitionism: Garrison and His Critics on Strategy and Tactics, 1834-1850, (1969)

Benjamin Quarles, Black Abolitionists, (1969)

Stanley W. Campbell, The Slave Catchers: Enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Law, 1850-1860, (1970)

John Bracey and others, ed., Blacks in the Abolitionist Movement, (1971)

Thomas D. Morris, Free Men All: The Personal Liberty Laws of the North, 1780-1861 (1974)

Jane H. Pease and William H. Pease, They Who Would Be Free: Black’s Search for Freedom, 1830-1861 (1974)

William M. Wiecek, The Sources of Anti-slavery Constitutionalism in America, 1760-1848 (1977)

Blanch Glassmanersh, Slavery of Sex: Feminist-Abolitionists in Nineteenth-Century America (1978)

Don E. Fehrenbacher, Slavery, Law, and Politics: The Dred Scott Case in Historical Perspective (1981)

Lawrence J. Friedman, Gregarious Saints: Self and Community in American Abolitionism, 1830-1870 (1982)

R. J. M. Blackett, Building an Anti-Slavery Wall: Black Americans and the Atlantic Abolitionist Movement, (1983)

Lathan A. Windley, ed., Runaway Slave Advertisements: A Documentary History from the 1730s to 1790 (1983)

Waldo E. Martin, Jr., The Mind of Frederick Douglass (1984)

C. Peter Ripley, ed., The Black Abolitionist Papers (5 vols.) (1985-1992)

Marilyn Richardson, Maria W. Stewart: America’s First Black Woman Political Writer, (1987)

Charlotte L. Forten, [Brenda Stevenson, ed.,] The Journals of Charlotte Forten Grimke (1988)

Alfred N. Hunt, Haiti’s Influence on Antebellum America: Slumbering Volcano in the Caribbean (1988)

Herbert Aptheker, Abolitionism: A Revolutionary Movement (1989)

Jean Fagan Yellin, Women and Sisters: The Antislavery Feminists in American Culture (1989)

Merton L. Dillon, Slavery Attacked: Southern Slaves and their Allies, 1619-1865 (1990)

Carolyn Flick, The Making of Haiti: The Saint Dominguez Revolution from Below (1990)

Eric J. Sundquist, ed., Frederick Douglass: New Literary and Historical Essays (1990)

William S. McFeely, Frederick Douglass (1991)

Bruce Levine, Half Slave and Half Free: The Roots of Civil War (1992)

James Brewer Stewart, William Lloyd Garrison and the Challenge of Emancipation (1992)

Shirley J. Yee, Black Women Abolitionists: A Study in Activism, 1828-1860, (1992)

Donald M. Jacobs, ed., Courage and Conscience: Black and White Abolitionists in Boston (1993)

Charles L. Blockson, Hippocrene Guide to the Underground Railroad (1994)

Erlene Stetson and Linda David, Glorifying in Tribulation: The Lifework of Sojourner Truth (1994)

Jean Fagan Yellin and John C. Van Horne, eds., The Abolitionist Sisterhood: Women’s Political Culture in Antebellum America (1994)

V.P. Franklin, Telling Our Truths: Autobiography and the Making of the African American Intellectual Tradition (1995)

Stanley Harrold, The Abolitionists and the South, 1831-1861 (1995)

Carleton Mabee, Sojourner Truth: Slave, Prophet, Legend (1995)

Herman E. Thomas, James W.C. Pennington: African American Churchman and Abolitionist (1995)

Nell Irwin Painter, Sojourner Truth: A Life, A Symbol (1996)

R.J. Young, Antebellum Black Activists: Race, Gender, Self, (1996)

James Brewer Stewart, Holy Warriors: The Abolitionists and American Slavery (1997)

Gary Collison, Shadrach Minkins: From Fugitive Slave to Citizen (1997)

T. Stephen Whitman, The Price of Freedom: Slavery and Manumission in Baltimore and Early National Maryland (1997)

Joanne Pope Melish, Disowning Slavery: Gradual Emancipation and "Race" in New England, 1780-1860 (1998)

David Geggus, ed., The Impact of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World (2001)

Mark Perry, Lift Up Thy Voice: The Grimke’s Family’s Journey from Slaveholders to Civil Rights Leaders (2001)

Claude A. Clegg III, The Price of Liberty: African Americans and the Making of Liberia (2004)

Keith P. Griffler, Front Line of Freedom: African Americans and the Forging of the Underground Railroad in the Ohio Valley (2004)


Free Blacks in Antebellum America:

Martin R. Delany, The Condition, Elevation, Emigration, and Destiny of the Colored People of the United States, (1852)

John H. Russell, The Free Negro in Virginia, 1619-1865 (1913)

Leon Litwack, North of Slavery: The Negro in the Free States, (1961)

Benjamin Quarles, The Negro in the American Revolution (1961)

Victor Ullman, Martin R. Delany: The Beginnings of Black Nationalism (1971)

Silvio A. Bedini, The Life of Benjamin Banneker (1972)

Leitia Woods Brown, Free Negroes in the District of Columbia, 1790-1846 (1972)

H. E. Sterkx, The Free Negro in Antebellum Louisiana (1972)

Sterling Stuckey, The Ideological Origins of Black Nationalism, (1972)

Marina Wilkramangrake, A World in Shadow–The Free Black in Antebellum South Carolina (1973)

Ira Berlin, Slaves Without Masters: The Free Negro in the Antebellum South, (1974)

Philip S. Foner and Ronald L. Lewis, eds., The Black Worker: A Documentary History from Colonial Times to the Present (8 vols.) (1974-1984)

Rodney Carlisle, The Roots of Black Nationalism (1975)

Floyd J. Miller, The Search for Black Nationality: Black Emigration and Colonization, 1787-1863 (1975)

Joel Schor, Henry Highland Garnet: A Voice of Black Radicalism in the Nineteenth Century (1977)

Philip S. Foner and George E. Walker, eds., Proceedings of the Black State Conventions, 1840-1865 (2 vols.) (1979-1980)

John Brown Childs, The Political Black Minister: A Study in Afro-American Politics and Religion (1980)

Dickson J. Preston, Young Frederick Douglass: The Maryland Years (1980)

Bell I. Wiley, Slaves No More: Letters from Liberia, 1833-1869 (1980)

Joel Williamson, New People: Miscegenation and Mulattoes in the United States (1980)

James Oliver Horton and Lois Horton, Black Bostonians: Family Life and Community Struggle in the Antebellum North, (1981)

Leroy Graham, Baltimore: Nineteenth Century Black Capital (1982)

Larry Koger, Black Slaveowners: Free Black Slave Masters in South Carolina, (1984)

Ellen N. Lawson and Marlene D. Merrill, The Three Sarahs: Documents on Antebellum Black College Women, (1984)

Suzanne Lebsock, The Free Women of Petersburg: Status and Culture in a Southern Town, (1984)

James L. Roark, Black Masters: A Free Family of Color in the Old South, (1984)

James L. Roark, No Chariot Let Down: Charleston’s Free People of Color on the Eve of the Civil War, (1984)

Dorothy Sterling, We Are Your Sisters: Black Women in Nineteenth Century America, (1984)

Juliet E.K. Walker, Free Frank: A Black Pioneer on the Antebellum Frontier, (1984)

William Andrews, Sisters of the Spirit: Three Black Women’s Autobiographies of the 19th Century, (1986)

Joseph Boskin, Sambo: The Rise and Demise of an American Jester (1986)

Lamont D. Thomas, Rise to Be a People: A Biography of Paul Cuffee, (1986)

Marilyn Richardson, ed., Maria W. Stewart, America’s First Black Woman Political Writer, Essays and Speeches (1987)

Dorothy Sterling, Turning The World Upside Down: The Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women, 1838, (1987)

William L. Andrews, ed., Six Women’s Slave Narratives (1988)

William Cheek and Aimee Lee Cheek, John Mercer Langston and the Fight for Black Freedom, 1829-1865 (1988)

Edward D. Smith, Climbing Jacob’s Ladder: The Rise of Black Churches in Eastern American Cities, 1740-1877 (1988)

Julie Winch, Philadelphia’s Black Elite: Activism, Accommodation, and the Struggle for Autonomy, 1787-1848 (1988)

David E. Swift, Black Prophets of Justice: Activist Clergy before the Civil War (1989)

Adele Logan Alexander, Ambiguous Lives: Free Women of Color in Rural Georgia, 1789-1879 (1991)

Victoria E. Bynum, Unruly Women: The Politics of Social and Sexual Control in the Old South (1991)

David Roediger, The Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class (1991)

Henry Louis Gates, ed., The Schomburg Library of Nineteenth Century Black Women Writers (1992)

Lee H. Warner, Free Men in an Age of Servitude: Three Generations of a Black Family (1992)

Robert R. Dykstra, Bright Radical Star: Black Freedom and White Supremacy on the Hawkeye Frontier (1993)

Frances Smith Foster, Written By Herself: Literary Production by African American Women, 1746-1892 (1993)

James Oliver Horton, Free People of Color: Inside the African American Community (1993)

T.O. Madden, Jr., We Were Always Free, The Maddens of Culpeper County, Virginia: a 200-Year Family History (1993)

Carol Wilson, Freedom at Risk: The Kidnapping of Free Blacks in America, 1780-1865 (1993)

Adelaide M. Cromwell, The Other Brahmins: Boston’s Black Upper Class, 1750-1950 (1994)

George A. Levesque, Black Boston: African American Life and Culture in Urban American, 1750-1860 (1994)

Bernard E. Powers, Jr., Black Charlestonians: A Social History, 1822-1885 (1994)

Harry Reed, Platform for Change: The Foundations of the Northern Free Black Community, 1775-1865 (1994)

Rosemary Sadlier, Leading the Way: Black Women in Canada (1994)

Graham Russell Hodges, ed., Black Itinerants of the Gospel: The Narratives of John Jea & George White (1995)

Noel Ignatiev, How the Irish Became White (1995)

Kent Anderson Leslie, Woman of Color, Daughter of Privilege: Amanda America Dickson, 1849-1893 (1995)

Martin B. Pasternak, Rise Now and Fly to Arms: The Life of Henry Highland Garnet (1995)

Gerald T. Altoff, Amongst My Best Men: African Americans and the War of 1812 (1996)

John Hope Franklin, The Free Negro in North Carolina, 1790-1860 (1996)

James Oliver Horton and Lois E. Horton, In Hope of Liberty: Culture, Community and Protest Among Northern Free Blacks, 1700-1860 (1996)

Rosalind Cobb Wiggins, ed., Captain Paul Cuffe’s Logs and Letters, 1808-1817: A Black Quaker’s "Voice from within the Veil" (1996)

Tommy L. Bogger, Free Blacks in Norfolk, Virginia, 1790-1860: The Darker Side of Freedom (1997)

W. Jeffrey Bolster, Black Jacks: African American Seamen in the Age of Sail (1997)

Virginia Meacham Gould, Chained to the Rock of Adversity: To Be Free, Black, and Female in the Old South (1998)

Sybil Kein, ed., Creole: The History and Legacy of Louisiana’s Free People of Color (2000)

Craig Steven Wilder, A Covenant with Color: Race and Social Power in Brooklyn (2000)

Leslie M. Harris, In the Shadow of Slavery: African Americans in New York City, 1826-1863 (2003) 

Melvin Patrick Ely, Israel on the Appomattox: A Southern Experiment in Black Freedom From the 1790s Through the Civil War (2004)


The Civil War:

Elizabeth Keckley, Behind the Scenes: Or, Thirty Years a Slave, and Four Years in the White House (1869)

George Washington Williams, History of Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion (1888)

Susie King Taylor, Reminiscences of My Life in Camp (1902)

Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment (1962)

Dudley Taylor Cornish, The Sable Arm: Negro Troops in the Civil War (1966)

Benjamin Quarles, The Negro in the Civil War (1969)

Willie Lee Rose, Rehearsal for Reconstruction: The Port Royal Experiment (1976)

LaWanda Cox, Lincoln and Black Freedom: A Study in Presidential Leadership (1981)

Phyllis F. Field, The Politics of Race in New York: The Struggle for Black Suffrage in the Civil War Era (1982)

Clarence E. Walker, A Rock in a Weary Land: The African Methodist Episcopal Church during the Civil War and Reconstruction (1982)

Eric Foner, Nothing But Freedom: Emancipation and its Legacy (1983)

Michael P. Johnson and James L. Roark, eds., No Chariot Letdown: Charleston’s Free People of Color on the Eve of the Civil War (1984)

Ira Berlin, et al., eds., Freedom: A Documentary History of Emancipation (1985-1990)

Iver Bernstein, The New York City Draft Riots: Their Significance for American Society and Politics in the Age of the Civil War (1990)

Virginia Adams, ed., On the Altar of Freedom: A Black Soldier’s Civil War Letters from the Front (the letters of Corporal James Henry Gooding), (1991)

Edwin S. Redkey, ed., A Grand Army of Black Men: Letters from African American Soldiers in the Union Army, 1861-1865 (1993)

James G. Hollandsworth, Jr., The Louisiana Native Guards: The Black Military Experience During the Civil War (1995)

Ervin L. Jordan, Black Confederates and Afro-Yankees in Civil War Virginia (1995)

Donald Yacovone, ed., A Voice of Thunder: The Civil War Letters of George E. Stephens (1997)

John David Smith, ed., Black Soldiers in Blue: African American Troops in the Civil War Era (2002)

Mitch Kachun, Festivals of Freedom: Memory and Meaning in Africa American Emancipation Celebrations, 1808-1915 (2003)

Howard Zinn, A People’s History of the Civil War: Struggles for the Meaning of Freedom (2006)



John Mercer Langston, From the Virginia Plantation to the National Capital: Or the First and Only Negro Representative in Congress from the Old Dominion (1894)

W. E. B. DuBois, Black Reconstruction in America, 1860-1880 (1935)

Otis A. Singletary, Negro Militia and Reconstruction (1957)

Elizabeth Lawson, The Gentleman from Mississippi: Our First Negro Senator, Hiram Revels (1960)

Willie Lee Rose, Rehearsal for Reconstruction: The Port Royal Experiment (1964)

Forrest G. Wood, Black Scare: The Racist Response to Emancipation and Reconstruction (1970)

Okon Edet Uya, From Slavery to Public Service: Robert Smalls, 1839-1915 (1971)

Peggy Lamson, The Glorious Failure: Black Congressman Robert Brown Elliott and the Reconstruction in South Carolina (1973)

Richard Sutch, One Kind of Freedom: The Economic Consequences of Emancipation (1977)

Thomas Holt, Black Over White: Negro Political Leadership in South Carolina During Reconstruction (1979)

Leon Litwack, Been in the Storm So Long: The Aftermath of Slavery (1979)

Donald G. Nieman, To Set the Law in Motion: The Freedmen’s Bureau and the Legal Rights of Blacks, 1865-1868 (1979)

Janet Sharpe Hermann, The Pursuit of a Dream (1981)

William H. Harris, The Harder We Run: Black Workers Since the Civil War (1982)

Howard Rabinowitz, Southern Black Leaders of the Reconstruction Era (1982)

Dan T. Carter, When the War Was Over: The Failure of Self-Reconstruction in the South, 1865-1867 (1985)

Gerald David Jaynes, Branches Without Roots: Genesis of the Black Working Class in the American South, 1862-1882 (1986)

Eric Foner, Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877 (1988)

Ira Berlin, Thavolia Glymph, Steven F. Miller, Joseph P. Reidy, Leslie S. Rowland and Julie Saville, eds., Freedom: A Documentary History of Emancipation, 1861-1867 (1990)

William Cohen, At Freedom’s Edge: Black Mobility and the Southern White Quest for Racial Control, 1861-1915 (1991)

Roy E. Finkenbine, ed., Witness for Freedom: African American Voices on Race, Slavery, and Emancipation (1993)

Eric Foner, Freedom’s Lawmakers: A Directory of Black Officeholders During Reconstruction (1993)

William S. McFeely, Sapalo’s People: A Long Walk into Freedom (1994)

Julie Saville, The Work of Reconstruction: From Slave to Wage Labor in South Carolina, 1860-1870 (1994)

Edward A. Miller, Jr., Gullah Statesman: Robert Smalls from Slavery to Congress, 1839-1915 (1995)

Ann D. Gordon, African American Women and the Vote, 1837-1965 (1997)

Tera Hunter, To ‘Joy My Freedom: Southern Black Women’s Lives and Labors After the Civil War (1997)

James D. Schmidt, Free to Work: Labor Law, Emancipation and Reconstruction, 1815-1880 (1998)

Robert F. Engs, Freedom’s First Generation: Black Hampton, Virginia, 1861-1890 (2004)

Donald R. Shaffer, After the Glory: The Struggles of Black Civil War Veterans (2004)

Armistead L. Robinson, Bitter Fruits of Bondage: The Demise of Slavery and the Collapse of the Confederacy, 1861-1865 (2005)



Frank [Frances A.] Rollin, Life and Public Service of Martin R. Delany (1883)

Francis Greenwood Peabody, Education for Life: The Story of Hampton Institute (1920)

William E. Bittle and Gilbert L. Geis, The Longest Way Home: Chief Alfred Charles Sam’s Back to Africa Movement (1964)

Rayford W. Logan, The Betrayal of the Negro: From Rutherford B. Hayes to Woodrow Wilson (1965)

I. A. Newby, Jim Crow’s Defense: Anti-Negro Thought in America, 1900-1930 (1965)

C. Vann Woodward, The Strange Career of Jim Crow (1966)

Edwin S. Redkey, Black Exodus: Black Nationalist and Back-to-Africa Movements, 1890-1910 (1969)

Lawrence J. Friedman, The White Savage: Racial Fantasies in the PostBellum South (1970)

Allen Weinstein and Frank Otto Gatell, ed., The Segregation Era: 1863-1954, A Modern Reader (1970)

Okon E. Uya, From Slavery to Public Service: Robert Smalls, 1839-1915 (1971)

Emma Lou Thornbrough, T.Thomas Fortune: Militant Journalist (1972)

Peggy Lamson, The Glorious Failure: Black Congressman Robert Brown Elliott and Reconstruction in South Carolina (1973)

James Cartwright, The Triumph of Jim Crow: Tennessee Race Relations in the 1880s (1976)

Peter D. Klingman, Josiah Walls (1976)

Charles Vincent, Black Legislators in Louisiana During Reconstruction (1976)

Claude F. Oubre, Forty Acres and a Mule: The Freedman’s Bureau and Black Landownership (1978)

Howard N. Rabinowitz, Race Relations in the Urban South, 1865-1890 (1978)

Loren Schweninger, James T. Rapier and Reconstruction (1978)

Robert Higgs, Competition and Coercion: Blacks in the American Economy, 1865-1914 (1980)

George M. Frederickson, White Supremacy: A Comparative Study of American and South African History (1981)

Sylvia Jacobs, The African Nexus: Black American Perspectives on the European Partition of Africa, 1880-1920 (1981)

Peter J. Rachleff, Black Labor in the South: Richmond, Virginia, 1865-1890 (1984)

Joel Williamson, The Crucible of Race: Black-White Relations in the American South Since Emancipation (1984)

Gerald D. Jaynes, Branches without Roots: Genesis of the Black Working Class in the American South, 1862-1882 (1986)

Wilson Jeremiah Moses, The Golden Age of Black Nationalism, 1850-1925 (1988)

James D. Anderson, The Education of Blacks in the South, 1860-1910 (1989)

Orville Vernon Burton, In My Father’s House are Many Mansions: Family and Community in Edgefield, South Carolina (1990)

Edmund L. Drago, Initiative, Paternalism, and Race Relations: Charleston’s Avery Normal Institute (1990)

George C. Wright, Racial Violence in Kentucky, 1865-1940: Lynchings, Mob Rule, and "Legal Lynchings" (1990)

Janette Thomas Greenwood, Bittersweet Legacy: The Black and White "Better Classes" in Charlotte, 1850-1910 (1991)

Jay R. Mandle, Not Slave, Not Free: The African American Economic Experience since the Civil War (1992)

Wilson Jeremiah Moses, Alexander Crummell: A Study of Civilization and Discontent, (1992)

Milfred C. Fierce, Slavery Revisited: Blacks and the Southern Convict Lease System, 1865-1933 (1994)

Roger Strietmatter, Raising Her Voice: African American Women Journalists Who Changed History (1994)

George Frederickson, Black Liberation: A Comparative History of Black Ideologies in the United States and South Africa (1995)

Kent Anderson Leslie, Woman of Color, Daughter of Privilege: Amanda America Dickson, 1849-1893 (1995)

Edward A. Miller, Gullah Statesman: Robert Smalls, From Slavery to Congress, 1839-1915 (1995)

Carla Peterson, “Doers of the Word”: African American Women Speakers & Writers in the North (1830-1880) (1995)

Stephanie Shaw, What a Woman Ought to Be and to Do: Black Professional Women During the Jim Crow Era (1995)

Richard Sears, A Utopian Experiment in Kentucky: Integration and Social Equality at Berea, 1866-1904 (1996)

Neil Foley, The White Scourge: Mexicans, Blacks, and Poor Whites in Texas Cotton Culture (1997)

Leslie A. Schwalm, A Hard Fight for We: Women’s Transition from Slavery to Freedom in South Carolina (1997)

Steven Hahn, A Nation Under Our Feet: Black Political Struggles in the Rural South From Slavery to the Great Migration (2003)

Kali N. Gross, Colored Amazons: Crime, Violence, and Black Women in the City of Brotherly Love, 1880-1910 (2006)


African Americans and 19thth Century Religion:

Sylvia Jacobs, Black Americans and the Missionary Movement in Africa (1982)

Clarence E. Walker, A Rock in a Weary Land: The African Methodist Episcopal Church during the Civil War and Reconstruction (1982)

James M. Washington, Frustrated Fellowship: The Black Baptist Quest for Social Power (1982)

Iain MacRobert, The Black Roots and White Racism of Early Pentecostalism in the USA (1988)

Cyprian Davis, The History of Black Catholics in the United States (1990)

Stephen Angell, Bishop Henry McNeal Turner and African-American Religion in the South, (1992)

Walter F. Pitts, Old Ship of Zion: The Afro-Baptist Ritual in the African Diaspora, (1992)

Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham, Righteous Discontent: The Women’s Movement in the Black Baptist Church, 1880-1920 (1993)

William E. Montgomery, Under Their Own Vine and Fig Tree: The African American Church in the South, 1865-1900 (1993)

Harold T. Lewis, Yet With a Steady Beat: The African American Struggle for Recognition in the Episcopal Church (1996)

Sister Mary Bernard Deggs, No Cross, No Crown: Black Nuns in Nineteenth Century New Orleans (2001)


The West:

Henry O. Flipper, The Colored Cadet at West Point: The Autobiography of Lieut. Henry Ossian Flipper: The First Graduate of Color from the U.S. Military Academy (1878)

Jimmie Lewis Franklin, Journey Toward Hope: A History of Blacks in Oklahoma (1971)

Kenneth W. Porter, The Negro on the American Frontier (1971)

M. Thomas Bailey, Reconstruction in Indian Territory: A Story of Avarice, Discrimination, and Opportunism (1972)

Alwyn Barr, Black Texans: A History of Negroes in Texas, 1828-1971 (1973)

Kenneth G. Goode, California’s Black Pioneers: A Brief Historical Survey (1974)

Elmer R. Rusco, "Good Time Coming?" Black Nevadans in the Nineteenth Century (1975)

Nell I. Painter, Exodusters: Black Migration to Kansas after Reconstruction (1976)

W. Sherman Savage, Blacks in the West (1976)

Norman L. Crockett, The Black Towns (1979)

Elizabeth McLagan, A Peculiar Paradise: A History of Blacks in Oregon, 1788-1940 (1980)

Kenneth M. Hamilton, Black Towns and Profit: Promotion and Development in the Trans-Appalachian West, 1877-1915 (1991)

Gary R. Kremer, James Milton Turner and the Promise of America: The Public Life of a Post-Civil War Black Leader (1991)

Quintard Taylor, In Search of the Racial Frontier: African Americans in the American West, 1528-1990 (1998)

Lawrence B. de Graaf, Kevin Mulroy and Quintard Taylor, eds., Seeking El Dorado: African Americans in California (2001)

Quintard Taylor and Shirley Ann Wilson Moore, African American Women Confront the West, 1600-2000 (2003)


Black Thought in the Age of Booker T. Washington:

Booker T. Washington, Up From Slavery: An Autobiography (1900)

William Hannibal Thomas, The American Negro: What He Was, What He Is, and What He May Become (1901)

W. E. B. DuBois, The Souls of Black Folk (1903)

American Negro Academy, The Negro and the Elective Franchise (1905)

William Ivy Hair, Carnival of Fury: Robert Charles and the New Orleans Race Riot of 1900 (1963)

Howard Brotz, ed., Negro Social and Political Thought, 1850-1920: Representative Texts (1966)

August Meier, Negro Thought in America, 1880-1915: Racial Ideologies in the Age of Booker T. Washington (1969)

John H. Bracey, Jr., August Meier, and Elliott Rudwick, ed., Black Nationalism in America (1970)

Stephen R. Fox, The Guardian of Boston: William Monroe Trotter (1970)

Ida B. Wells, Crusader for Justice: The Autobiography of Ida B. Wells (1970)

Peter Gilbert, ed., The Selected Writings of John Edward Bruce: Militant Black Journalist (1971)

August Meier, Elliott Rudwick and Francis L. Broderick, eds., Black Protest Thought in the Twentieth Century (1971)

Edwin S. Redkey, ed, Respect Black: The Writings and Speeches of Henry McNeal Turner (1971)

Peter Daniel, The Shadow of Slavery: Peonage in the South (1972)

Louis R. Harlan, et. al. eds., The Booker T. Washington Papers (14 vols.) (1972-1989)

W. E. B. DuBois, The Autobiography of W. E. B. DuBois: A Soliloquy on Viewing My Life from the Last Decade of its First Century (1975)

D. Joy Humes, Oswald Garrison Villard: Liberal of the 1920s (1977)

William Toll, The Resurgence of Race: Black Social Theory from Reconstruction to the Pan-African Conferences (1979)

Manning Marable, W. E. B. DuBois: Black Radical Democrat (1986)

Charles A. Lofgren, The Plessey Case: A Legal-Historical Interpretation (1987)

Neil R. McMillen, Dark Journey: Black Mississippians in the Age of Jim Crow (1989)

Mildred I. Thompson, Ida B. Wells-Barnett: An Exploratory Study of an American Black Woman, 1893-1930 (1990)

David Levering Lewis, W. E. B. DuBois: Biography of a Race, 1868-1919 (1993)

Miriam DeCosta-Wills, The Memphis Diary of Ida B. Wells: An Intimate Portrait of the Activist as a Young Woman (1994)

Donald G. Nieman, ed., African Americans and the Emergence of Segregation, 1865-1900 (1994)

Shamoon Zamir, Dark Voices: W. E. B. DuBois & American Thought, 1888-1903 (1995)

Cary D. Wintz, ed., African American Political Thought, 1890-1930 (1996)

W. Fitzhugh Brundage, ed., Under Sentence of Death: Lynching in the South (1997)

Kevin K. Gaines, Uplifting the Race: Black Leadership, Politics, and Culture in the Twentieth Century (1997)

Glenda Elizabeth Gilmore, Gender and Jim Crow: Women and the Politics of White Supremacy in North Carolina, 1896-1920 (1997)

Tunde Adeleke, ed., Booker T. Washington: Interpretative Essays (1998)

Grace Elizabeth Hale, Making Whiteness: The Culture of Segregation in the South, 1890-1940 (1998)

Michael B. Katz and Thomas J. Sugrue, eds., W. E. B. DuBois, Race, and the City: The Philadelphia Negro and Its Legacy (1998)

Leon Litwack, Trouble in Mind: Black Southerners in the Age of Jim Crow (1998)

David Levering Lewis, W. E. B. DuBois: The Fight for Equality and the American Century, 1919-1963 (2000)

Christopher Robert Reed, All the World is Here: The Black Presence at White City (2000)

Sister Mary Bernard Deggs, No Cross, No Crown: Black Nuns in Nineteenth Century New Orleans (2001)

Rayvon Fouche, Black Inventors in the Age of Segregation: Granville T. Woods, Lewis H. Latimer and Shelby J. Davidson (2003)

Jerrold M. Packard, American Nightmare: The History of Jim Crow (2003)

Thomas Adams Upchurch, Legislating Racism: The Billion Dollar Congress and the Birth of Jim Crow (2004)


Social, Cultural, and Intellectual Studies:

Anna Julia Cooper, A Voice from the South (1892)

Mrs. N. F. Mossell, The Work of the Afro-American Woman (1896)

Charles F. Kellogg, NAACP: A History of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (1967)

Arnold H. Taylor, Travail and Triumph: Black Life and Culture in the South Since the Civil War (1976)

Robert L. Zangrando, The NAACP Campaign against Lynching, 1909-1950 (1980)

Linda O. McMurry, George Washington Carver: Scientist and Symbol (1981)

Kenneth R. Manning, Black Apollo of Science: The Life of Ernest Everett Just (1983)

Errol Hill, Shakespeare in Sable: A History of Black Shakespearean Actors (1984)

John Hope Franklin, George Washington Williams: A Biography (1985)

William Turner and Edward J. Cabbell, Blacks in Appalachia (1985)

Barbara H. Andolsen, Daughters of Jefferson, Daughters of Bootblacks: Racism and American Feminism (1986)

Paula Giddings, In Search of Sisterhood: Delta Sigma Theta and the Challenge of the Black Sorority Movement (1988)

Beverly Washington Jones, Quest for Equality: The Life and Writings of Mary Eliza Church Terrell, 1863-1954 (1990)

Jerry G. Watts Heroism and the Black Intellectual: Ralph Ellison, Politics, and Afro-American Intellectual Life (1990)

Clarence E. Walker, Deromanticizing Black History: Critical Essays and Reappraisals (1991)

Jacqueline Goggin, Carter G. Woodson: A Life in Black History (1992)

Sudarshan Kapur, Raising Up A Prophet: The African American Encounter with Gandhi (1992)

Kathy Russell, Midge Wilson and Ronald Hall, The Color Complex: The Politics of Skin Color Among African Americans (1992)

Wayne J. Urban, Black Scholar: Horace Mann Bond, 1904-1972 (1992)

Kenneth Robert Janken, Rayford W. Logan and the Dilemma of the African-American Intellectual (1993)

Ben Keppel, The Work of Democracy: Ralph Bunche, Kenneth B. Clark, Lorraine Hansberry and the Cultural Politics of Race (1995)

Mary White Ovington, Black and White Sat Down Together: The Reminiscences of an NAACP Founder (1995)

William M. Banks, Black Intellectuals (1996)

Richard Sears, A Utopian Experiment in Kentucky: Integration and Social Equality at Berea, 1866-1904 (1996)

Daryl Michael Scott, Contempt and Pity: Social Policy and the Image of the Damaged Black Psyche, 1880-1996 (1996)

Michael Tonry, Malign Neglect: Race, Crime, and Punishment in America (1996)

Jonathan Coleman, Long Way to Go: Black and White in America (1997)

Ross Posnock, Color and Culture: Black Writers and the Making of the Modern Intellectual (1998)

Paul Gilroy, Against Race: Imagining Political Culture Beyond the Color Line (2000)

Gerald Horne, Race Woman: The Lives of Shirley Graham Du Bois (2000)

Benjamin P. Bowser and Louis Kushnick, Against the Odds: Scholars Who Challenged Racism in the Twentieth Century (2002)

Jonathan Scott Holloway, Confronting the Veil: Abram Harris Jr., E. Franklin Frazier, and Ralph Bunche, 1919-1941 (2002)

Ralph Crowder, John Edward Bruce: The Legacy of a Politician, Journalist, and Self-Trained Historian of the African Diaspora (2003)

Gilbert Jonas, Freedom’s Sword: The NAACP and the Struggle Against Racism in America, 1909-1969 (2005)


African Americans and the Military:

Arthur W. Little, From Harlem to the Rhine: The Story of New York’s Colored Volunteers (1936)

William H. Leckie, The Buffalo Soldiers: A Narrative of the Negro Cavalry in the West (1967)

Willard Gatewood, ed., Smoked Yankees and the Struggle for Empire: Letters from Negro Soldiers, 1898-1902 (1971)

John D. Weaver, The Brownsville Raid (1971)

Arthur E. Barbeau and Florette Henri, Black American Troops in World War I (1974)

Robert V. Haynes, A Night of Violence: The Houston Riot of 1917 (1976)

Alan Osur, Blacks in the Army Air Forces during World War II: The Problem of Race Relations (1977)

Wallace Terry, Bloods: An Oral History of the Vietnam War by Black Veterans (1984)

Philip McGuire, He, Too, Spoke for Democracy: Judge Hastie, World War II, and the Black Soldier (1985)

Robert Allen, Port Chicago Mutiny: The Story of the Largest Mass Mutiny in U.S. Naval History (1989)

Charity Adams Earley, One Woman’s Army: A Black Officer Remembers the WAC (1989)

Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., American: An Autobiography (1991)

Robert J. Jakeman, The Divided Skies: Establishing Segregated Flight Training at Tuskegee, Alabama, 1934-1942, (1992)

Philip McGuire, ed., Taps For a Jim Crow Army: Letters from Black Soldiers in World War II (1992)

Lou Potter, Liberators: Fighting on Two Fronts in World War II (1992)

Martha S. Putney, When the Nation Was in Need: Blacks in the Women’s Army Corps During World War II (1992)

Stanley Sandler, Segregated Skies: All-Black Combat Squadrons of World War II (1992)

Paul Stillwell, ed., The Golden Thirteen: Recollections of the First Black Naval Officers (1993)

Judy Barrett Litoff and David C. Smith, We’re in this War Too: World War II Letters from African American Women in Uniform (1994)

Lawrence P. Scott and William M. Womack, Sr., Double V: The Civil Rights Struggle of the Tuskegee Airmen (1994)

Mary Pat Kelly, Proudly We Served: The Men of the USS Mason (1995)

Brenda L. Moore, To Serve My Country, To Serve My Race: The Story of the Only African American WACS Stationed Overseas during World War II (1996)

Charles W. Dryden, A-Train: Memoirs of a Tuskegee Airman (1997)

Curtis Morrow, What’s a Commie Ever Done to Black People? A Korean War Memoir of Fighting in the U.S. Army’s Last All Negro Unit (1997)

Charles Moskos, All That We Can Be: Black Leadership and Racial Integration, the Army Way (1997)

Maureen Honey, Bitter Fruit: African American Women in World War II (1999)

Herman Graham III, The Brothers’ Vietnam War: Black Power, Manhood, and the Military Experience (2003)


Black Migration and Pre-20th Century Urban Studies:

W. E. B. DuBois, The Philadelphia Negro: A Social Study (1899)

W. E. B. DuBois, The Black North in 1901: A Social Study (1969)

John Blassingame, Black New Orleans, 1860-1880 (1973)

David Katzman, Before the Ghetto: Black Detroit in the Nineteenth Century (1973)

Hollis R. Lynch, ed., The Black Urban Condition: A Documentary History, 1866-1971 (1973)

Douglas Henry Daniels, Pioneer Urbanites: A Social and Cultural History of Black San Francisco (1980)

Esther Hall Mumford, Seattle’s Black Victorians, 1852-1901 (1980)

Thomas C. Cox, Blacks in Topeka, Kansas 1865-1915, A Social History (1982)

Roberta Senechal, The Sociogenesis of a Race Riot: Springfield, Illinois, in 1908 (1990)

William Cohen, At Freedom’s Edge: Black Mobility and the Southern White Quest for Racial Control, 1861-1915 (1991)

Nina Mjagkij, Light in the Darkness: African Americans and the YMCA, 1852-1946 (1992)

Elisabeth Lasch-Quinn, Black Neighbors: Race and the Limits of Reform in the American Settlement House Movement, 1890-1945 (1993)

Michael D’Orso, Rosewood (1996)

Irma Watkins-Owens, Blood Relations: Caribbean Immigrants and the Harlem Community, 1900-1930 (1996)

Neil Foley, The White Scourge: Mexicans, Blacks, and Poor Whites in Texas Cotton Culture (1997)

Sherry Sherrod Dupree, The Rosewood Massacre at a Glance (1998)

Henry Lewis Suggs, ed., The Black Press in the Middle West, 1865-1985 (1997)


The Great Migration:

Abraham Epstein, The Negro Migrant to Pittsburgh (1918)

Carter G. Woodson, A Century of Negro Migration (1918)

U.S. Department of Labor, Division of Negro Economics, Negro Migration in 1916-1917 (1919)

Emmett J. Scott, Negro Migration During the War (1920)

Thomas J. Woofter, Negro Migration (1920)

Louise V. Kennedy, The Negro Peasant Turns Cityward (1930)

Clyde Kiser, Sea Island to City: A Study of St. Helena Islanders in Harlem and Other Urban Centers (1932)

Ira De Augustine Reid, The Negro Immigrant: His Background, Characteristics and Social Adjustments, 1899-1937 (1939)

Elliott M. Rudwick, Race Riot at East St. Louis, July 2, 1917 (1964)

William M. Tuttle, Race Riot: Chicago in the Red Summer of 1919 (1970)

Florette Henri, Black Migration: Movement North, 1900-1920 (1976)

Neil Fligstein, Going North: Migration of Blacks and Whites from the South, 1900-1950 (1981)

Spencer Crew, Field to Factory: Afro-American Migration, 1915-1940 (1987)

W. Burghardt Turner and Joyce Moore Turner, eds., Richard B. Moore, Caribbean Militant in Harlem: Collected Writings, 1920-1972 (1988)

Carole Marks, Farewell?We’re Good and Gone: The Great Black Migration, (1989)

Adrienne Lash Jones, Jane Edna Hunter: A Case Study of Black Leadership, 1910-1950 (1990)

Beverly Washington Jones, Quest for Equality: The Life and Writings of Mary Eliza Church Terrell, 1863-1954 (1990)

Nicholas Lemann, The Promised Land: The Great Black Migration and How It Changed America (1990)

Mildred I. Thompson, Ida B. Wells-Barnett: An Exploratory Study of an American Black Woman, 1893-1930 (1990)

Alferdteen Harrison, ed., Black Exodus: The Great Migration from the American South (1991)

Joe W. Trotter, ed., The Great Migration in Historical Perspective: New Dimensions of Race, Class & Gender (1991)

Malaika Adero, ed., Up South: Stories, Studies and Letters of This Century’s African American Migrations (1993)

Elizabeth Lasch-Quinn, Black Neighbors: Race and the Limits of Reform in the American Settlement House Movement (1993)

Howard Rabinowitz, ed., Race, Ethnicity, and Urbanization: Selected Essays (1993)

Farah Jasmine Griffin, Who Set You Flowin?: The African American Migration Narrative (1995)

Vanessa Northington Gamble, Making a Place for Ourselves: The Black Hospital Movement, 1920-1945 (1995)

Mark Robert Schneider, Boston Confronts Jim Crow, 1890-1920 (1997)

Carolyn Wedin, Inheritors of the Spirit: Mary White Ovington and the Founding of the NAACP (1998)


Community Building/The Black Metropolis:

St. Clair Drake and Horace Cayton, Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City (1945)

Gilbert Osofsky, Harlem: The Making of A Ghetto, 1890-1930 (1966)

Allen Spear, Black Chicago: The Making of a Negro Ghetto (1967)

Kenneth L. Kusmer, A Ghetto Takes Shape: Black Cleveland, 1870-1930 (1976)

Harold X. Connolly, A Ghetto Grows in Brooklyn (1977)

Theodore Kornweibel, Jr., ed. In Search of the Promised Land: Essays in Black Urban History (1981)

Arnold R. Hirsch, Making the Second Ghetto, Race and Housing in Chicago, 1940-1960 (1983)

Joe W. Trotter, Black Milwaukee: The Making of An Industrial Proletariat, 1915-1945 (1985)

George C. Wright, Life Behind A Veil: Blacks in Louisville, Kentucky, 1865-1930 (1985)

Darrrel E. Bigham, We Ask Only A Fair Trial: A History of the Black Community of Evansville, Indiana (1987)

Robert D. Bullard, Invisible Houston: The Black Experience in Boom and Bust (1987)

Peter Gottlieb, Making Their Own Way: Southern Blacks’ Migration to Pittsburgh, 1916-1930 (1987)

James R. Grossman, Land of Hope: Chicago, Black Southerners, and the Great Migration (1989)

Cheryl Lynn Greenberg, "Or Does It Explode?" Black Harlem in the Great Depression (1991)

Earl Lewis, In Their Own Interests: Race, Class, and Power in Twentieth-Century Norfolk, Virginia (1991)

Richard W. Thomas, Life is for Us What We Make It: Building Black Community in Detroit, 1915-1945 (1992)

Albert S. Broussard, Black San Francisco: The Struggle for Racial Equality in the West, 1900-1954 (1993)

Henry Louis Taylor, ed., Race and the City: Work, Community, and Protest in Cincinnati, 1820-1970 (1993)

Quintard Taylor, The Forging of A Black Community: Seattle’s Central District from 1870 through the Civil Rights Era (1994)

Ronald H. Bayor, Race and the Shaping of Twentieth-Century Atlanta (1996)

Kenneth W. Goings and Raymond A. Mohl, eds., The New African American Urban History (1996)

Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo, Abiding Courage: African American Migrant Women and the East Bay Community (1996)

Thomas J. Sugrue, The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit (1996)

Robert W. Weems, Jr., Black Business in the Black Metropolis: The Chicago Metropolitan Assurance Company, 1925-1985 (1996)

Christopher Robert Reed, The Chicago NAAPC and the Rise of Black Professional Leadership, 1910-1966 (1997)

Kimberley L. Phillips, AlabamaNorth: African-American Migrants, Community, and Working-Class Activism in Cleveland, 1915-45 (1999)

Shirley Ann Wilson Moore, To Place Our Deeds: The African American Community in Richmond, California, 1910-1963 (2000)

Henry Louis Taylor and Walter Hill, eds., Historical Roots of the Urban Crisis: African Americans in the Industrial City, 1900-1950 (2000)

Victoria W. Wolcott, Remaking Respectability: African American Women in Interwar Detroit (2001)

Sherry Lamb Schirmer, A City Divided: The Racial Landscape of Kansas City, 1900-1960 (2002)

David Schuyler, A City Transformed: Redevelopment, Race, and Suburbanization in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1940-1980 (2003)

Robert O. Self, American Babylon: Race and the Struggle for Postwar Oakland (2003)

Josh Sides, L.A. City Limits: African American Los Angeles from the Great Depression to the Present (2003)

R. J. Smith, The Great Black Way: L.A. in the 1940s and the Lost African American Renaissance (2006)


The Harlem Renaissance:

Alain Locke, ed., The New Negro: An Interpretation (1925)

James Weldon Johnson, Along This Way (1933)

Langston Hughes, The Big Sea, (1940)

June Sochen, ed., The Black Man and the American Dream: Negro Aspirations in America, 1900-1930 (1971)

Arna Bontemps, ed., The Harlem Renaissance Remembered, (1972)

Arnold Rampersad, The Life of Langston Hughes, Volume II: 1941-1967: I Dream a World (1972)

Nathan Irvin Huggins, Harlem Renaissance (1973)

Eugene Levy, James Weldon Johnson: Black Leader, Black Voice (1973)

Michael W. Peplow and Arthur P. Davis, ed., The New Negro Renaissance: An Anthology (1975)

Nathan Irvin Huggins, ed., Voices from the Harlem Renaissance (1976)

Robert Hemenway, Zora Neale Hurston: A Literary Biography (1977)

David Levering Lewis, When Harlem Was in Vogue (1981)

Arnold Rampersad, The Life of Langston Hughes, Volume I: 1902-1941: I, Too Sing America (1986)

Wayne F. Cooper, Claude McKay, Rebel Sojourner in the Harlem Renaissance (1987)

Gloria T. Hull, Color, Sex, and Poetry: Three Women Writers of the Harlem Renaissance (1987)

Cynthia E. Kerman, The Lives of Jean Toomer: A Hunger for Wholeness (1987)

Victor A. Kramer, ed., The Harlem Renaissance Re-examined (1987)

Margaret Walker, Richard Wright, Daemonic Genius: A Portrait of the Man, a Critical Look at His Work (1988)

Nellie Y. McKay, Jean Toomer, Artist: A Study of His Literary Life and Work, 1894-1936 (1990)

Tyronne Tillery, Claude McKay: A Black Poet’s Struggle for Identity (1992)

Thadious M. Davis, Nella Larsen: Novelist of the Harlem Renaissance (1994)

Cheryl A. Wall, Women of the Harlem Renaissance (1995)

Steven Watson, The Harlem Renaissance: Hub of African American Culture, 1920-1930 (1995)

Henry Louis Gates and Nellie Y. McKay, eds., Norton Anthology of African American Literature (1997)

Pamela Bordelon, ed., Go Gator and Muddy the Water: Writings by Zora Neale Hurston from the Federal Writers Project (1999)

Carole Marks and Diana Edkins, The Power of Pride: Stylemakers and Rulebreakers of the Harlem Renaissance (1999)

Tiffany R. Patterson, Zora Neale Hurston and A History of Southern Life (2005)


Twentieth Century Black Music:

W.C. Handy, Father of the Blues: An Autobiography (1941)

Alan Lomax, Mr. Jelly Roll: The Fortunes of Jelly Roll Morton, New Orleans Creole and “Inventor of Jazz” (1950)

Eileen Southern, The Music of Black Americans: A History (1983)

George Nelson, “Where Did Our Love Go?”: The Rise and Fall of the Motown Sound (1985)

William Barlow, Looking Up at Down: The Emergence of Blues Culture (1989)

Robert G. O’Meally, Lady Day: The Many Faces of Billie Holliday (1991)

Michael W. Harris, The Rise of Gospel Blues: The Music of Thomas Andrew Dorsey in the Urban Church (1992)

Errol Henderson, Black Nationalism and Rap Music (1992)

Jules Schwerin, Go To Tell It: Mahalia Jackson, Queen of Gospel (1992)

Brian Cross, It’s Not about a Salary…Rap, Race and Resistance in Los Angeles (1993)

Steven C. Tracy, Going to Cincinnati: A History of the Blues in the Queen City (1993)

Burton W. Peretti, The Creation of Jazz: Music, Race, and Culture in Urban America (1993)

Donald Clarke, Wishing on the Moon: The Life and Times of Billie Holiday (1994)

Craig H. Werner, Playing the Changes: From Afro-Modernism to the Jazz Impulse (1994)

Tricia Rose, Black Noise: Rap Music and Black Culture in Contemporary America (1994)

Gerald L Early, One Nation Under A Grove: Motown and American Culture (1995)

Samuel A Floyd, Jr., The Power of Black Music: Interpreting Its History from Africa to the United States (1995)

Scot De Veaux, BeBop: A Social and Musical History (1997)

Brian Ward, Just My Soul Responding: Rhythm and Blues, Black Consciousness, and Race Relations (1998)

George Nelson, Hip Hop America (1999)

Alyn Shipton, Groovin’ High: The Life of Dizzy Gillespie (1999)

Suzanne E. Smith, Dancing in the Street: Motown and the Cultural Politics of Detroit (1999)

Craig H. Werner, A Change is Gonna Come: Music, Race & the Soul of America (1999)

Charley Gerard, Jazz in Black and White: Race, Culture and Identity in the Jazz Community (2001)

Gerald L. Posner, Motown: Music, Money, Sex and Power (2002)

Guthrie P. Ramsey, Race Music: Black Cultures from Bebop to Hip-Hop (2003)

Jeff Chang, Can’t Stop, Won’t Stop: A History of the Hip Hop Generation (2005)


African Americans and Organized Labor:

William H. Harris, Keeping the Faith: A Philip Randolph, Milton P. Webster and the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, 1927-1937 (1977)

Charles Denby, Indignant Heart: The Journal of An Afro-American Automobile Worker, (1979).

August Meier and Elliott Rudwick, Black Detroit and the Rise of the UAW (1979)

William H. Harris, The Harder We Run: Black Workers in America, (1982)

Jervis Anderson, A Philip Randolph: A Biographical Portrait (1983)

Henry V. McKiven, Jr., Iron and Steel: Class, Race, and Community in Birmingham, Alabama, 1875-1920 (1989)

Jack Santino, Miles of Smiles, Years of Struggle: Stories of Black Pullman Porters (1989)

Joseph E. Wilson, ed., Tearing Down the Color Bar: A Documentary History and Analysis of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (1989)

Paula F. Pfeiffer, A Philip Randolph, Pioneer of the Civil Rights Movement (1990)

Eric Arnesen, Waterfront Workers of New Orleans: Race, Class and Politics, 1863-1923 (1991)

Michael K. Honey, Southern Labor and Black Civil Rights: Organizing Memphis Workers (1993)

Keith Griffler, What Price Alliance?: Black Radicals Confront White Labor, 1918-1938 (1995)

Rick Halpern, Down on the Killing Floor: Black and White Workers in Chicago’s Packinghouses, 1904-54 (1997)

Roger Howorwitz, “Negro and White, Unite and Fight”: A Social History of Industrial Unionism in Meatpacking, 1930-90, (1997)

Daniel Letwin, The Challenge of Interracial Unionism: Alabama Coal Miners, 1878-1921 (1998)

Calvin Winslow, ed., Waterfront Workers: New Perspectives on Race and Class (1998)

Bruce Nelson, Divided We Stand: American Workers and the Struggle for Black Equality (2001)

Heather Ann Thompson, Whose Detroit? Politics, Labor and Race in a Modern American City (2001)

Beth Tompkins Bates, Pullman Porters and the Rise of Protest Politics in Black America, 1925-1945 (2001)

Ruth Needleman, Black Freedom Fighters in Steel: The Struggle for Democratic Unionism (2003)

Horace Huntley and David Montgomery, eds., Black Workers’ Struggle for Equality in Birmingham (2004)

Larry Tye, Rising From the Rails: Pullman Porters and the Making of the Black Middle Class (2004)



E. David Cronon, Black Moses: The Story of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association (1955)

Marcus Garvey, Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey (1969)

Tony Martin, Race First: The Ideological and Organizational Struggles of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association (1976)

Emory J. Tolbert, The UNIA and Black Los Angeles: Ideology and Community in the American Garvey Movement, (1980)

Robert A. Hill, et. al. eds., The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers (7 vols.) (1983-1990)

Judith Stein, The World of Marcus Garvey: Race and Class in Modern Society (1991)

Ula Yvette Taylor, The Veiled Garvey: The Life and Times of Amy Jacques Garvey (2002)


The African American Left:

Wilson Record, The Negro and the Communist Party (1951)

Benjamin Davis, Communist Councilman from Harlem (1969)

Henry Williams, The Black Response to the American Left: 1917-1929 (1973)

Harry Haywood, Black Bolshevik: Autobiography of an Afro-American Communist (1978)

Mark Naison, Communists in Harlem During the Depression (1983)

Cedric J. Robinson, Black Marxism: The Making of a Black Radical Tradition (1983)

Manning Marable, W. E. B. DuBois: Black Radical Democrat (1986)

Philip S. Foner and James S. Allen, eds., American Communism and Black Americans: A Documentary history, 1919-1929 (1987)

Robert Robinson, Black on Red: My 44 Years Inside the Soviet Union (1988)

Robin D. G. Kelley, Hammer and Hoe: Alabama Communists During the Great Depression (1990)

Gerald Horne, Black Liberation/Red Scare: Ben Davis and the Communist Party (1991)

Yelena Khanga, Soul to Soul: A Black Russian American Family, 1865-1992 (1992)

Robin D G. Kelley, Race Rebels: Culture, Politics, and the Black Working Class (1994)

Earl Ofari Hutchinson, Blacks and Reds: Race and Class in Conflict, 1919-1990 (1995)

Theodore Kornweibel, Jr., Seeing Red: Federal Campaigns against Black Militancy, 1919-1925 (1998)

Mark Solomon, The Cry Was Unity: Communists and African Americans, 1917-1936 (1998)

Bill Mullen, Popular Fronts: Chicago and African American Cultural Politics, 1935-46 (1999)

Robin D. G. Kelley, Freedom Dreams: The Black Radical Imagination (2002)


African Americans and the Great Depression:

Roi Ottley, The Lonely Warrior: The Life and Times of Robert S. Abbott (1955)

Raymond Wolters, Negroes and the Great Depression: The Problem of Economic Recovery (1970)

Robert Buni, Robert L. Vann of the Pittsburgh Courier (1974)

Nancy Weiss, Farewell to the Party of Lincoln: Black Politics in the Age of FDR (1983)

Kenneth W. Goings, The NAACP Comes of Age: The Defeat of Judge John J. Parker (1990)

Linda Reed, Simple Decency and Common Sense: The Southern Conference Movement, 1938-1963 (1991)

Charles P. Henry, Ralph J. Bunche: Selected Speeches and Writings (1996)

Patricia Sullivan, Days of Hope: Race and Democracy in the New Deal Era (1996)

Vanessa Siddle Walker, Their Highest Potential: An African American School Community in the Segregated South (1996)


African Americans and 20th Century Religion:

Randall K. Burkett, Garveyism as a Religious Movement: The Institutionalization of a Black Civil Religion (1978)

Ida Rousseau Mukenge, The Black Church in Urban America: A Case Study in Political Economy (1983)

Robert Weisbrot, Father Divine and the Struggle for Racial Equality, (1983)

Iain MacRobert, The Black Roots and White Racism of Early Pentecostalism in the U.S.A. (1988)

C. Eric Lincoln and Lawrence H. Mamiya, The Black Church in the African American Experience (1990)

Jill Watts, God, Harlem U.S.A.: The Father Divine Story (1991)

Dona Irvin, The Unsung Heart of Black America: A Middle Class Church at Mid-century (1992)

Michael A. Koszegi and J. Gordon Melton, Islam in North America (1992)

Steven Barboza, American Jihad: Islam After Malcolm X (1993)

Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham, Righteous Discontent: The Women’s Movement in the Black Baptist Church, 1880-1920 (1993)

Robert Gregg, Sparks from the Anvil of Oppression: Philadelphia’s African Methodists and Southern Migrants, 1890-1940 (1994)

Martha F. Lee, The Nation of Islam: An American Millenarian Movement (1996)

Clifton E. Marsh, From Black Muslims to Muslims (1996)

Clarence Taylor, The Black Churches of Brooklyn (1996)

Claude Andrew Clegg III, An Original Man: The Life and Times of Elijah Muhammad (1997)

France Davis, Light in the Midst of Zion: A History of Black Baptists in Utah, 1892-1996 (1997)

Milton C. Sernett, Bound for the Promised Land: African American Religion and the Great Migration (1997)

Yvonne Chireau and Nathaniel Deutsch, eds., Black Zion: African American Religious Encounters with Judaism (2000)

Calvin H. Bowers, Realizing the California Dream: The Story of the Black Churches of Christ in Los Angeles (2001)

Richard Brent Turner, Islam in the African American Experience (2003)

Cornel West and Eddie S. Glaude, Jr., eds., African American Religious Thought: An Anthology (2003)


The 1940s and 1950s:

Henry Lee Moon, Balance of Power: The Negro Vote (1948)

Daisy Bates, The Long Shadow of Little Rock: Memoir (1962)

William C. Berman, The Politics of Civil Rights in the Truman Administration (1970)

A. Russell Buchanon, Black America in World War II (1977)

Harvard Sitkoff, A New Deal for Blacks, The Emergence of Civil Rights as a National Issue: The Depression Decade (1978)

Gilbert Ware, William Hastie: Grace Under Pressure (1984)

Patricia Scott Washburn, A Question of Sedition: The Federal Government’s Investigation of the Black Press During World War II (1986)

Gerald Horne, Communist Front? The Civil Rights Congress, 1945-1956 (1988)

Stephen J. Whitfield, A Death in the Delta: The Story of Emmett Till (1988)

Martin Bauml Duberman, Paul Robeson: A Biography (1989)

Charles V. Hamilton, Adam Clayton Powell, Jr: The Political Biography of an American Dilemma (1991)

Raymond Wolters, The Burden of Brown: Thirty Years of School Desegregation, (1992)

Gerald L. Smith, A Black Educator in the Segregated South: Kentucky’s Rufus B. Atwood (1992)

John Edgar Tidwell, ed., Frank Marshall Davis, Livin’ the Blues: Memoirs of a Black Journalist and Poet (1992)

Brian Urquhart, Ralph Bunche: An American Life (1993)

Mark V. Tushnet, Making Civil Rights Law: Thurgood Marshall and the Supreme Court, 1936-1941 (1994)

William H. McClendon, Straight Ahead: Essays on the Struggle of Blacks in American, 1934-1994 (1995)

Nelson Perry, Black Fire: The Making of An American Revolutionary (1995)

Eric W. Rise, The Martinsville Seven: Race, Rape, and Capital Punishment (1995)

Nat Brandt, Harlem at War: The Black Experience in World War II (1996)

Spencie Love, One Blood: The Death and Resurrection of Charles R. Drew (1996)

Constance Baker Motley, Equal Justice under the Law: An Autobiography (1998)

William Henry Kellar, Make Haste Slowly: Moderates, Conservatives and School Desegregation in Houston (1999)

Gail Williams O’Brien, The Color of the Law: Race, Violence and Justice in the Post-World War II South (1999)

Daniel Kryder, Divided Arsenal: Race and the American State During World War II (2000)

Ronald Takaki, Double Victory: A Multicultural History of America in World War II (2000)

Todd Gould, For Gold and Glory: Charlie Wiggins and the African-American Racing Car Circuit (2003)


African American Internationalism:

Gerald R. Horne, Black and Red: W. E. B. DuBois and the Afro-American Response to the Cold War, 1944-1963 (1986)

Alexander DeConde, Ethnicity, Race, and American Foreign Policy: A History (1992)

David J. Hellwig, African American Reflections on Brazil’s Racial Paradise (1993)

William R. Scott, The Sons of Sheba’s Race: African-Americans and the Italo-Ethiopian War, 1935-1941 (1993)

Gabrielle Simon Edgcomb, From Swastika to Jim Crow: Refugee Scholars at Black Colleges (1993)

Joseph Harris, African American Reactions to War in Ethiopia, 1936-1941 (1994)

Brenda Gayle Plummer, Rising Wind: Black Americans and U.S. Foreign Affairs, 1935-1960 (1996)

Penny M. Von Eschen, Race Against Empire: Black Americans and Anticolonialism, 1937-1957 (1997)

Charles Green, ed., Globalization and Survival in the Black Diaspora: The New Urban Challenge (1997)

James Westheider, Fighting on Two Fronts: African Americans and the Vietnamese War (1997)

Sterling Johnson, Black Globalism: The International Politics of a Non-state Nation (1998)

Mary L. Dudziak, Cold War Civil Rights: Race and the Image of American Democracy (2000)

Gerald Horne, Race Woman: The Lives of Shirley Graham DuBois (2000)

Mary A. Renda, Taking Haiti: Military Occupation and the Culture of U.S. Imperialism (2001)

James H. Meriwether, Proudly We Can Be Africans: Black Americans and Africa, 1935-1961 (2002)

Carol Anderson, Eyes Off the Prize: The United Nations and the African American Struggle for Human Rights, 1944-1955 (2003)

Thomas Borstelmann, The Cold War and the Color Line: American Race Relations in the Global Arena (2003)

Brenda Gayle Plummer, ed., Window on Freedom: Race, Civil Rights, and Foreign Affairs, 1945-1988 (2003)

Heike Raphael-Hernandez, ed., Blackening Europe: The African American Presence (2004)


The Civil Rights Movement:

Martin Luther King, Why We Can’t Wait, (1964)

Elizabeth Sutherland, ed., Letters From Mississippi, (1965)

William Bradford Huie, 3 Lives for Mississippi, (1968)

August Meier and Elliott Rudwick, CORE: A Study in the Civil Rights Movement, 1942-1968 (1973)

Richard Kluger, Simple Justice: The History of Brown v. Board of Education, (1975)

Howell Raines, My Soul is Rested: The Black Civil Rights Movement, (1977)

Sara Evans, Personal Politics: The Roots of Women’s Liberation in the Civil Rights Movement and the New Left (1979)

Almetris Marsh Duren, Overcoming: A History of Black Integration at the University of Texas at Austin (1979)

J. Harvie Wilkinson III, From Brown to Bakke: The Supreme Court and School Integration: 1945-1978 (1979)

William H. Chafe, Civilities and Civil Rights: Greensboro, North Carolina, and the Black Struggle for Freedom (1980)

Vincent Harding, The Other American Revolution (1980)

Clayborne Carson, In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s (1981)

David J. Garrow, The FBI and Martin Luther King, Jr. (1981)

Harvard Sitkoff, The Struggle for Black Equality, 1954?1980 (1982)

James Farmer, Lay Bare the Heart: An Autobiography of the Civil Rights Movement (1985)

Robert J. Norrell, Reaping the Whirlwind: The Civil Rights Movement in Tuskegee (1985)

Alan B. Anderson and George W. Pickering, Confronting the Color Line: The Broker Promise of the Civil Rights Movement in Chicago (1986)

Septima Clark, Ready from Within: Septima Clark and the Civil Rights Movement (1986)

Charles Eagles, ed., The Civil Rights Movement in America (1986)

David J. Garrow, Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (1986)

Howard Smead, Blood Justice: The Lynching of Mack Charles Parker (1986)

Adam Fairclough, To Redeem the Soul of America: The Southern Christian Leadership Conference and Martin Luther King, Jr. (1987)

Mark V. Tushnet, The NAACP’s Legal Strategy against Segregated Education, 1925-1950 (1987)

Taylor Branch, Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954-63, (1988)

Doug McAdam, Freedom Summer (1988)

David J. Garrow, ed., The Walking City: The Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955-1956 (1989)

Herbert Haines, Black Radicals and the Civil Rights Mainstream (1989)

Henry Hampton and Steve Fayer, Voices of Freedom: An Oral History of the Civil Rights Movement From the 1950s Through the 1980s (1989)

Kenneth O’Reilly, Racial Matters: The FBI’s Secret File on Black America, 1960-1972 (1989)

Seth Cagin and Philip Dray, We Are Not Afraid: The Story of Goodman, Schwerner and Chaney and the Civil Rights Campaign for Mississippi (1990)

Frank R. Parker, Black Votes Count: Political Empowerment in Mississippi after 1965 (1990)

Denton L. Watson, Lion in the Lobby: Clarence Mitchell, Jr.’s Struggle for the Passage of Civil Rights Laws (1990)

Lewis V. Baldwin, There Is a Balm in Gilead: The Cultural Roots of Martin Luther King (1991)

David E. Colburn, Racial Change and Community Crisis: St. Augustine, Florida, 1877-1980 (1991)

Steven F. Lawson, Running for Freedom: Civil Rights and Black Politics in America since 1941 (1991)

Fred Powledge, Free At Last? The Civil Rights Movement and the People Who Made It (1991)

Sean Dennis Cashman, African American and the Quest for Civil Rights, 1900-1990 (1992)

Hugh Davis Graham, Civil Rights and the Presidency: Race and Gender in American Politics, 1960-1972 (1992)

Forest R. White, Pride and Prejudice: School Desegregation and Urban Renewal in Norfolk, 1950-1959 (1992)

Raymond Wolters, The Burden of Brown: Thirty Years of School Desegregation (1992)

Julian Bond, The Civil Rights Movement: An Eyewitness History (1993)

E. Culpepper Clark, The Schoolhouse Door: Segregation’s Last Stand at the University of Alabama (1993)

Richard A. Couto, Ain’t Gonna Let Nobody Turn Me Round: The Pursuit of Racial Justice in the Rural South (1993)

Richard A. Couto, Lifting the Veil: A Political History of the Struggle from Emancipation (1993)

James F. Findlay, Jr., Church People in the Struggle: The National Council of Churches and the Black Freedom Movement, 1950-1970 (1993)

James R. Ralph, Jr., Northern Protest: Martin Luther King, Jr., Chicago, and the Civil Rights Movement (1993)

Kim Lacy Rogers, Righteous Lives: Narratives of the New Orleans Civil Rights Movement (1993)

Giradeau A. Spann, Race Against the Court: The Supreme Court and Minorities in Contemporary America (1993)

Reed Massengill, Portrait of a Racist: The Man Who Killed Medgar Evers? Written by his Own Nephew (1994)

John Dittmer, Local People: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi (1994)

W. Edward Orser, Blockbusting in Baltimore: The Edmondson Village Story (1994)

Roy Wilkins, Standing Fast: The Autobiography of Roy Wilkins (1994)

Eric Burner, And Gently He Shall Lead Them: Robert Paris Moses and Civil Rights in Mississippi (1995)

Adam Fairclough, Race and Democracy: The Civil Rights Struggle in Louisiana, 1915-1972 (1995)

Charles M. Payne, I’ve Got the Light of Freedom: The Organizing Tradition and the Mississippi Freedom Struggle (1995)

Davison M. Douglas, Reading, Writing and Race: The Desegregation of the Charlotte Schools (1996)

Bayard Rustin, Troubles I’ve Seen (1996)

Stewart Burns, Daybreak of Freedom: The Montgomery Bus Boycott (1997)

Dennis C. Dickerson, Militant Mediator, Whitney M. Young, Jr., 1921-1971 (1998)

Cynthia Griggs Fleming, Soon We Will Not Cry: The Liberation of Ruby Doris Smith Robinson (1998)

Peter Ling and Sharon Monteith, eds., Gender and the Civil Rights Movement (1999)

Sharon Monteith and Peter Ling, eds., Gender in the Civil Rights Movement (1999)

Martha Biondi, To Stand and Fight: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Postwar New York City (2003)

John D’Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and Times of Bayard Rustin (2003)

Jeanne F. Theoharis and Komozi Woodard, eds., Freedom North: Black Freedom Struggles Outside the South, 1940-1980 (2003)

Stephen N.G. Tuck, Beyond Atlanta: The Struggle for Racial Equality in Georgia, 1940-1980 (2003)

Peter B. Levy, Civil War on Race Street: The Civil Rights Movement in Cambridge, Maryland (2003) 

Laughlin McDonald, A Voting Rights Odyssey: Black Enfranchisement in Georgia (2003)

Barbara Ransby, Ella Baker and the Black Freedom Movement (2003)

Clive Webb, Fight Against Fear: Southern Jews and Black Civil Rights (2003)

Howard Ball, Murder in Mississippi: United States v. Price and the Struggle for Civil Rights (2004)

Andrew M. Manis, Macon, Black and White: An Unutterable Separation in the American Century (2004)

Christopher B. Strain, Pure Fire: Self-Defense as Activism in the Civil Rights Era (2005)


Black Nationalism/Black Power:

Malcolm X, Malcolm X Speaks (1965)

Jerry Cohen and William S. Murphy, Burn, Baby, Burn: The Los Angeles Race Riot August, 1965, (1966)

Leroi Jones, Home: Social Essays, (1966)

Stokely Carmichael and Charles Hamilton, Black Power, (1967)

Harold Cruse, The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual, (1967)

Paul Bullock, ed., Watts, The Aftermath : An Inside View of the Ghetto, By the People of Watts (1969)

Robert Scheer, ed., Eldridge Cleaver: Post-Prison Writings and Speeches (1969)

Bobby Seale, Seize the Time (1970)

Dikran Karagueuzian, Blow It Up! The Black Student Revolt at San Francisco State College and the Emergence of Dr. Hayakawa (1971)

Edward C. Hayes, Power Structure and Urban Policy: Who Rules in Oakland? (1972)

Cleveland Sellers, The River of No Return: The Autobiography of a Black Militant and the Life and Death of SNCC. (1973)

Robert Wintersmith, Police and the Black Community (1974)

Sidney Fine, Violence in the Model City: The Cavanagh Administration, Race Relations and the Detroit Riot of 1967 (1989)

Larry Neal, Visions of a Liberated Future: Black Arts Movement and Writings, (1989)

Richard McCormick, The Black Student Protest Movement at Rutgers (1990)

Ellis Cashmore and Eugene McLaughlin, eds., Out of Order? Policing Black People (1991)

Abraham Kinfe, Politics of Black Nationalism: From Harlem to Soweto (1991)

Bruce Perry, Malcolm: The Life of a Man Who Changed Black America (1991)

Kathleen [Cleaver] Rout, Eldridge Cleaver (1991)

Elaine Brown, A Taste of Power: A Black Woman’s Story (1992)

Karl Evanzz, The Judas Factor: The Plot to Kill Malcolm X (1992)

Manning Marable, Malcolm X (1992)

John T. McCartney, Black Power Ideologies: An Essay in African American Thought (1992)

William L. Van DeBurg, New Day in Babylon: The Black Power Movement and American Culture, 1965-1975 (1992)

Joe Wood, ed., Malcolm X in Our Own Image (1992)

Rosemari Mealy, Fidel and Malcolm: Memories of a Meeting (1993)

Robin D. G. Kelley, Race Rebels: Culture, Politics and the Black Working Class (1994)

Hugh Pearson, The Shadow of the Panther: Huey Newton and the Price of Black Power in America (1994)

William W. Sales, From Civil Rights to Black Liberation: Malcolm X and the Organization of Afro-American Unity (1994)

Louis A. DeCaro, Jr., On the Side of My People: A Religious Life of Malcolm X (1995)

Michael Eric Dyson, Making Malcolm: The Myth and Meaning of Malcolm X (1995)

George Frederickson, Black Liberation: A Comparative History of Black Ideologies in the United States and South Africa (1995)

Gerald Horne, The Fire This Time: The Watts Uprising and the 1960s (1995)

Toni Morrison, ed., To Die for the People: The Writings of Huey P. Newton (1995)

W. Marvin Dulaney, Black Police in America (1996)

William L. Van DeBurg, Black Camelot: African American Culture Heroes in their Times, 1960-1980 (1997)

William L. Van DeBurg, Modern Black Nationalism: From Marcus Garvey to Louis Farrakhan (1997)

Amy Alexander, ed., The Farrakhan Factor: African American Writers on Leadership, Nationhood and Minister Louis Farrakhan (1998)

Charles E. Jones, ed., The Black Panther Party, Reconsidered (1998)

Rod Bush, We are Not What We Seem: Black Nationalism and Class Struggle in the American Century (1999)

Wilson E. Reed, The Politics of Community Policing: The Case of Seattle (1999)

Komozi Woodard, A Nation Within a Nation: Amiri Baraka (Leroi Jones) & Black Power Politics (1999)

Scott Brown, Fighting for US: Maulana Karenga, the US Organization and Black Cultural Nationalism (2003)

Joy Ann Williamson, Black Power on Campus: The University of Illinois, 1965-75 (2003)

Nikhil Singh, Black is a Country: Race and Democracy beyond Civil Rights (2004)

William L. Van Deburg, Hoodlums: Black Villains and Social Bandits in American Life (2004)

Peniel E. Joseph, Waiting ‘Til The Midnight Hour: A Narrative history of Black Power in America (2006)


Black Women:

Mary Church Terrell, A Colored Woman in a White World (1940)

Gerda Lerner, ed., Black Women in White America: A Documentary History (1972)

Carol Stack, All Our Kin: Strategies for Survival in a Black Community (1974)

Sharon Harley and Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, ed., The Afro-American Woman: Struggles and Images (1978)

Angela Davis, Women, Race and Class (1981)

Gloria Joseph and Jill Lewis, Common Differences: Conflicts in Black and White Feminist Perspectives (1981)

Paula Giddings, When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America (1984)

Dolores Janiewski, Sisterhood Denied: Race, Gender and Class in a New South Community (1984)

Jacqueline Jones, Labor of Love, Labor of Sorrow: Black Women, Work and Family From Slavery to the Present (1985)

Combahee River Collective, Combahee River Collective Statement: Black Feminist Organizing in the Seventies and Eighties (1986)

Jo Ann Gibson Robinson, The Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Women Who Started It (1987)

Paula Giddings, In Search of Sisterhood: Delta Sigma Theta and the Challenge of the Black Sorority Movement (1988)

Paula Rothenberg, Racism and Sexism: An Integrated Study (1988)

Angela Davis, Women, Culture and Politics (1989)

Patricia Hill Collins, Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment (1990)

Darlene Clare Hine, Black Women in United States History (12 vols.) (1990)

Patricia Morton, Disfigured Images: The Historical Assault on Afro-American Women (1991)

Vicki L. Crawford, ed., Women in the Civil Rights Movement: Trailblazers and Torchbearers, 1941-1965 (1993)

Brenda Clegg Gray, Black Female Domestics During the Great Depression in New York City, 1930-1940 (1993)

Stanlie M. James and Abena P.A. Busia, eds., Theorizing Black Feminisms: The Visionary Pragmatism of Black Women (1993)

Kay Mills, This Little Light of Mine: The Life of Fannie Lou Hamer (1993)

Doris L. Rich, Queen Bess: Daredevil Aviator (1993)

Elizabeth Clark-Lewis, Living In, Living Out: African American Domestics in Washington, D.C., 1910-1940 (1994)

Jill Quadagno, The Color of Welfare: How Racism Undermined the War on Poverty (1994)

Anita Faye Hill and Emma Coleman Jordan, eds., Race, Gender, and Power in America: The Legacy of the Hill-Thomas Hearings (1995)

Darlene Clark Hine, Wilma King, and Linda Reed, We Specialize in the Wholly Impossible: A Reader in Black Women’s History (1995)

Stephanie Shaw, What a Woman Ought to Be and to Do: Black Professional Women During the Jim Crow Era (1995)

Susan Lynn Smith, Sick and Tired of Being Sick and Tired: Black Women’s Health Activism (1995)

Jacqueline Bobo, Black Women as Cultural Readers (1996)

Midge Wilson and Kathy Russell, Divided Sisters: Bridging the Gap Between Black Women and White Women (1996)

Donna L. Franklin, Ensuring Inequality: The Structural Transformation of the African American Family (1997)

Leith Mullings, On Our Own Terms: Race, Class, and Gender in the Lives of African American Women (1997)

Cynthia Neverdon-Morton, Afro-American Women of the South and the Advancement of the Race, 1895-1925 (1998)

Mary Beth Rogers, Barbara Jordan: American Hero (1998)

J. Clay Smith, Jr., ed., Rebels in Law: Voices in History of Black Women Lawyers (1998)

Lorraine Nelson Spritzer and Jean B. Bergmark, Grace Towns Hamilton and the Politics of Southern Change (1998)

Mary Stanton, From Selma to Sorrow: The Life and Death of Viola Liuzzo (1998)

Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, African American Women in the Struggle for the Vote, 1850-1920 (1998)

Deborah Gray White, Too Heavy a Load: Black Women in Defense of Themselves (1999)

A’Lelia Bundles, On Her Own Ground: The Life and Times of Madam C. J. Walker (2001)

Megan Taylor Shockley, “We, Too, Are Americans: African American Women in Detroit and Richmond, 1940-50 (2003)


Black Men:

Lawrence E. Gary, Black Men, (1981)

Haki R. Madhubuti, Black Men—Obsolete, Single, Dangerous? Afrikan American Families in Transition: Essays in Discovery, Solution and Hope (1990)

Hazel Carby, Race Men (1991)

Mitchell Duneier, Slim’s Table: Race, Respectability, and Masculinity (1993)

Claudia Mitchell-Kernan, The Decline in Marriage Among African Americans: Causes, Consequences and Policy Implications (1995)

Herb Boyd and Robert L. Allen, eds., Brotherman: The Odyssey of Black Men in America–An Anthology (1996)

Garth and Karen Baker-Fletcher, Xodus: An African American Male Journey (1996)

Philip Brian Harper, Are We Not Men? Masculine Anxiety and the Problem of African American Identity (1996)

Haki R. Madhubuti & Maulana Karenga, eds., Million Man March/Day of Absence: A Commemorative Anthology (1996)

Rudolph P. Byrd and Beverly Guy-Sheftall, eds., Traps: African American Men on Gender and Sexuality (2001)

Martin Summers, Manliness and Its Discontents: The Black Middle Class & The Transformation of Masculinity, 1900-1930 (2004)


Gay Men and Lesbians:

Barbara Smith, ed., Home Girls: A Black Feminist Anthology (1983)

Audre Lorde, Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches (1984)

Joseph Beam, ed., In The Life: A Black Gay Anthology (1986)

Cheryl Clarke, Living As A Lesbian (1986)

Colin Robinson, Other Countries: Black Gay Voices (1988)

William G. Hawkeswood, One of the Children: Gay Black Men in Harlem (1996)

Robert F. Reid-Pharr, Black Gay Man: Essays (2001)

Thomas H. Wirth, ed., Gay Rebel of the Harlem Renaissance: Selections from the Work of Richard Bruce Nugent (2002)

John D’Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and Times of Bayard Rustin (2003)

A. B. Christa Schwarz, Gay Voices of the Harlem Renaissance (2003)

Keith Boykin, Beyond the Down Low (2005)


Multi-Racial People/Racial Alliances:

John Mencke, Mulattoes and Race Mixture: American Attitudes and Images, 1865-1918 (1979)

Joel Williamson, New People: Miscegenation and Mulattoes in the United States (1980)

Paul R. Spickard, Mixed Blood: Intermarriage and Ethnic Identity in 20th Century America (1989)

F. James Davis, Who is Black? One Nation’s Definition (1991)

Maureen Reddy, Crossing the Color Line: Race, Parenting, and Culture (1994)

Carol Aisha Blackshire-Belay, ed., The Afro-German Experience (1996)

Helen Lefkowitz Horowitz, ed., Love Across the Color Line: The Letters of Alice Hanley to Channing Lewis (1996)

James McBride, The Color of Water: A Black Man’s Tribute to His White Mother (1996)

Jon Spencer, The New Colored People: The Mixed Race Movement in America (1997)

Kathleen Odell Korgen, From Black to Biracial: Transforming Racial Identity Among Americans (1998)

Mary Hodes, ed., Sex, Love, Race: Crossing Boundaries in North American History (1999)

Gary Nash, Forbidden Love: The Secret History of Mixed Race America (1999)

Heather M. Dalmage, Tripping on the Color Line: Black-White Multiracial Families in a Racially Divided World (2000)

Gayle Wald, Crossing the Line: Racial Passing in Twentieth-Century U.S. Literature and Culture (2000)

G. Reginald Daniel, More Than Black? Multiracial Identity and the New Racial Order (2002)

Kerry Ann Rockquemore and David L. Brunsma, eds., Beyond Black: Biracial Identity in America (2002)

Barbara Tizard and Ann Phoenix, Black, White or Mixed Race? Race and Racism in the Lives of Young People of Mixed Parentage (2002)

Renee C. Romano, Race Mixing: Black-White Marriage in Postwar America (2003)

Cedric Herring, Verna M. Keith and Hayward Derrick Horton, eds., Skin Deep: How Race and Complexion Matter in the “Color-Blind” Era (2003)

James M. O’Toole, Passing for White: Race, Religion and the Healy Family, 1820-1920 (2003)

Tina Campt, Other Germans: Black Germans and the Politics of Race, Gender and Memory in the Third Reich (2004)

Heather M. Dalmage, ed., The Politics of Multiracialism: Challenging Racial Thinking (2004)


Racial Alliances:

Jonathan Kaufman, Broken Alliance: The Turbulent Times Between Blacks and Jews in America, (1989)

August Meier, A White Scholar and the Black Community, 1945-1965 (1992)

Raphael J. Sonenshein, Politics in Black and White: Race and Power in Los Angeles (1992)

George Lipsitz, Dangerous Crossroads: Popular Music, Postmodernism and the Poetics of Place (1994)

Murray Friedman, What Went Wrong? The Creation and Collapse of the Black-Jewish Alliance (1995)

Osha Gray Davidson, The Best of Enemies: Race and Friendship in the Post-Civil Rights South (1996)

Clarence Page, Showing My Color: Impolite Essays on Race and Identity (1996)

Wendell Pritchett, Brownsville, Brooklyn: Blacks, Jews, and the Changing Face of the Ghetto (2002)


Affirmative Action/Diversity:

Arthur Fletcher, The Silent Sell-Out: Government Betrayal of Blacks to the Craft Unions (1974)

Thomas Sowell, Affirmative Action Reconsidered: Was it Necessary in Academia? (1975)

Allan P. Sindler, Bakke, DeFunis, and Minority Admissions: The Quest for Equal Opportunity (1978)

Timothy J. O’Neil, Bakke & The Politics of Inequality: Friends and Foes in the Classroom of Litigation (1985)

Allan Bloom, The Closing of the American Mind (1987)

Gertrude Ezorsky, Racism and Justice: The Case for Affirmative Action (1991)

Richard Zweigenhaft and G. William Domhoff, Blacks in the White Establishment? A Study of Race and Class in America (1991)

Coramae Richey Mann, Unequal Justice: A Question of Color (1993)

Thomas Sowell, Race and Culture: A World View (1994)

Benjamin DeMott, The Trouble With Friendship: Why Americans Can’t Think Straight About Race (1995)

Lani Guinier, Tyranny of the Majority: Fundamental Fairness and Representative Democracy (1995)

Michael Lind, The Next American Nation: The new Nationalism and the Fourth American Revolution (1995)

Stephen Steinberg, Turning Back: The Retreat from Racial Justice in American Thought and Policy (1995)

W. Avon Drake and Robert D. Holsworth, Affirmative Action and the Stalled Quest for Black Progress (1996)

Lawrence Levine, The Opening of the American Mind (1996)

Richard Kahlenberg, The Remedy: Class, Race and Affirmative Action (1996)

William Bowen and Derek Bok, The Shape of the River: Long-Term Consequences of Considering Race in College and University Admissions (1998)

Naomi Zack, Thinking About Race (1998)

Stephan Thernstrom and Abigail Thernstrom, America in Black and White: One Nation Indivisible (1998)

Lawrence Blum, “I’m Not a Racist, But..” The Moral Quandary of Race (2002)

Glen Loury, The Anatomy of Racial Inequality (2002)

Sanford Levinson, Wrestling with Diversity (2003)

Carl Cohen and James Sterba, Affirmative Action and Racial Preference: A Debate (2003)

Owen Fiss, A Way Out: America’s Ghettos and the Legacy of Racism (2003)

Terry Anderson, The Pursuit of Fairness: A History of Affirmative Action (2004)

Thomas Weisskopf, Affirmative Action in the United States and India: A Comparative Perspective (2004)

Thomas Sowell, Affirmative Action Around the World: An Empirical Study (2005)


African American Athletes:

Robert W. Peterson, Only the Ball Was White: Negro Baseball, A History of Legendary Black Players and All Black Professional Teams before Black Men Played in the Major Leagues (1970)

Al Tony Gilmore, "Bad Nigger!": The National Impact of Jack Johnson (1975)

Ocania Chalk, Black College Sport (1976)

Jack Johnson, In the Ring and Out (1977)

Randy Roberts, Papa Jack: Jack Johnson and the Era of White Hopes (1983)

Jeffrey T. Sammons, Beyond the Ring: The Role of Boxing in American Society (1988)

Richard E. Lapchick, Five Minutes to Midnight: Race and Sport in the 1990s (1991)

Arthur Ashe, A Hard Road to Glory: The History of the African-American Athlete (1993)

George Eisen and David K. Wiggins, eds., Ethnicity and Sport in North American History and Culture (1994)

Elliott J. Gorn, ed., Muhammad Ali: The People’s Champ (1995)

Mark Ribowsky, The Power and the Darkness: The Life of Josh Gibson in the Shadows of the Game (1996)

Sharon Robinson, Stealing Home: An Intimate Family Portrait (1996)

Arnold Rampersad, Jackie Robinson: A Biography (1997)

Mark Ribowsky, A Complete History of the Negro Leagues, 1884 to 1955 (1997)

David K. Wiggins, Glory Bound: Black Athletes in a White America (1997)

Lyle Kenai Wilson, Sunday Afternoons at Garfield Park: Seattle’s Black Baseball Teams, 1911-1951 (1997)

Richard Bak, Joe Louis: The Great Black Hope (1998)

David Remnick, King of the World: Muhammad Ali and the Rise of an American Hero (1998)

Jack Johnson, Jack Johnson is a Dandy: An Autobiography (1999)

Thomas R. Hietala, The Fight of the Century: Jack Johnson, Joe Louis and the Struggle for Racial Equality (2002)

Patrick B. Miller and David K. Wiggins, eds., Sport and the Color Line: Black Athletes and Race Relations in Twentieth Century America (2003)


Post-1970 Politics:

Richard A. Keiser, Subordination or Empowerment: African-American Leadership and the Struggle for Urban Political Power (1997)

William E. Nelson Jr. and Philip J. Meranto, Electing Black Mayors: Political Action in the Black Community (1977)

Adolph Reed, Jr., The Jesse Jackson Phenomenon: The Crisis of Purpose in African American Politics (1986)

Jimmie Lewis Franklin, Back to Birmingham: Richard Arrington Jr., and His Times (1989)

Wilbur C. Rich, Coleman Young and Detroit Politics (1989)

Charles P. Henry, Jesse Jackson: The Search for Common Ground (1991)

William J. Grimshaw, Bitter Fruit: Black Politics and the Chicago Political Machine, 1931-1991 (1993)

Carol Miller Swain, Black Faces, Black Interests: The Representation of African Americans in Congress (1993)

Michael C. Dawson, Behind the Mule: Race and Class in African-American Politics (1994)

Theodore Rueter, The Politics of Race: African Americans and the Political System (1995)

Marshall Frady, Jesse: The Life and Pilgrimage of Jesse Jackson (1996)

Robert C. Smith, We Have No Leaders: African Americans in the Post-Civil Rights Era (1996)

Randall Kennedy, Race, Crime and The Law (1997)

Andrea Y. Simpson, The Tie That Binds: Identity and Political Attitudes in the Post-Civil Rights Generation (1998)

Adolph Reed, Jr., Stirrings in the Jug: Black Politics in the Post Segregation Era (1999)

J. Morgan Kousser, Colorblind Injustice: Minority Voting Rights and the Undoing of the Second Reconstruction (1999)

Randall Robinson, The Debt: What America Owes to Blacks (2000)

David Colburn and Jeffrey S. Adler, eds., African American Mayors: Race, Politics and the American City (2001)

Leonard N. Moore, Carl B. Stokes and the Rise of Black Political Power (2003)

H. Viscount Nelson, The Rise and Fall of Modern Black Leadership (2003)


Post-1970 Desegregation:

Charles Wollenberg, All Deliberate Speed: Segregation and Exclusion in California Schools, 1855-1975 (1975)

Gary Orfield, Must We Bus? Segregated Schools and National Policy (1978)

Paula S. Fass, Outside In: Minorities and the Transformation of American Education (1989)

R.P. Formisano, Boston Against Busing: Race, Class, and Ethnicity in the 1960s and 1970s (1991)

Alex Kotlowitz, There Are No Children Here: The Story of Two Boys Growing Up in the Other America (1991)

Jonathan Kozel, Savage Inequalities: Children in America’s Schools (1992)

Robert A. Pratt, The Color of Their Skin: Education and Race in Richmond, Virginia, 1954-89 (1992)

John U. Ogbu, Black American Students in an Affluent Suburb: A Study of Academic Disengagement (2003)

Peter Irons, Jim Crow’s Children: The Broken Promise of the Brown Decision (2004)


Post-1970 Capitalism, Modernity and the Color Line:

Manning Marable, How Capitalism Underdeveloped Black America (1983)

Reynolds Farley and Walter R. Allen, The Color Line and the Quality of Life in America (1989)

Roy L. Brooks, Rethinking the American Race Problem (1992)

Cornel West, Race Matters (1993)

Rose L.H. Finkenstaedt, Face-to-Face: Blacks in America, White Perceptions and Black Realities (1994)

Charles J. Ogletree and others, Beyond the Rodney King Story: An Investigation of Police Conduct in Minority Communities (1995)

Michael Eric Dyson, Between God and Gangsta Rap: Bearing Witness to Black Culture (1996)

Wade Hall, Passing for Black: The Life and Careers of Mae Street Kidd (1997)

W. Lawrence Hogue, Race, Modernity, Postmodernity: A Look at the History and Literatures of People of Color Since the 1960s (1997)

Wilson Jeremiah Moses, Afrotopia: The Roots of African American Popular History (1998)

Samuel Walker, Cassia Spohn and Miriam DeLone, The Color of Justice: Race, Ethnicity and Crime in America (2004)


African Americans and the Media:

Thomas Cripps, Slow Fade to Black: The Negro in American Film, 1900-1942 (1977)

Thomas Cripps, Black Film as Genre (1978)

Melvin Patrick Ely, The Adventures of Amos ‘N’ Andy: A Social History of an American Phenomenon (1991)

Terry McMillan, Five for Five: The Films of Spike Lee (1991)

Louis Cantor, Wheelin’ on Beale: How WDIA-Memphis Became the Nation’s First All-Black Radio Station and Created the Sound that Changed America (1992)

Thomas Cripps, Making Movies Black: The Hollywood Message Movie from World War II to the Civil Rights Era (1993)

Aaron Gibbons, Race, Politics & the White Media: The Jesse Jackson Campaigns (1993)

Manthia Diawara, ed., Black American Cinema (1993)

Herman Gray, Watching Race: Television and the Struggle for “Blackness” (1995)

G. William James, Black Cinema Treasures: Lost and Found (1995)

Michael Martin, Cinemas of the Black Diaspora (1995)

Lola Young, ‘Race’, Gender and Sexuality in the Cinema (1996)

Sasha Torres, ed., Living Color: Race and Television in the United States (1998)

William Barlow, Voice Over: The Making of Black Radio (1999)

Barbara Dianne Savage, Broadcasting Freedom: Radio, War, and the Politics of Race, 1938-1948 (1999)

Kristal Brent Zook, Color by Fox: The Fox Network and the Revolution in Black Television (1999)

Ronald Jacobs, Race, Media and the Crisis of Civil Society: From Watts to Rodney King (2000)

Phyllis R. Klotman, African Americans in Cinema: The First Half Century (2003)

Race and Class in the United States: The Working Class and the Underclass:

Thomas Blair, Retreat to the Ghetto, (1977)

Douglass Glasgow, The Black Underclass, (1981)

William Julius Wilson, The Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner City, the Underclass and Public Policy (1987)

George Lipsitz, A Life in the Struggle: Ivory Perry and the Culture of Opposition (1988)

Michael B. Katz, The Undeserving Poor: From the War on Poverty to the War on Welfare (1989)

Mercer L. Sullivan, Getting Paid: Youth Crime and Work in the Inner City (1989)

Christopher Jencks and Paul E. Peterson, eds., The Urban Underclass (1991)

Christopher Jencks, Rethinking Social Policy: Race Poverty and the Underclass (1992)

Michael B. Katz, ed., The "Underclass" Debate: Views from History (1993)

Douglas S. Massey and Nancy A. Denton, American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass (1993)

Robin D. G. Kelley, Race Rebels: Culture, Politics and the Black Working Class (1994)

Ann C. Diver-Stamnes, Lives in the Balance: Youth, Poverty and Education in Watts (1995)

Michael Tonry, Malign Neglect–Race, Crime and Punishment in America (1995)

Jerome G. Miller, Search and Destroy: African American Males in the Criminal Justice System (1996)

William Julius Wilson, When Work Disappears: The World of the New Urban Poor (1996)

Dan Georgakas and Marvin Surkin, Detroit: I Do Mind Dying: A Study in Urban Revolution (1998)

Robin D. G. Kelley, Yo’ Mama’s Disfunktional! Fighting the Culture Wars in Urban America (1998)

Martin Gilens, Why Americans Hate Welfare: Race, Media, and the Politics of Antipoverty Policy (1999)

Bell Hooks, Where We Stand: Class Matters (2000)

Michael Eric Dyson, Is Bill Cosby Right?: Or has the Black Middle Class Lost Its Mind? (2005)

John H. McWhorter, Winning the Race: Beyond the Crisis in Black America (2005)

Juan Williams, Enough: The Phony Leaders, Dead-End Movements and the Culture of Failure (2006)


Race and Class in the United States: The Middle and Upper Class:

William A. Muraskin, Middle Class Blacks in a White Society: Prince Hall Masonry (1975)

Bart Landry, The New Black Middle Class (1987)

Loren Schweninger, Black Property Owners in the South, 1790-1915 (1990)

Willard Gatewood, Aristocrats of Color: The Black Elite, 1880-1920 (1990)

Lois Benjamin, The Black Elite: Facing the Color Line in the Twilight of the Twentieth Century (1991)

Richard L. Zweigenhaft and G. William Domhoff, Blacks in the White Establishment: A Study of Race and Class in America (1991)

Dona L. Irvin, The Unsung Heart of Black America: A Middle-Class Church at Mid-century, (1992)

Andrew Billingsley, Climbing Jacob’s Ladder: The Enduring Legacy of African-American Families (1993)

Ellis Cose, The Rage of the Privileged Class (1993)

Jill Nelson, Volunteer Slavery: My Authentic Negro Experience (1993)

Charles T. Banner-Haley, The Fruits of Integration: Black Middle Class Ideology and Culture, 1960-1990 (1994)

Joe Feagin, Living With Racism: The Experiences of the Black Middle Class (1994)

Gregory D. Squires, Capital and Communities in Black and White: The Intersections of Race, Class, and Uneven Development (1994)

Jennifer L. Hochschild, Facing Up to The American Dream: Race, Class , and the Soul of the Nation (1995)

Melvin Oliver and Thomas M. Shapiro, Black Wealth, White Wealth: A New Perspective on Racial Inequality (1995)

Darlene Clark Hine, Speak Truth to Power: Black Professional Class in United States History (1996)

Orlando Patterson, The Ordeal of Integration: Progress and Resentment in America’s “Racial” Crisis (1997)

Robert E. Weems, Jr., Desegregating the Dollar: African American Consumerism in the 20th Century (1998)

Lawrence Otis Graham, Our Kind of People: Inside America’s Black Upper Class (1999)

Mary Pattillo-McCoy, Black Picket Fences: Privilege and Peril Among the Black Middle Class (1999)

David Dent, In Search of Black America: Discovering the African American Dream (2000)

Gregory D. Squires and Sally O’Connor, Color and Money: Politics and Prospects for Community Reinvestment in Urban America (2001)

James E. Teele, E Franklin Frazier and the Black Bourgeoisie (2002)

Todd Boyd, Young, Black, Rich and Famous: The Rise of the NBA, the Hip Hop Invasion and the Transformation of American Culture (2003)

Annette Lareau, Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race and Family Life (2003)

Carol Jenkins and Elizabeth Gardner Hines, Black Titan: A.G. Gaston and the Making of a Black Millionaire (2004)

Thomas M. Shapiro, The Hidden Cost of Being African American: Howe Wealth Perpetuates Inequality (2004)

Larry Tye, Rising from the Rails: Pullman Porters and the Making of the Black Middle Class (2004)

Lois Benjamin, The Black Elite: Still Facing the Color Line in the Twenty-First Century (2005)

Lawrence Otis Graham, The Senator and the Socialite: The True Story of America’s First Black Dynasty (2006)


Black/White Conservatism:

George S. Schuyler, Black and Conservative: The Autobiography of George S. Schuyler (1966)

Thomas Sowell, Race and Economics (1975)

Thomas Sowell, American Ethnic Groups (1978)

Anne Wortham, The Other Side of Racism: A philosophical Study of Black Race Consciousness (1981)

Thomas Sowell, Preferential Policies: An International Perspective (1990)

Shelby Steele, The Content of Our Character: A New Vision of Race in America (1990)

Dinesh D’Souza, The End of Racism (1995)

Glenn C. Loury, One by One from the Inside Out: Essays and Reviews on Race and Responsibility in America (1995)

Peter Collier and David Horowitz, The Race Card: White Guilt: Black Resentment, and the Assault on the Truth and Justice (1997)

Stan Faryna, Brad Stetson, and Joseph G. Conti, Black and Right: The Bold New Voice of Black Conservatives in America (1998)

Shelby Steele, A Dream Deferred: The Second Betrayal of Black Freedom in America (1998)

Peter Eisenstadt, Black Conservatism: The Republican Party and the African American Rush from Radicalism to Conservatism (1999)

Ward Connerly, Creating Equal: My Fight Against Race Preferences (2000)

John McWhorter, Losing the Race: Self-Sabotage in Black America (2000)

Thomas Sowell, A Personal Odyssey (2000)

Gayle T. Tate and others, eds., Dimensions of Black Conservatism in the United States (2002)

John McWhorter, Authentically Black (2003)

Ronald Walters, White Nationalism, Black Interests: Conservative Public Policy and the Black Community (2003)


Africans and Afro-Caribbeans in African America:

Michel S. Laguerre, American Odyssey: Haitians in New York City (1984)

Tekle Mariam Woldemikael, Becoming Black American: Haitians and American Institutions in Evanston, Illinois (1989)

Tekle Mariam Woldemikael, Diasporic Citizenship: Haitian Americans in Transnational America (1998)

Kofi K. Aparku, African Emigres in the United States (1991)

George Gmelch, Double Passage: The Lives of Caribbean Migrants Abroad and Back Home (1992)

Christine G.T. Ho, Salt-water Trinnies: Afro-Trinidadian Immigrant Networks and Non-assimilation in Los Angeles (1991)

Philip Kasinitz, Caribbean New York: Black Immigrants and the Politics of Race (1992)

Marilyn Halter, Between Race and Ethnicity: Cape Verdean American Immigrants (1993)

Ransford W. Palmer, Pilgrims from the Sun: West Indian Migration to America (1995)

Barack Obama, Dreams From My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance (1995)

Andres Torres, Between Melting Pot and Mosaic: African Americans and Puerto Ricans in the New York Political Economy (1995)

Flore Zephir, Haitian Immigrants in Black America: A Sociological and Sociolinguistic Portrait (1996)

Alex Stepick, Pride Against Prejudice: Haitians in the United States (1998)

Mary C. Waters, Black Identities: West Indian Immigrant Dreams and American Realities (1999)

John A. Arthur, Invisible Sojourners: African Immigrant Diaspora in the United States (2000)

Jon Holtzman, Nuer Journeys, Nuer Lives: Sudanese Refugees in Minnesota (2000)

Philippe Wamba, Kinship: A Family’s Journey in Africa and America (2000)

Leon Pamphile, Haitians and African Americans (2001)


African Americans and Other People of Color:

Edward T. Chang and Russell C. Leong, eds., Los Angeles—Struggles Toward Multiethnic Community: Asian American, African American & Latino Perspectives (1993)

Robert Gooding-Williams, ed., Reading Rodney King: Reading Urban Uprising (1993)

Alejandro Portes and Alex Stepick, City on the Edge: The Transformation of Miami (1993)

Judith Goode and Jo Anne Schneider, Reshaping Ethnic and Racial Relations in Philadelphia: Immigrants in a Divided City (1994)

H. Edward Ransford, Race and Class in American Society: Black, Latino, Anglo (1994)

Eui-Young Yu, ed., Black-Korean Encounter: Toward Understanding and Alliance, Dialogue between Black and Korean Americans in the Aftermath of the 1992 Los Angeles Riots (1994)

Nancy Abelman, Blue Dreams: Korean Americans and the Los Angeles Riots (1995)

Frederick M. Binder and David M. Reimers, All the Nations Under Heaven: An Ethnic and Racial History of New York City (1995)

Roger Waldinger, Still the Promised City? African Americans and New Immigrants in Postindustrial New York (1996)

Kwang Chung Kim, Koreans in the Hood: Conflict with African Americans (1999)

Vijay Prashad, Everybody was Kung Fu Fighting: Afro-Asian Connections and The Myth of Cultural Purity (2001)


State and Regional Studies:

Melvin J. Banks, The Pursuit of Equality: The Movement for First Class Citizenship Among Negroes in Texas (1971)

Jimmie Lewis Franklin, Journey Toward Hope: A History of Blacks in Oklahoma (1971)

Richard E. Harris, The First 100 Years: A History of Arizona Blacks (1983)

Tom Baskett, Jr., Persistence of the Spirit: The Black Experience in Arkansas (1986)

Everett Louis Overstreet, Black on a Background of White: A Chronicle of Afro-Americans’ Involvement in America’s Last Frontier, Alaska (1988)

Donald L. Grant, The Way It Was in the South: The Black Experience in Georgia (1995)

Carol B. Stack, Call to Home: African Americans Reclaim the Rural South (1996)

Eric Ledell Smith and Joe William Trotter, Jr., African Americans in Pennsylvania: Shifting Historical Perspectives (1997)

Quintard Taylor, In Search of the Racial Frontier: African Americans in the American West, 1528-1990 (1998)

Lawrence B. de Graaf, Kevin Mulroy, & Quintard Taylor, eds., Seeking El Dorado: African Americans in California (2001)

Quintard Taylor and Shirley Ann Wilson Moore, eds., African American Women Confront the West, 1600-2000 (2003)



Harold Rose, Black Suburbanization: Access to Improved Quality of Life or Maintenance of the Status Quo (1976)

Thomas A. Clark, Blacks in Suburbs (1979)

W. Dennis Keating, The Suburban Racial Dilemma: Housing and Neighborhoods (1994)

Valerie Johnson, Black Power in the Suburbs: The Myth or Reality of African American Political Incorporation (2002)

David Schuyler, A City Transformed: Redevelopment, Race, and Suburbanization in Lancaster, Pennsylvania (2002)

Andrew Wiese, Places of Their Own: African American Suburbanization in the Twentieth Century (2004)


Environmental History:

Dianne E. Glave and Mark Stoll, eds., “To Love the Wind and the Rain: African American Environmental History (2o06)