Julia Jeter Cleckley (1944- )

Brigadier General Julia Jeter Cleckley was the first African American female General in the U.S. Army National Guard. Cleckley spent twenty-eight years in the active Army National Guard, rising in the ranks and breaking barriers. She was the first person of color in many positions throughout her … Read MoreJulia Jeter Cleckley (1944- )

A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr. (1928-1998)

Aloyisus Leon Higginbotham, Jr., who eventually served on the United States Court of Appeals, was born in Trenton, New Jersey, in 1928.  His mother, Emma Lee Higginbotham, was a maid and his father, Aloyisus Leon Higginbotham Sr., was a factory worker.  Higginbotham attended racially segregated schools in Trenton, … Read MoreA. Leon Higginbotham, Jr. (1928-1998)

William A. Hilliard (1927-2017)

William A. “Bill” Hilliard was the first black editor of the Portland Oregonian, the largest daily newspaper in Oregon, and the first black president of the American Society of Newspaper Editors. Hilliard, one of four children, was born May 28, 1927 in Chicago, Illinois, to Ruth and Felix Hilliard.  His … Read MoreWilliam A. Hilliard (1927-2017)

Luther Ambrose Goodwin (1920-1982)

Luther and Joye Goodwin (Holding Their Child) in 1964 Civil Rights Demonstration Image Ownership: Public domain Tuskegee Airman, civil rights activist, and attorney Luther A. Goodwin was born April 17, 1920 in Jacksonville, Florida, the son of Hilliard E. Goodwin, a college instructor and building … Read MoreLuther Ambrose Goodwin (1920-1982)

The Booker T. Washington Community Center, Spokane, Washington (1937-1948)

The Booker T. Washington Community Center was founded on February 1, 1937, to provide a place for people to socialize and recreate free from the racial prejudices and judgments that plagued Spokane, Washington at the time. The Center was founded by Rosa D. Malone, a … Read MoreThe Booker T. Washington Community Center, Spokane, Washington (1937-1948)