Oliver Golden (1887-1940)

Image Ownership: Public domain Oliver Golden, born in 1887, in Yazoo County, Mississippi, was the son of former slaves who prospered during Reconstruction. Their house, however, was burned twice by Ku Klux Klan which resented the family’s success and they were forced to leave Mississippi for Alabama while Oliver … Read MoreOliver Golden (1887-1940)

James W. Ford (1893-1957)

Communist Party Presidential Campaign Poster, 1932 with image of James Ford as the Vice Presidential Candidate. Image Ownership: Public domain James W. Ford was Special Organizer of the Communist Party’s (CP) Harlem, New York section and the most prominent black Communist in the nation during the 1930s … Read MoreJames W. Ford (1893-1957)

Lovett Fort-Whiteman (1889-1939)

Lovett Huey Fort-Whiteman was an American political and civil rights activistand member of the Communist International.  He is regarded as the first American-born black Communist and first African American to attend a Comintern training school in the Soviet Union.  Fort-Whiteman organized the Communist Party-affiliated American Negro Labor Congress and was labeled by Time magazine as … Read MoreLovett Fort-Whiteman (1889-1939)

Jean Baptiste Roumain (Jacques) / Roumain, Jacques (1907-1944)

Image Ownership: Public domain Jacques Roumain (Born Jean-Baptiste Roumain) was a Haitian author, poet, novelist, essayist, political activist, and diplomat born on June 4, 1907. He was one of the more famous twentieth century Haitian intellectuals. Jacques Roumain was born in Port-au-Prince, the Haitian capital. … Read MoreJean Baptiste Roumain (Jacques) / Roumain, Jacques (1907-1944)

Leo Lythel Robinson (1937–2013)

“Image Courtesy of David Bacon” A rank-and-file activist in the International Longshore & Warehouse Union (ILWU), Leo Robinson was best known for fighting apartheid by helping lead a massive boycott of South African cargo that galvanized anti-apartheid movement in California‘s San Francisco Bay Area in … Read MoreLeo Lythel Robinson (1937–2013)

COINTELPRO [Counterintelligence Program] (1956-1976)

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” COINTELPRO was a counterintelligence program run by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from roughly 1956 to 1976. It combined the efforts of the Bureau and local police forces to track, harass, discredit, infiltrate, destroy, and destabilize dissident groups in the … Read MoreCOINTELPRO [Counterintelligence Program] (1956-1976)

Black Belt Republic (1928-1934)

Black Belt Republic Poster, 1932 “Image Ownership: Public Domain” The Black Belt Republic was a proposed black autonomous state in the American Deep South proposed by African American communists and for a time endorsed by the Soviet Union and the international communist community. The Black … Read MoreBlack Belt Republic (1928-1934)