Habib Bourguiba (1903-2000)

Habib Bourguiba, the first leader of independent Tunisia, was born on August 3, 1903, in Monastir, Tunisia, then a French protectorate. His parents were Ali Bourguiba and Fatouma Khefacha. His father sent him to Tunis when he was five to pursue his studies at the … Read MoreHabib Bourguiba (1903-2000)

The Double V Campaign (1942-1945)

The Double V campaign was a slogan championed by The Pittsburgh Courier, then the largest black newspaper in the United States, that promoted efforts toward democracy for civilian defense workers and for African Americans in the military. The Pittsburgh Courier newspaper, founded in 1907, had … Read MoreThe Double V Campaign (1942-1945)

Beatrice Morrow Cannady and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Oregon, 1912-1936

In the article below, Kimberley Mangun, an assistant professor in the Department of Communication at The University of Utah, describes how she “discovered” Beatrice Morrow Cannady, an editor who spent nearly 25 years advocating civil rights in Oregon. Cannady used her Portland-based newspaper, The Advocate, … Read MoreBeatrice Morrow Cannady and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Oregon, 1912-1936

Wilmington Race Riot of 1898

A politically motivated attack by whites against the city’s leading African American citizens, the Wilmington Race Riot of 1898 documents the lengths to which white Democrats went to regain political domination of the South after Reconstruction.  The violence began on Thursday, November 10 in the … Read MoreWilmington Race Riot of 1898