Eartha M. M. White (1876–1974)

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" Eartha Mary Magdalene White, a prominent African American resident of Jacksonville, Florida, was widely known for her humanitarian and philanthropic endeavors in the northeastern part of that state. White was born in Jacksonville, Florida, on November 8, 1876. Her Mother died … Read MoreEartha M. M. White (1876–1974)

Black Star Line (1919-1923)

The S.S. Yarmouth, Black Star Line, New York City, 1923 "Image Ownership: Public Domain" The Black Star Line (BSL) was a steamship corporation established in 1919 by Pan-Africanist Marcus Garvey, the leader of the United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). The name, inspired by a British … Read MoreBlack Star Line (1919-1923)

Mayfield Kelvin Webb (1927-1996)

Mayfield Webb and His Children, 1965 Image Ownership: Public Domain Mayfield Webb, a lawyer, civil rights leader, and social activist was born on November 10, 1927 in Baltimore, Maryland. As a member of the U.S. Army, he served during the Korean War. Upon his return, … Read MoreMayfield Kelvin Webb (1927-1996)

Charles H. Bullock Sr. (1875-1950)

Charles Harmon Bullock was a prominent leader in the early 20th Century Colored Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) movement.  Born in Charlottesville, Virginia, on March 2, 1875, the son of former slaves Burkley and Mary Washington Bullock, Charles Bullock later graduated as salutorian of his … Read MoreCharles H. Bullock Sr. (1875-1950)

WGPR-TV (1975–1995)

WGPR-TV (Where God’s Presence Radiates) was the first television station in the United States owned and operated by African Americans. The station, located in Detroit, Michigan, was founded by William Venoid Banks. WGPR-TV marketed toward the urban audience in Detroit, Michigan, which in that market … Read MoreWGPR-TV (1975–1995)

National Council of Negro Women (1935- )

The National Council of Negro Women (NCNW) was founded on December 5, 1935, with the support of the leaders of 28 of the most notable black women’s organizations. The founder and president until 1949, Mary McLeod Bethune, envisioned a unified force of black women’s groups … Read MoreNational Council of Negro Women (1935- )

War on Poverty

Woman Attending Classes at a Los Angeles Anti-Poverty Agency Image Ownership: Public Domain The Civil Rights Movement and investigative journalism combined in the early 1960s, inciting a nation to address the growing problem of poverty in America.  A 1963 New York Times series on Appalachian … Read MoreWar on Poverty

Friends of Negro Freedom (1920-1930)

Cover of the Messenger Magazine, 1918 Image Courtesy of Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations  The Friends of Negro Freedom (FNF) was created by A. Philip Randolph and … Read MoreFriends of Negro Freedom (1920-1930)

Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity (1914- )

Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. (Sigma) was founded on the campus of Howard University in Washington, D.C., on January 14, 1914, by three college students,  A. Langston Taylor, Lenard F. Morse, and Charles I. Brown on the principles of Brotherhood, Scholarship, and Service. The founders … Read MorePhi Beta Sigma Fraternity (1914- )