The Colored Citizen, Helena, Montana (1894)

The Colored Citizen published weekly in Helena, Montana, for a little over two months during the electoral campaign season, September to November 1894. The paper proclaimed its purpose to become “the mouthpiece . . . to educate the public to a full appreciation of our [African Americans in … Read MoreThe Colored Citizen, Helena, Montana (1894)

The Montana Plaindealer, Helena, Montana (1906-1911)

On  March 16, 1906, Joseph B. Bass printed the first issue of The Montana Plaindealer in Helena, Montana, a community that included more than 400 African Americans, or about 3% of the city’s population. Bass came to Helena a veteran newspaperman, having worked on the Topeka Plaindealer in Kansas … Read MoreThe Montana Plaindealer, Helena, Montana (1906-1911)

Danny Scarborough (1947-1989)

Danny Lyon Scarborough made his mark in the world in two arenas, as an innovative, Emmy Award-winning choreographer/dancer, and as one of the first well-known African Americans to go public about having AIDS.  Born on July 27, 1947, he grew up on a farm near Wake … Read MoreDanny Scarborough (1947-1989)

Cecil Eugene Diggs Haney (1955- )

Navy Admiral Cecil Haney was born into a struggling family in “humble surroundings” in Washington, D.C., on December 1, 1955. After graduating from the city’s Eastern High School he left for Annapolis, Maryland, where he was a distinguished midshipman at the United States Naval Academy, … Read MoreCecil Eugene Diggs Haney (1955- )

Sebastián Gómez (1646?–1690?)

Murillo Discovering Sebastián Gómez Painting in Murillo’s Studio "Image Ownership: Public Domain" Spanish Baroque painter Sebastián Gómez was born around 1646 in Seville, Spain, a product of that city’s sizeable African-descended community. Ordinary benchmarks pertaining to most of his life—ancestry, circumstances of birth, parentage, identity … Read MoreSebastián Gómez (1646?–1690?)

Black Star Line (1919-1923)

The S.S. Yarmouth, Black Star Line, New York City, 1923 "Image Ownership: Public Domain" The Black Star Line (BSL) was a steamship corporation established in 1919 by Pan-Africanist Marcus Garvey, the leader of the United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). The name, inspired by a British … Read MoreBlack Star Line (1919-1923)

Blockbusting

Hillcrest, Middle Class Neighborhood in Northeast Washington, D.C. Image Ownership: Public Domain Blockbusting refers to the practice of introducing African American homeowners into previously all white neighborhoods in order to spark rapid white flight and housing price decline. Real estate speculators have historically used this … Read MoreBlockbusting

Redlining (1937- )

Redlining Map, Charlotte, North Carolina, 1935 Image Ownership: Public Domain Redlining refers to a discriminatory pattern of disinvestment and obstructive lending practices that act as an impediment to home ownership among African Americans and other people of color.  Banks used the concept to deny loans … Read MoreRedlining (1937- )