Camille Sosthène Héliodore Mortenol (1859-1930)

Image Ownership: Public domain French naval hero Camille Mortenol was born November 29, 1859 in Pointe-à-Pitre, the largest city in the French island colony of Guadeloupe in the Caribbean Sea, the son of former slave André Mortenol, a sailor, and his wife, Julienne Toussaint, a … Read MoreCamille Sosthène Héliodore Mortenol (1859-1930)

Gaston Monnerville (1897–1991)

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" Born in Cayenne, French Guiana to parents Marc Saint-Yves Monnerville and Marie-Françoise Orville, Gaston Monnerville was the grandson of a slave. His family was from Case-Pilote in Martinique, but moved to French Guiana where two sons were born: Pierre and Gaston. … Read MoreGaston Monnerville (1897–1991)

Blaise Diagne (1872-1934)

Image Ownership: Public Domain Galaye M’baye Diagne, the first African elected at the French National Assembly and to obtain a post in the French government, was born on October 13, 1872, on Gorée Island, Senegal. His father, Niokhor Diagne, was a cook, and his mother, … Read MoreBlaise Diagne (1872-1934)

Adolphe-Félix-Sylvestre Eboué (1884-1944)

Felix Eboue Greets Charles De Galle on his Visit to Chad, 1940 Image Courtesy of the Library of Congress Adolphe-Félix-Sylvestre Eboué, French Colonial Administrator, was the grandson of slaves but was born a free man on December 26, 1884, at Cayenne, French Guiana, a French … Read MoreAdolphe-Félix-Sylvestre Eboué (1884-1944)

Aimé Césaire (1913-2008)

  Image Ownership: Public Domain Legendary poet and politician, Aimé Césaire, was born on July 26, 1913 in the small town of Basse-Pointe on the island of Martinique. His father was a tax inspector and his mother a dressmaker. Unlike the majority of lower-class Martinicans, … Read MoreAimé Césaire (1913-2008)