Israeli Black Panther Party (1971-1977)

In 1969, Sa’adia Marciano and Charlie Biton—along with four other Moroccan-Jewish youth living in the poor Moroccan-Jewish section of Jerusalem, Israel—started meeting to discuss North African Jews’ experiences of joblessness, police beatings, housing and education discrimination, and exclusion from government political offices and positions.  When they read … Read MoreIsraeli Black Panther Party (1971-1977)

Sultanate of Zanzibar (1856–1964)

The Omani Empire”Image Ownership: Public Domain” The island of Zanzibar, now a part of Tanzania, was a nineteenth century East African trading empire that fell under the domination of the British who controlled it until the mid-twentieth century. Zanzibar is the leading producer of cloves … Read MoreSultanate of Zanzibar (1856–1964)

Ethiopian-Somali War Over the Ogaden Region (1977–1978)

Somali Tanks Entering Ethiopia at the Start of the Ethiopian-Somali War, 1977-1978 “Image Ownership: Public Domain” In 1977 Ethiopia and Somalia engaged in a brief territory conflict over the Ogaden region situated between and claimed by both nations. This conflict however held significance greater than … Read MoreEthiopian-Somali War Over the Ogaden Region (1977–1978)

Black Lives Matter: The Growth of a New Social Justice Movement

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” In the article below, Syracuse University historian Herbert Ruffin explores the rapid rise of the Black Lives Matter Movement as the most recent development in the ongoing struggle for racial and social justice in the United States. In the summer of … Read MoreBlack Lives Matter: The Growth of a New Social Justice Movement

Marguerita Ragsdale (1948- )

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” Marguerita Dianne Ragsdale was born in April 1948 in Richmond, Virginia to Lillie and Vernon Ragsdale and raised alongside her five sisters on a farm in McKenney, Dinwiddie County, Virginia. After starting her undergraduate work at Virginia State University in Petersburg, … Read MoreMarguerita Ragsdale (1948- )

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (1938- )

Image Ownership: Public Domain When Ellen Johnson Sirleaf was inaugurated the 24th president of the Republic of Liberia on January 16, 2006, she became Africa’s first democratically elected female head of state.  Her election reflected the hope and belief that African nations could embrace participatory … Read MoreEllen Johnson Sirleaf (1938- )