Arthur Fletcher (1924-2005)

  Image Ownership: Public Domain Arthur Fletcher is perhaps best known as the Father of Affirmative Action for his authorship of the Revised Philadelphia Plan, which required federal government contractors to hire ethnic minorities. Fletcher was born in Phoenix, Arizona on December 22, 1924, to … Read MoreArthur Fletcher (1924-2005)

Richard I. McKinney (1906-2005)

Image Ownership: Public Domain African American philosopher Richard I. McKinney was born on August 8, 1906 in Live Oak, Florida on the college campus of Farmer Institute (later named Florida Memorial College). The son of educators, he graduated from Morehouse College in 1931 with a … Read MoreRichard I. McKinney (1906-2005)

Harriet Ross Tubman (c. 1821-1913)

Dubbed “The Moses of Her People,” escaped slave Harriet Tubman assisted hundreds of slaves on the Underground Railroad, leading them from Maryland to safety in Pennsylvania.  Born enslaved in 1821 and raised in Dorchester County, Maryland to Benjamin and Harriett Greene Ross, Harriett was both … Read MoreHarriet Ross Tubman (c. 1821-1913)

Benjamin A. Quarles (1904-1996)

Image Ownership: Public Domain Noted historian, scholar, and educator Benjamin Author Quarles was born in Boston, Massachusetts on January 23, 1904.  His father, Arthur Benedict Quarles was a subway porter and his mother, Margaret O’Brien Quarles, was a homemaker. In his twenties, Quarles enrolled at … Read MoreBenjamin A. Quarles (1904-1996)