Trayvon Benjamin Martin (1995–2012)

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” With his tragic death in 2012, seventeen-year-old Trayvon Martin became the first catalyst for the national Black Lives Matter movement. Trayvon Benjamin Martin was born to Sybrina Fulton and Tracy Martin in Florida on February 5, 1995. Fulton and Martin separated … Read MoreTrayvon Benjamin Martin (1995–2012)

Marcus A. Foster (1923–1973)

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" Marcus Foster was an educator who gained national prominence for educational excellence while serving as a principal in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and as the first black superintendent of the Oakland Unified School District in California. Known as a titan in the areas … Read MoreMarcus A. Foster (1923–1973)

Clementa C. Pinckney (1973-2015)

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” Clementa Carlos “Clem” Pinckney, was an African Methodist Episcopal (AME) pastor, South Carolina State Senator, and rising star in the national Democratic Party. On June 17, 2015, he and eight local black leaders were assassinated in Charleston, South Carolina, during Bible … Read MoreClementa C. Pinckney (1973-2015)

MOVE (1972- )

MOVE Fire, May 13, 1985 Image Ownership: Public Domain MOVE is a countercultural black radical organization founded in 1972 by John Africa (Vincent Leaphart), a black handyman in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.  MOVE was originally named The Christian Movement for Life.  MOVE, despite being spelled with all … Read MoreMOVE (1972- )

Partido de Independiente de Color (Cuba, 1908-1912)

Members of the Partido de Independiente de Color de Cuba Image Ownership: Public Domain Founded in August of 1908 by veterans of Cuba’s War for Independence, El Partido de Independiente de Color (PIC) became the Caribbean’s first 20th century black political party.  Created to support … Read MorePartido de Independiente de Color (Cuba, 1908-1912)

Birmingham 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing (1963)

Image Ownership: Public Domain The 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing took place on September, 15 1963. Four young girls, Denise McNair, Cynthia Wesley, Carole Robertson, and Addie Mae Collins, were killed in the racially motivated attack by the Ku Klux Klan against an African American … Read MoreBirmingham 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing (1963)

Orangeburg Massacre (1968)

Image courtesy of ©Bettmann-Corbis The Orangeburg Massacre took place in Orangeburg, South Carolina at South Carolina State University on February 8th, 1968. This horrific incident which ended with three young men, Samuel Hammond, Henry Smith, and Delano Middleton, killed and 27 other students wounded, was … Read MoreOrangeburg Massacre (1968)

Bloody Sunday Protest March, Selma, Alabama, March 7, 1965

Between 1961 and 1964, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) had led a voting registration campaign in Selma, the seat of Dallas County, Alabama, a small town with a record of consistent resistance to black voting. When SNCC’s efforts were frustrated by stiff resistance from … Read MoreBloody Sunday Protest March, Selma, Alabama, March 7, 1965