Cordy Tindell “C.T.” Vivian (1924-2020)

The life of the Reverend Cordy Tindell “C.T.” Vivian is in many ways the story of the modern black freedom struggle.  Vivian actively participated in the Nashville desegregation movement, Freedom Rides, Birmingham, Selma, Chicago, and other chapters of the fight for equal rights. Born Boonville, … Read MoreCordy Tindell “C.T.” Vivian (1924-2020)

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, SNCC (1960-1973)

On February 1, 1960, four black college students in Greensboro, North Carolina, demanded service at a Woolworth’s lunch counter. When the staff refused to serve them, they stayed until the store closed. In the following days and weeks this “sit-in” idea spread through the South.  … Read MoreStudent Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, SNCC (1960-1973)

March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom (August 28, 1963)

The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, held on August 28, 1963 in Washington, D.C., was a landmark event for the early civil rights movement and is partly credited with winning the passage of the Federal Civil Rights Act of 1964.  Over 250,000 demonstrators … Read MoreMarch on Washington for Jobs and Freedom (August 28, 1963)

Bloody Sunday Protest March, Selma, Alabama, March 7, 1965

Between 1961 and 1964, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) had led a voting registration campaign in Selma, the seat of Dallas County, Alabama, a small town with a record of consistent resistance to black voting. When SNCC’s efforts were frustrated by stiff resistance from … Read MoreBloody Sunday Protest March, Selma, Alabama, March 7, 1965

Yolande Cornelia “Nikki” Giovanni (1943- )

“There’s no life in safety,” said three-time National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Image Award winner Nikki Giovanni who began her own life on June 7, 1943, in Knoxville, Tennessee. She moved with her mother and sister to a small black suburb … Read MoreYolande Cornelia “Nikki” Giovanni (1943- )