Jamaica Bobsleigh Team (1987- )

The Jamaica Bobsleigh Federation (JBF) was initially created in 1987 by two American businessmen living in Jamaica, George Fitch and William Maloney. After watching a local pushcart race, Fitch and Maloney recognized similarities with bobsledding. Already aware of Jamaica’s athletic history, particularly around sprinting and … Read MoreJamaica Bobsleigh Team (1987- )

Freddye Scarborough Henderson (1917-2007)

Freddye Scarborough Henderson, entrepreneur, columnist, and educator, was born on February 18, 1917 in Franklinton, Louisiana. She was educated in her hometown and graduated valedictorian from Booker T. Washington High School in Franklinton.  In 1937, Scarborough earned a B.S. in home economics from Southern University.  … Read MoreFreddye Scarborough Henderson (1917-2007)

(1964) Dr. Martin Luther King, “Receiving the Nobel Peace Prize”

On December 10, 1964, Dr. Martin Luther King became only the second African American (after Ralph Bunche) to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.  His acceptance speech given in Oslo, Norway, appears below. Your Majesty, Your Royal Highness, Mr. President, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen: I accept … Read More(1964) Dr. Martin Luther King, “Receiving the Nobel Peace Prize”

(1950) Ralph Bunche, “Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech”

In 1950 Ralph Bunche, a political scientist by training and then an official of the United Nations, became the first African American to win the Nobel Peace Prize.  His brief acceptance address delivered on December 10, 1950 in Oslo, Norway appears below. Your Majesty, Your Royal … Read More(1950) Ralph Bunche, “Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech”

Clifton Reginald Wharton, Sr. (1899-1990)

Clifton R. Wharton, one of the first African-Americans to hold a professional position in the U.S. State Department, was born in 1899 in Baltimore, Maryland. Described as a “scholastic marvel,” Wharton attended English High School in Boston, Massachusetts, skipped college and was accepted to Boston … Read MoreClifton Reginald Wharton, Sr. (1899-1990)

(1993) Nelson Mandela, “Nobel Peace Prize Address”

In 1993 South African political activist Nelson Mandela shared the annual Nobel Peace Prize with South African President F.W. de Klerk.  Mandela’s Nobel Peace Prize address on December 10, 1993 in Oslo, Norway appears below. Your Majesty the King, Your Royal Highness, Honourable Prime Minister, … Read More(1993) Nelson Mandela, “Nobel Peace Prize Address”

(1961) Albert Luthuli, “Nobel Peace Prize Acceptance Speech”

In December 1960, Albert Luthuli, President of the African National Congress of South Africa, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in the struggle against apartheid.  The South African government however, refused to allow Luthuli to leave the country to accept the award … Read More(1961) Albert Luthuli, “Nobel Peace Prize Acceptance Speech”