Dorothy Cotton (1930-2018)

Dorothy Cotton was an American civil rights activist and leader, known for being the only woman in the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s inner circle. She was also the highest-ranking woman in King’s Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). As the organization’s Educational Director, Cotton ran SCLC’s Citizenship … Read MoreDorothy Cotton (1930-2018)

Chicago Freedom Movement (1965–1967)

Protest March in Marquette Park Neighborhood of Chicago “Image Ownership: Public Domain” The Chicago Freedom Movement, led by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., James Bevel, and Al Raby, was created to challenge systematic racial segregation and discrimination in Chicago and its suburbs. The movement which … Read MoreChicago Freedom Movement (1965–1967)

Reverend Joseph H. Jackson (1900-1990)

Reverend Joseph Harrison Jackson was the pastor of Olivet Baptist Church in Chicago, Illinois (1941–1990), the longest-serving president of the National Baptist Convention (1953-1982), and a leading conservative voice during the Civil Rights era. To this day, Rev. Jackson remains a deeply controversial figure, in … Read MoreReverend Joseph H. Jackson (1900-1990)

COINTELPRO [Counterintelligence Program] (1956-1976)

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” COINTELPRO was a counterintelligence program run by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from roughly 1956 to 1976. It combined the efforts of the Bureau and local police forces to track, harass, discredit, infiltrate, destroy, and destabilize dissident groups in the … Read MoreCOINTELPRO [Counterintelligence Program] (1956-1976)

Alvin J. Boutte Sr. (1929-2012)

Alvin J. Boutte Sr., co-founder and past chairman and CEO of Independence Bank (at one time America’s largest black-owned bank), was born in Lake Charles, Louisiana on October 10, 1929.  He was the youngest of 10 children.  His mother Adorea Darensbourg Boutte was a seamstress, and his … Read MoreAlvin J. Boutte Sr. (1929-2012)

Hunter Pitts “Jack” O’Dell (1924- )

Community organizer and Civil Rights activist Hunter Pitts O’Dell was born in Detroit, Michigan on August 11, 1924.  His father George Edwin O’Dell worked in hotels and restaurants in Detroit and his mother, Emily O’Dell, attended Howard University where she studied music and later taught … Read MoreHunter Pitts “Jack” O’Dell (1924- )