Black Star Line (1919-1923)

The S.S. Yarmouth, Black Star Line, New York City, 1923 "Image Ownership: Public Domain" The Black Star Line (BSL) was a steamship corporation established in 1919 by Pan-Africanist Marcus Garvey, the leader of the United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). The name, inspired by a British … Read MoreBlack Star Line (1919-1923)

Blockbusting

Hillcrest, Middle Class Neighborhood in Northeast Washington, D.C. Image Ownership: Public Domain Blockbusting refers to the practice of introducing African American homeowners into previously all white neighborhoods in order to spark rapid white flight and housing price decline. Real estate speculators have historically used this … Read MoreBlockbusting

Redlining (1937- )

Redlining Map, Charlotte, North Carolina, 1935 Image Ownership: Public Domain Redlining refers to a discriminatory pattern of disinvestment and obstructive lending practices that act as an impediment to home ownership among African Americans and other people of color.  Banks used the concept to deny loans … Read MoreRedlining (1937- )

Freedomways (1961-1985)

Freedomways Cover, 1979 Image Ownership: Public Domain Freedomways was the central theoretical journal of the 20th century black arts and intellectual movement in the United States.  From its opening issue in the spring of 1961, it invited historians, sociologists, economists, artists, workers, and students to … Read MoreFreedomways (1961-1985)