Black Star Line (1919-1923)

The Black Star Line (BSL) was a steamship corporation established in 1919 by Pan-Africanist Marcus Garvey, the leader of the United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). The name, inspired by a British luxury steamship line called the White Star Line, was applied to a highly ambitious … Read MoreBlack Star Line (1919-1923)

WGPR-TV (1975–1995)

WGPR-TV (Where God’s Presence Radiates) was the first television station in the United States owned and operated by African Americans. The station, located in Detroit, Michigan, was founded by William Venoid Banks. WGPR-TV marketed toward the urban audience in Detroit, Michigan, which in that market … Read MoreWGPR-TV (1975–1995)

Friends of Negro Freedom (1920-1930)

Cover of The Messenger magazine, 1918 Image Courtesy of Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations The Friends of Negro Freedom (FNF) was created by A. Philip Randolph and … Read MoreFriends of Negro Freedom (1920-1930)

Operation Crossroads Africa (1958- )

Building a School Near Kitale, Kenya, Crossroads Africa, 1980 Image Ownership: Public Domain Operation Crossroads Africa (OCA), founded in 1958 by Dr. James H. Robinson, is a non-profit organization which provides individuals with a seven-week experience in Africa. Founded on the principle that cultural immersion … Read MoreOperation Crossroads Africa (1958- )

National Negro Business League (1900 – )

National Negro Business League Executive Committee Image Ownership: Public Domain The National Negro Business League (NNBL) was founded by Booker T. Washington in Boston, Massachusetts in 1900.  The league, which predated the United States Chamber of Commerce by 12 years, strives to enhance the commercial … Read MoreNational Negro Business League (1900 – )

Operation PUSH (People United to Serve Humanity)

Image Ownership: Public Domain Operation PUSH was founded by Rev. Jesse Jackson in 1971 to improve the economic status of African Americans in Chicago, Illinois.  Prior to founding PUSH, Jackson was head of the Southern Leadership Conference’s Operation Breadbasket in Chicago.  Through Breadbasket, Jackson succeeded … Read MoreOperation PUSH (People United to Serve Humanity)

Meredith Mathews (1919-1992)

Prominent social and civic leader in African American Seattle, Washington, Meredith Mathews was born in Thomaston, Georgia on September 14, 1919.  He attended public schools in Georgia and then moved to Ohio for college.  He received his Bachelor of Science degree from Wilberforce University in … Read MoreMeredith Mathews (1919-1992)

Henry Beauchamp (1933-2013)

Born November 9, 1933 in Clinton, Louisiana to a farming family, Henry Beauchamp, Jr., was the youngest of Henry Clay, Sr., and Cornellia Beauchamp’s seven children.  Shortly after Henry’s thirteenth birthday, his family moved to Yakima, Washington, where he received his secondary education. Henry married … Read MoreHenry Beauchamp (1933-2013)