Richard Allen [Pennsylvania] (1760-1831)

Born into slavery in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on February 14, 1760, Richard Allen went on to become an educator, writer, minister and founder of the African Methodist Episcopal Church.  Benjamin Chew, a Quaker lawyer, owned the Allen family, which included Richard’s parents and three other children.  … Read MoreRichard Allen [Pennsylvania] (1760-1831)

Josephine Beall Willson Bruce (1853-1923)

A clubwoman, teacher, society leader, and race activist, Josephine Beall Willson Bruce was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on October 29, 1853, to Dr. Joseph Willson, a prominent dentist, and Elizabeth Harnett Willson, a singer and musician. In 1854 the family moved to Cleveland, Ohio where … Read MoreJosephine Beall Willson Bruce (1853-1923)

Molefi Kete Asante/Arthur Lee Smith Jr. (1942- )

Image Ownership: Public Domain Molefi Kete Asante (Arthur Lee Smith, Jr.), an educator, was born in Valdosta, Georgia, the son of Arthur Lee and Lillie B. (Wilson) Smith. In 1964 he received a B.A. degree (cum laude) from Oklahoma Christian College.  He was awarded an … Read MoreMolefi Kete Asante/Arthur Lee Smith Jr. (1942- )

American Negro Academy (1897-1924)

Founded on March 5, 1897 in Washington, D.C. by 78-year-old Reverend Alexander Crummell, the American Negro Academy (ANA) was an organization of black intellectuals who through their scholarship and writing were dedicated to the promotion of higher education, arts, and science for African Americans as … Read MoreAmerican Negro Academy (1897-1924)

Dempsey Jerome Travis (1920- )

Image Ownership: Public Domain Dempsey Jerome Travis is a civil rights activist, business leader, military veteran, and author. From the inception of his first realty company to his time serving three presidential administrations, Travis has served in both local and national theaters of private and … Read MoreDempsey Jerome Travis (1920- )

Charles Waddell Chesnutt (1858-1932)

Image Ownership: Public Domain Charles Waddell Chesnutt was born the son of free black parents on June 20, 1858 in Cleveland, Ohio. His parents had recently moved to Cleveland from Fayetteville, North Carolina in response to the growing restrictions placed on free blacks in that … Read MoreCharles Waddell Chesnutt (1858-1932)