Bernadette Mary Allen (1955- )

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" Career Foreign Service Officer Bernadette Mary Allen was commissioned into the U.S. diplomatic service in January 1980. Twenty-five years later, on October 26, 2005, President George W. Bush appointed Allen to serve as U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Niger.  She … Read MoreBernadette Mary Allen (1955- )

Cynthia Shepard Perry (1928- )

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" Cynthia Shepard Perry, a Republican and 25 year career diplomat, has served three Republican presidents. President Ronald Reagan appointed her as Chief of Education and Human Resources of the U.S. Agency for International Development where she served from 1982 to 1986, … Read MoreCynthia Shepard Perry (1928- )

Michael Norman Manley (1924-1997)

Image Ownership: Public Domain Michael Norman Manley, longtime prime minister of Jamaica, was born December 10, 1924 in the suburbs of Kingston, Jamaica to a well-off family. His father, Norman Manley, was a lawyer and political activist in Jamaica and considered by many to be … Read MoreMichael Norman Manley (1924-1997)

Freedman’s Bureau (1865-1872)

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, commonly referred to as the Freedmen’s Bureau, was created by Congress on March 3, 1865.  Fashioned to provide temporary, one-year assistance to former slaves and destitute whites in the war-ravaged South, in July of the following year … Read MoreFreedman’s Bureau (1865-1872)

The African Civilization Society (1858-1869)

West Africa in the 18th Century Image Ownership: Public Domain The African Civilization Society (ACS) was founded in 1858 by Henry Highland Garnet who sought to encourage blacks American to immigrate to Africa. Garnet envisioned educated black Americans moving to the African Continent as cultural … Read MoreThe African Civilization Society (1858-1869)