Aaron Dixon (1949– )

Aaron Dixon was born in Chicago, Illinois on January 2, 1949.  He moved with his family to Seattle, Washington at a young age and grew up in the city’s historically black Central District. Influenced by his parents’ commitment to social justice, Dixon became one of the leading activists in the Seattle area … Read MoreAaron Dixon (1949– )

Robert F. Williams (1925-1996)

Image Courtesy of California Newsreel Robert F. Williams was a militant civil rights leader whose open advocacy of armed self-defense anticipated the movement for "black power" in the late 1960s and helped inspire groups like the Student National Coordinating Committee, the Revolutionary Action Movement, and … Read MoreRobert F. Williams (1925-1996)

African Blood Brotherhood (1919-1924)

"Image Ownership: Public Domian" The African Blood Brotherhood for African Liberation and Redemption (ABB) was a militant black liberation group founded in 1919 by West Indian journalist Cyril Briggs. The ABB advocated armed defense against racist assaults and the creation of an independent black socialist … Read MoreAfrican Blood Brotherhood (1919-1924)

Deacons for Defense and Justice

Charles Sims holding Ku Klux Klan Clothing © Bettmann/Corbis On July 10, 1964, a group of African American men in Jonesboro, Louisiana led by Earnest “Chilly Willy” Thomas and Frederick Douglas Kirkpatrick founded the group known as The Deacons for Defense and Justice to protect … Read MoreDeacons for Defense and Justice

Lowndes County Freedom Organization

Letter on Lowndes County Freedom Organization Stationary, ca. 1966 Image Ownership: Public Domain The Lowndes County Freedom Organization (LCFO), also known as the Black Panther Party, was started in 1965 under the direction of Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) activist Stokely Carmichael.  In 1965, Lowndes … Read MoreLowndes County Freedom Organization

James Forman (1928-2005)

Image Ownership: Public Domain Civil rights leader and political activist James Forman was an instrumental leader in the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), sending demonstrators to the South for the Freedom Ride protests. Forman, who was born in Chicago, Illinois on October 4th, 1928, lived … Read MoreJames Forman (1928-2005)