The Symbionese Liberation Army (1973–1975)

The Symbionese Liberation Army Self-Portrait, 1973 "Image Ownership: Public Domain" Coming from the biological term symbiosis, meaning the interdependence of different species, the Symbionese Liberation Army was a radical leftist revolutionary organization that sought to unify all left-wing struggles under one banner. The Berkeley, California-formed … Read MoreThe Symbionese Liberation Army (1973–1975)

Oyotunji Village [The Village] (1970–- )

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" Oyotunji Village (The Village) was the first known black nationalist settlement developed by African American worshippers of the orishas (African deities). While the Village’s founders modeled Oyotunji on West African cultures, they also sought to build a self-defined, independent community in … Read MoreOyotunji Village [The Village] (1970–- )

Anne Forrester Holloway (1941- 2006)

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" Anne Forrester Holloway was appointed U.S. Ambassador to Mali on November 6, 1979 by President Jimmy Carter. She was the first African American woman to hold that post.   Forrester was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on June 2, 1941.  She attended public schools … Read MoreAnne Forrester Holloway (1941- 2006)

The Black Arts Movement (1965-1975)

Black Arts Movement Theatrical Performance The Black Arts Movement was the name given to a group of politically motivated black poets, artists, dramatists, musicians, and writers who emerged in the wake of the Black Power Movement. The poet Imamu Amiri Baraka is widely considered to … Read MoreThe Black Arts Movement (1965-1975)

Combahee River Collective (1974-1980)

The Combahee River Collective, founded by black feminists and lesbians in Boston, Massachusetts in 1974, was best known for its Combahee River Collective Statement. This document was one of the earliest explorations of the intersection of multiple oppressions, including racism and heterosexism. For the first … Read MoreCombahee River Collective (1974-1980)

Republic of New Africa (1968- )

Image Ownership: Public Domain The Republic of New Africa (RNA) is a black nationalist organization that was created in 1969 on the premise that an independent black republic should be created out of the southern United States of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana, … Read MoreRepublic of New Africa (1968- )

National Negro Convention Movement (1831-1864)

After more than a decade of organized abolition among northern free blacks, a group of prominent free African American men organized the National Negro Convention Movement.  The convention movement among northern free blacks symbolized the growth of a black activist network by the mid-nineteenth century.  … Read MoreNational Negro Convention Movement (1831-1864)

Thomas Mboya (Joseph Odhiambo) (1930-1969)

Image Ownership: Public Domain Tom Mboya, born on August 15, 1930 in Kilimambogo, Kenya on a sisal plantation estate, was a Kenyan nationalist, trade union leader, and government minister. His parents were Luo agricultural workers who, as recently converted Catholics, sent him to mission schools … Read MoreThomas Mboya (Joseph Odhiambo) (1930-1969)