Gratien Candace (1873-1953)

Image Ownership: Public domain French teacher and politician Gratien Candace was born on December 18, 1873 in Guadeloupe, a French overseas territory. His father Edouard was born in Guadeloupe as well, only two years before slavery was formally abolished in France, in 1848. Candace is the first French black politician to hold … Read MoreGratien Candace (1873-1953)

Camille Sosthène Héliodore Mortenol (1859-1930)

Image Ownership: Public domain French naval hero Camille Mortenol was born November 29, 1859 in Pointe-à-Pitre, the largest city in the French island colony of Guadeloupe in the Caribbean Sea, the son of former slave André Mortenol, a sailor, and his wife, Julienne Toussaint, a … Read MoreCamille Sosthène Héliodore Mortenol (1859-1930)

Guillaume Guillon-Lethière (1760–1832)

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” One of the few painters from the Americas with a degree of African ancestry who was active in the 1800s and has representative works in the Louvre Museum in Paris, France is Guillaume Guillon-Lethière. Born January 10, 1760, near Sainte-Anne on … Read MoreGuillaume Guillon-Lethière (1760–1832)

Gaston Monnerville (1897–1991)

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” Born in Cayenne, French Guiana to parents Marc Saint-Yves Monnerville and Marie-Françoise Orville, Gaston Monnerville was the grandson of a slave. His family was from Case-Pilote in Martinique, but moved to French Guiana where two sons were born: Pierre and Gaston. … Read MoreGaston Monnerville (1897–1991)

The Brazzaville Conference, 1944

Félix Éboué and Charles DeGaulle at Brazzaville, 1944 Image Ownership: Public Domain The Brazzaville Conference was organized during the Second World War and took place in Brazzaville, the capital city of the colony of French Equatorial Africa from January 30 to February 8, 1944.  The … Read MoreThe Brazzaville Conference, 1944

Adolphe-Félix-Sylvestre Eboué (1884-1944)

Felix Eboue Greets Charles De Galle on his Visit to Chad, 1940 Image Courtesy of the Library of Congress Adolphe-Félix-Sylvestre Eboué, French Colonial Administrator, was the grandson of slaves but was born a free man on December 26, 1884, at Cayenne, French Guiana, a French … Read MoreAdolphe-Félix-Sylvestre Eboué (1884-1944)

Joseph de Bolonge/Le Chevalier de Saint-Georges (1745-1799)

Joseph de Bologne was born December 25, 1745 on a plantation near Basse-Terre, on the French Caribbean island of Guadeloupe. His mother was Anne Nanon, slave-mistress of his father, the nobleman George de Bologne de Saint-Georges. He was educated in France, where his father became … Read MoreJoseph de Bolonge/Le Chevalier de Saint-Georges (1745-1799)