COINTELPRO [Counterintelligence Program] (1956-1976)

COINTELPRO was a counterintelligence program run by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from roughly 1956 to 1976. It combined the efforts of the Bureau and local police forces to track, harass, discredit, infiltrate, destroy, and destabilize dissident groups in the United States. COINTELPRO targeted … Read MoreCOINTELPRO [Counterintelligence Program] (1956-1976)

National Lawyers Guild (1937- )

The National Lawyers Guild (NLG), founded in 1937, was the first attorneys organization that welcomed any member regardless of belief or race making it the first integrated bar association. The Guild included a number of African American attorneys but also white New Deal liberals and … Read MoreNational Lawyers Guild (1937- )

Hubert Harrison: The Voice of Early 20th Century Harlem Radicalism

In the article below independent historian Jeffrey Perry discusses his 2008 book on early 20th Century Harlem activist Hubert Harrison. Hubert Harrison (1883-1927) is one of the truly important figures of early twentieth-century America. A brilliant writer, orator, educator, critic, and political activist, he was … Read MoreHubert Harrison: The Voice of Early 20th Century Harlem Radicalism

Scottsboro Boys Trial and Defense Campaign (1931–1937)

Scottsboro Boys and Attorney Samuel Leibowitz Image Ownership: Public Domain The Scottsboro Boys were nine young black men, falsely accused of raping two white women on board a train near Scottsboro, Alabama in 1931. Convicted and facing execution, the case of Charlie Weems, Ozie Powell, … Read MoreScottsboro Boys Trial and Defense Campaign (1931–1937)