Audrey Forbes Manley (1934- )

Audrey F. Manley, who would eventually be acting Surgeon General of the United States, was born in Jackson, Mississippi on March 5, 1934 to Ora Lee Buckhalter Forbes and Jesse Lee Forbes. In 1955, Manley earned her bachelor of arts in biology from Spelman College and then enrolled in Meharry Medical … Read MoreAudrey Forbes Manley (1934- )

Helen Octavia Dickens (1909-2001)

The first African American woman to be admitted as a fellow to the American College of Surgeons (1950), Helen Octavia Dickens dedicated her career to women’s health and well-being, with a particular focus on the lives of young women, low-income women, and women of color. A board-certified obstetrician/ … Read MoreHelen Octavia Dickens (1909-2001)

Julian H. Lewis (1891-1989)

An accomplished scientist, physician, and educator, Dr. Julian Herman Lewis challenged racism in the American medical and scientific communities in his prominent 1942 text Biology of the Negro. Drawing on his background as both a doctor and as a recipient of a Ph.D. in physiology and pathology, Lewis demonstrated … Read MoreJulian H. Lewis (1891-1989)

Thomas Elkins (1818-1900)

An inventor, abolitionist, and trained medical professional, Dr. Thomas Elkins played a significant role in supporting the Underground Railroad in Albany, New York during the 1840s and 1850s. He also made an important contribution to the development of refrigeration techniques, and patented several inventions for other household furniture items during the latter … Read MoreThomas Elkins (1818-1900)

Charles Victor Roman (1864–1934)

Dr. Charles Victor Roman was an author, physician, historian, medical school professor, and civil rights activist. He was also the first physician of African ancestry from North America to receive training in both ophthalmology and otolaryngology. Roman was born on July 4, 1864, in Williamsport, … Read MoreCharles Victor Roman (1864–1934)

Bennet Ifeakandu Omalu (1968- )

Bennet Ifeakandu Omalu is a Nigerian-American doctor who is best known for discovering chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), the brain injury affecting former National Football League players, among others. Omalu’s discovery and the reaction to it prompted the 2015 film Concussion starringt the actor Will Smith. … Read MoreBennet Ifeakandu Omalu (1968- )