Emmett Hercules Holmes (1872-1948)

Emmett Hercules Holmes was one of Spokane, Washington’s first African American residents, as well as an important politician in the young city. Holmes was born on July 7, 1872, near Vicksburg, Mississippi. By the summer of 1888, his mother was interested in moving to the … Read MoreEmmett Hercules Holmes (1872-1948)

Richard Freeman (?-1851)

Site of Richard Freeman Saloon in Old Town San Diego Image Ownership: Public domain Richard Freeman, deputy city marshal and entrepreneur in the early years of San Diego, California, was born somewhere in the Eastern United States. His date of birth is unknown and so … Read MoreRichard Freeman (?-1851)

Reverend Joseph H. Jackson (1900–1990)

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” Reverend Joseph Harrison Jackson was the pastor of Olivet Baptist Church in Chicago, Illinois (1941–1990), the longest-serving president of the National Baptist Convention (1953-1982), and a leading conservative voice during the Civil Rights era. To this day, Rev. Jackson remains a … Read MoreReverend Joseph H. Jackson (1900–1990)

George Albert Flippin (1868–1929)

George Albert Flippin and the University of Nebraska Football Team, 1895 (Nebraska State Historical Society) George Albert Flippin, born in Point Isable, Ohio, in 1868, was a prominent athlete and physician in Nebraska, who broke racial barriers in collegiate football and medicine for African Americans. … Read MoreGeorge Albert Flippin (1868–1929)

Robert Browning Flippin (1903–1963)

Robert Browning Flippin was an important community leader and racial activist in San Francisco beginning in the 1930s through the 1950s. He was also the first African American parole officer at the California State Prison at San Quentin. The son of the black physician George … Read MoreRobert Browning Flippin (1903–1963)

Frederick McDonald Massiah (1886–1975)

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" Frederick McDonald Massiah was one of the first African Americans to receive a civil engineering degree from Drexel University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and was also one of the first successful African American contracting engineers in the country. Massiah was born in … Read MoreFrederick McDonald Massiah (1886–1975)

Tony Gleaton (1948-2015)

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" Leo Antony "Tony" Gleaton is an African American photographer, scholar, and artist who is best known for his photographic images capturing and documenting the African influence in the American West and Central and South America. Gleaton, the youngest son of an … Read MoreTony Gleaton (1948-2015)

George Frazier Monroe (c. 1844-1886)

Image Ownership: Public Domain Yosemite stagecoach driver George Frazier Monroe was born in Georgia possibly around 1844.  His father, Louis Augustus Monroe, arrived from Georgia in the Gold Rush and settled as a barber in Mariposa in 1854.  He was also locally known as a … Read MoreGeorge Frazier Monroe (c. 1844-1886)

William Robison (1821-1899)

Image Ownership: Public Domain California pioneer, expressman, and civil rights worker William Robison was born a slave in Gloucester County, Virginia on August 28, 1821.  He may have gained his freedom by fighting in the Seminole War in 1836.  He would have been 15 at … Read MoreWilliam Robison (1821-1899)